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forest; Nurseries-Cradle of Industry 



Forestry Center Boosts Resources 

(From the Atl 

Georgia will dedicate a center 
on Monday which has as its main 
purpose the enrichment of our 
already highly productive forest 
resources. The new Georgia For- 
estry Center now in operation at 
Macon will serve to fill a gap 
that has existed for many years 
in forest research activities. 

The Center is the result of a 
new, and wholesome approach to 
the over-all advancement of for- 
estry in Georgia. 

Such organizations as the Geor- 
gia Forestry Council, the U. S. 
Forest Service, private industry 
and the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion can claim deserving credit 
for the Center. The Georgia 
Legislature also rates applause 
for having passed the act which 
established the Georgia Research 

Establishment of four research 
projects since the council's for- 

anta Journal) 

mation is tangible evidence of 
the wisdom of the legislation 
passed by the General Assembly 
last fall. 

The Georgian who feels he has 
only a passing interest in his 
state's trees and forests will 
probably find his interest quick- 
ened as new ideas, facts and 
figures on trees are uncovered 
by the researchers working un- 
der the guidance of the new Cen- 
ter at Macon. 

The layman, with his interest 
aroused, will probably look into 
the story of forests in Georgia. 
This investigation will show him 
that forests can be counted a- 
mong his state's most valuable 
resources. He will discover that 
trees-- pine, oak, hickory, 
ash, popular, sweet gum, and o- 
thers- - are the sources on one 
of Georgia's most productive, 
and economically fruitful in- 
dustries. It has an annual in- 
come estimated at $750,000,000. 

Vol. 8 


January, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 1 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT JII— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 


(From the Savannah News) 

There is nothing we think in 
this Southland of ours which is 
quite so certain a guarantee of 
the future prosperity as the 
planting of our idle acres to a 
pine tree crop. Per dollar of 
investment there is probably 
nothing that yields so handsome 
a return, or so insures a plenti- 
ful supply of raw material for 
future industrial growth. 

We are happy to note in this 
respect that Georgia's record is 
second to none. Of 180-odd 

million seedlings which the 
Southern pulp and paper industry 
alone was responsible for plant- 
ing last year, over 42 million 
were planted in Georgia. This 
means, in round figures, that 
something like 42 , 000 acres of 
our idle land was put to pro- 
ductive use. 

That such an accomplishment 
should be of benefit to our 
landowners is reason enough for 
the program. But it is much 
more than that, for it is not 
only the owner of the land who 
benefits. Timber and pulpwood 
income reacts ultimately to the 
benefit of all of us. 

Owi Cove*. 

Much ot Georgia' s forest industry - 
with its attendant jobs, payrolls 
and commerce-- finds its most 
vital component, a continuing 
supply of raw materials, in the 
myriad rows of seedlings that 
stretch across the landscape of 
the state's forest tree nurseries. 
Here in the four Forestry Com- 
mission nurseries begin many of 
our mature forests - trees which 
will turn the wheels of industry. 
Many standsoriginally planted with 
seedlings from the state's nurs- 
eries today are producing valuable 
pulpwood, lumber, naval stores 
and other materials. Future for- 
ests springing from todav' s seed- 
lings will greatly enrich our 
already highly productive forest 

JANUARY, 1955 

Two Counties 
Establish New 
Forestry Units 

Addition of two more counties 
to the 135 already operating or- 
ganized County Forestry Units in 
cooperation with the Georgia 
Forestry Commission was announc- 
ed this month. 

One county, Hancock, joined 
Commission forces January 1 and 
is operating as a combined unit 
with Baldwin County. The second 
county, Forsyth, will begin op- 
eration of its County Forestry 
Unit July 1. 

The combined Baldwin -Han cock 
unit will be operated under the 
supervision of Ranger Elmer 
Meeks,who already is head of for- 
est protection forBaldwin Coun- 
ty's 102,500 forest acres. 
Inclusion of Hancock County in 
the protected area will bring in 
an additional 229,400 acres of 
woodland to the territory now 
served by the Ranger. 

The new Unit's equipment, ac- 
cording to Sixth District For- 
ster W. C. Harper, will consist 
of Baldwin County's present e- 
quipment plus a small plow unit 
composed of a truck and a John 
Deere tractor. The Unit's two- 
way FM system also will be en- 
larged in keeping with demands 
of the new county, and hand tool 
equipment also will be increased. 

Hancock and Baldwin Counties 
will share finances with the 
State providing two-thirds of 
the over- all expenses and paying 
the cost of building fire towers. 

Surveys now are under way to 
determine the best locations for 
ranger headquarters and tower 

Ninth District Forester 0. C. 
Burtz reported Forsyth County's 
private forestland acreage con- 
sists of 93,600 forest acres. 

New Forestry Center 
Dedicated At Macon 

First hand glimpses of every- 
thing from growing the ''super- 
ior pine of the future'' - to 
fighting forestfires with wea- 
therstations and airplanes were 
on the ''open house'' itinerary 
of the new Georgia Forestry 
Center, dedicated in special 
ceremonies near Macon last 
mon th . 

Representing joint efforts of 
five of the state's leading for- 
estry organizations, the Cen- 
ter's opening was launched with 
a talk by Governor Herman E. 
Talmadge, who termed the estab- 
lishment ''the nerve center of 
forestry for the entire state.'' 

More than a thousand persons 
including delegations frum 
throughout the South and all sec- 
tions of Georgia participated 
in the day's festivities. 

The new forestry center, a 
joint venture of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, the Geor- 
gia Forest Research Council, 
the U. S. Forest Service, the 
Southeastern Forest Experiment 
Station, and the Georgia School 
of Forestry, is located three 
and a half miles south of Macon 
on the Riggins Mill Road. 

Governor Herman Talmadge. 

''It is here,*' declared the 
Governor, ''that the newest ex- 
periments and research with seeds, 
seedlings, grafts, entomo- 
logy work and pathology activi- 
ties will take place''. Here 
also is the focal point for a 
138 county network of forest 
fire suppression activities. 

''Open house'' tours conducted 
by commission personnel began 
early in the afternoon, and doz- 
ens of Georgians from all parts 
of the state were conducted 
though the vast Commission shop 
and warehouse, the Georgia For- 
est Research Council headquar- 
ters, the Hitchiti experimental 
(Continued on Page 9) 

FOREST POTENTIAL--Industry potential of Georgia' s forests and 
how it can be attained are shown in one of the many exhibits dis- 
played as the new Georgia Forestry Center was dedicated. 

■I ■■ 


IWs i. 


'Iiee Af2ftAeoLatlo4t 3>ay Arbor Day 

Response throughout Georgia to 
the second annual 4-H Tree Ap- 
preciation Day was termed" high- 
ly gratifying'' by Dorsey Dy- 
er, Extension Forester, Univer- 
sity of Georgia Agricultural Ex- 
tension Service. 


Held December 3, the special 
observance resulted in the co- 
operation of more than 500,000 
Georgia boys and girls in nearly 
all the state's 159 counties. 

Each child in hundreds of Geor- 
gia schools was given a forest 

tree seedling during the day and 

asked to plant the seedling. 

Seedlings were grown in thebeor- 

gir Forestry Commission's four 

forest tree nurseries. Local 

bankers througout the state to- 

TYPICAL "TA" DAY SCENL-- Scenes like this were repeated many hun- 
dreds of times on Georgia's second annual Tree Appreciation Day 
last month. Louis H. Downer, (left), seventh grade teacher at 
Edgewood School in Muscogee County, distributes seedlings to stu- 
dents. Approximately 20,000 pine seedlings were distributed in the 
county for planting on December 3. (Columbus Enquirer Photo by 
John Wangle. ) 

gether with pulp and paper com- 
panies cooperated in purchasing 
the seedlings. Four-H Club mem- 
bers distributed the trees. 

County agents, County Forest 
Rangers and school teachers co- 
operated in the distribution, 
and many Rangers during the day 
held special classroom programs 
in which forest conservation was 

''With completion of this sec- 
ond annual Tree Appreciation 
Day,'' declared Mr. Dyer, ''we 
feel that we have made definite 
progress in bringing before 
Georgia's schoolchildren-- and 
their parents as well - - a vital 
realization of the part which 
trees and forests play in their 
daily lives. ' ' 

Georgians who next month will 
celebrate the sixty- fourth an- 
niversary of Arbor Day in the 
state will observe the day with 
a variety of special programs 
highlighting the everyday bene- 
fits of our forest resource. 

Arbor Day, to be observed 
February 19 this year, will be 
marked in most Georgia schools 
by tree planting ceremonies. 
Thousands of school children 
throughout the state will parti- 
cipate in the annual forestry 

Special ceremonies scheduled 
are designed to honorthe state' s 
''green gold'' and the lead- 
ing part trees play in every- 
day life and the state and na- 
tion's economy 

The Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion will offer special Arbor 
Day aids for schools to be dis- 
tributed by the organization's 
County Rangers and district of- 
fice personnel to all school 
teachers, principals, and sup- 
erintendents requesting Arbor 
Day program material. Rangers 
also will offer their services 
to the schools in presenting 
tree planting demonstrations 
and showing pupils other demo- 
onstrations highlighting good 
forest management. 

SAF # Alumni, 
GFA To Hold 
Joint Meeting 

Officers of the Georgia Chap- 
ter, Society of American Fores- 
ters, the Alumni Society of the 
University of Georgia School of 
Forestry and the Georgia Fores- 
try Association have announced 
their organizations will hold a 
joint annual session at Augusta 
May 12-13. The organizations 
will meet at the Bon Air Hotel. 

Fu r t he r meeting details will 
be announced. 

JANUARY, 1955 

SPCA To Meet 
January 19-20 

Accomplishments of the Sou- 
thern Pulpwood Conservation 
Association during its past 
decade and a half of organi- 
zation will highlight the an- 
ual SPCA meeting January 
18-19 at the Atlanta Biltmore 
Hotel in Atlanta. 

H. J. Malsberger, Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Associ- 
ation General Manager -Fores t- 
er, reported plans for the 
annual session and said, ''We 
selected our meeting theme 
with the thought that many 
of the new leaders and new 
workers now engaged in SPCA 
activity are not entirely 
familiar with the conditions 
existing at the time the foun- 
ders established the organi- 

''We plan also,'' he de- 
clared, ''to look into the 
future with a view to deter- 
mining the best course of ac- 
tion to follow in providing 
continuing crops of trees.' 

The conservation foresters' 
meeting will be held the af- 
ternoon of Tuesday, January 
18. Mr. Malsberger reported 
the organization plans to 
make this a workshop type 
of program, covering only 
one important phase of the 
Conservation Forester's work. 
The discussion during this 
session will be confined to 
newspaper publicity and the 
most effective methods of 
preparing such articles on 
forestry as the field men 
are called upon to prepare. 

The area delegates' meeting 
will begin at 4 p.m. Tuesday, 
January 18, and will be con- 
cluded with a delegates din- 
ner that evening. The area 
delegates' meeting has be- 
come the business session of 
the Association. During this 
time the representative of 
each of the member mills ex- 
presses opinions concerning 
the Association's activities. 
(Continued on Page 10) 

AtuutcU Keep, Qteest llteeA 

Leading thoroughfares 
Fitzgerald last month 
on the appearance of 
deep piney woods which 
round that South Georgia 
as the community observed 
annual Keep 
Green week. 







Ben Hill County 

Seventeen -year -old Ruth 

Thomas, a sweet brunette baby 
sister of 1950's Miss Georgia, 
was crowned Queen of Keep 
Green Week following a beauty 
contest which initiated the 
1954 observance. Miss Barbara 
Kelly placed 
field of 20 

second in a 
contestants • 

Pine branches decorated the 
streets, and nearly every 
store in town illustrated 
some phase of the varied for- 
est industries which help 
form the economic backbone 
of Ben Hill County. The col- 
orful lore of the naval stores 
world and of the lumber 

and pulpwood industries were 
represented, as stores car- 
ried graphic reminders of the 
dangers which carelessness 
with match and cigaret hold 
for green and growing wood- 
lands . 

FESTIVAL HIGHLIGHTS- -Guy ton DeLoach, (upper left), addresses group. 
A variety of floats, typified by this one at upper right, featured 
parade. Queen and her court, (lower row, left), also were in parade. 
Happy Festival Chairman, (lower row, right), is bussed by Queen Ruth 
Thomas and Runner-up Barbara Kelly. 

Forestry leaders who gave 
special talks during the we- 
week-long observance included 
Kirk Sutlive, public rela- 
tions director, Union Bag 
and Paper Corporation, and 
Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Ocie Graham, of Ashtcn School, 
took first place in the 

county wide essay contest 
sponsored by the Keep Green 
Council . 

isi;- w € <"> *«9j- *M 




-v' 1 

Forestry Cent 

"D Day," the dedication day at 
the new Georgia Forestry Center, 
attracted more than 1, 200 persons. 

1. Some of the group registers at 
the special desk set up in the 
warehouse building. 

2. Charles Adams, left, and T. D. 
Persons, both of Macon, inspect 
management exhibit. 

3. Baldwin-Hancock Ranger Elmer 
Meeks treats one of the event' s 
"feature acts," Smokey, to a soft 

4. The Georgia forestry Commis- 
sion's Information and Education 
exhibits are displayed. 



Guyton DeLoach, Commission Di- 

2tor, addresses group. 
T. D. Chandler, left, and A. C. 

wis, both of Monroe, learn of 

>rgia' s woodland growth. 
Among dedication highlights was 

ia University of Georgia's large 

11 exhibit- 
Fire control and first aid ex- 

3it draws large crowd. 
Dr. B. Zak, Center, of the U. S. 

rest Service, conducts visitors 

"ough new laboratory and green- 

Photographs emphasize good 

lagement methods. 



100 Attend Sawmill 
Conference In Dalton 

Dozens of phases of saw- 
milling ranging from planting 
to marketing featured a re- 
cent conference at Dalton 
sponsored by the Tennessee 
Valley Authority, The Georgia 
Forestry Commission and the 
Georgia Extension Service. 

Attended by more than 100 
sawmillers, sawmill represen- 
tatives and foresters, the 
conference, held last month, 
was designated to acquaint 
men in the lumber and lumber 
harvesting field with methods 
of attaining greater profits 
from their sawmilling activi- 
ties . 

Douglas Kersh, of Dixie 
Building Supply Company, Dal- 
ton, opened the meeting, held 
at the Whitfield County For- 
estry Unit headquarters, by 
outlining the meeting's pur- 
pose. Guy ton DeLoach, Georgia 
Forestry Commission director, 
welcomed the group, and Charles 
B. West, of West Lumber Com- 
pany, Atlanta, was master of 
ceremonies . 

W. H. McComb, Georgia For- 
estry Commission management 
chief, described North Geor- 
gia's forest resources, and 
John W. Lehman, of TVA's Div- 

ision of Forestry Belations, 
described the types of trees 
currently harvested and the 
value of the lumber produced. 

Proposals for closer adher- 
ance to current grading regu- 
lations in order to compete 
more successfully with Douglas 
fir highlighted much of the 
discussion period. 

W. I. Dooly, of Conasauga, 
Tenn., and G. R. Rann, of 
Cleveland, Tenn., discussed 
this problem and other current 
lumber marketing problems and 
opportunities . 

Albert S. Boisfontaine , of 
the Southern Pine Inspection 
Bureau, New Orleans, told how 
lumber associations aid in 
the marketing of lumber. 

Ernest Clevenger, of Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn., led a panel 
discussion in which partici- 
pants were Mr. DeLoach, Mr. 
West, Mr. Dooly, Mr. Rann, Mr. 
Boisfontaine, A. L. Dyer, and 
J. B. Thomas. 

C. Dorsey Dyer, Extension 

Forester, Georgia Extension 

Service, summarized the ses- 

VELOPMENTS- -Albert Boisfontaine, 
Southern Pine Inspection Bureau, 
New Orleans, (top), discusses 
lumber marketing. Charles West, 
West Lumber Co., Atlanta, (low- 
er top) serves as master of cere- 
monies. John W. Lehman, TVA, 
(lower left) leads discussion. 
Ernest Clevenger, of Chattanooga, 
(lower right), addresses group. 

^Ue Rau+txlufL 

JANUARY, 1955 

Rangers In The News 

Reforestation in an eight-county 
Southeast Georgia area will be 
speeded through the efforts of a 
Savannah pulp manufacturing firm, 
four banks, and a mail-order re- 
tail store, according to Chat- 
ham County Ranger Ernest Edwards. 

Ranger Edwards said four tree 
planters have been offered for 
use in the eight county area by 
the Citizens and Southern Bank, 
Savannah Bank and Trust Company, 
the Liberty Bank and the Savannah 
Sears and Roebuck store. 

A quantity of dibbles also has 
been made available in the area 
by the Union Bag and Paper Cor- 
poration. The machines and equip- 
ment will be kept at the Chatham 
County Forestry Unit and loaned 
free to any landowner desiring 
to use them in Chatham, Bryan, 
Liberty, Evans, Chandler, Bulloch, 
Screven and Effingham Counties. 

RANGER SHOWS BOY SCOUT PLAOJUE-- Carroll Comty Ranger Burl Bivins 
shows one of the plaques which was presented to Boy Scout troops 
performing an outstanding task in forest fire prevention activi- 
ties in his cointy. Each Scout troop or post was given an oppor- 
tunity to sign Conservation Good Turn pledge sheets. Presentation 
of plaques was made at the annual Scout District dinner last month. 

Civic club spirit plus commun- 
ity cooperation equal an ex- 
cellent reforestation program, 
points out Henry County Ranger 

J.L. Baker, who cites the seed- 
ling program now under way in his 
county. The Forestry Unit head 
said that in his county the Ki- 
wanis Club, the Lions Club, the 
American Legion and the McDon- 
ouffh Chamber of Commerce are 
giving the seedlings in lots 
of 100 through the Forestry Unit 
to interested farmers and land- 
owners placing an order. Aim of 
the program is to encourage 
planting and increase forest 
acreage in the county. 

Up in Dade County, where for- 
est fires in 1953 occasioned a 
declaration of ''forest fire 
emergency' ' by the State For- 
ester, Ranger J. C. Pace is tak- 
ing steps to prevent a similar 
situation in the future. Since 
early this fall, Ranger Pace 
has been making systematic tours 
of the schools in his county, 
showing forest fire prevention 
films and giving "Keep Green'' 

The veteran Ranger reports an 
enthusiastic response to the pro- 
gram , particularly in the out- 
lying Lookout and Sand Mountain 

Schley County Ranger L. W. Ton- 
dee has devised a novel means of 
contacting citizens of his coun- 
ty whenever he appears at a 
control burn. The Ranger has 
mounted a public address system 
on his fire suppression vehicle, 
and whenever he appears at a 
control burn he gives a short 
talk to persons gathered in the 
area. The County Forestry Unit 
head advises the citizens first 
to notify their Ranger whenever 
they plan a control burn. He ad- 
vises them of the proper equip- 
ment to have on hand and cau- 
tions them to burn only after 
4 p. m. 

Georgia's Naval Stores 
Research Needs Outlined 

Research needs of Georgia' s 
$55,000,000 a year naval stores 
industry have been outlined by 
two Georgia Tech chemists in a 
recent Tech publication, ''The 
F'esearch Engineer.'' 

The chemists, T.A. Wastler and 
P.M. Daugherty, pointed out that 
Georgia '' the heart of the 
world's largest naval stores 
producing region, and the tur- 
pentine still... is a familiar 
sight in South Georgia.'' 

In the year ending March 31 . 
1954, according to the publi- 
cation, Georgia produced 137,600 
barrels (50 gallons each) of 
turpentine and 411,678 drums (517 
pounds each) of resin, with a 
net value to the producers alone 
of $21,500,000. Georgia's share 
was 77.4 per cent of the total 
United States production, which, 
in turn, was approximately 60 
per cent of the total world pro- 

The researchers reported, how- 
ever, that in the past five years, 
naval stores production has de- 
clined 44 per cent, suffering 
mainly from the competition of 
petrochemicals. Additional corn- 
pet ion was discovered in the form 
of the wood naval stores indus- 
try, which now produces twice 
as much turpentine and two and 
one half times as much resin as 
does the gum industry. 

The gum naval stores industry, 
according to the chemists, un- 
like its sister naval stores in- 
dustry, is highly sensitive to 
changes in the demand for its 
products. Selling prices of re- 
sin and turpentine also have 
limits controlled by the high 
cost of collecting oleoresin. 

The fact that the gum industry, 
unlike the wood naval stores in- 
dustry, is composed largely of 
small producers was listed as 

one of the problems in the way 
of large-scale research plans. 

A third phase of the naval 
stores industry also was cited 
as showing great promise- -the 
sulfate naval stores industry, 
which utilizes the products of 
kraft pulp and paper making. 

Main research projects which 
could aid the gum naval stores 
industry were listed as obtain- 
ingraw materials, improving pro- 
cessing methods, improving exis- 
ting products now being made and 
developing new products. 

Long range research programs 
which could be followed in the 
study of raw materials and ob- 
taining these materials also 

were listed. These included de- 
veloping better trees, finding 
better harvesting methods, bet- 
ter integrating naval stores 
practices with such activities 
as lumbering and grazing, and 
learning more about oleoresin. 

Short range research projects 
proposed by the authors included 
studying the effects of chemi- 
cal stimulation on tree growth 
and oleoresin yield and on the 
composition and properties of 
oleoresin, developing better chem- 
cal stimulants, and developing 
disposable cups for collecting 

Looking toward the future, the 
article declared, ''As studies 
produce results, the cost of pine 
gum as delivered to the still 
will go down, while the profit 
to the farmer will be maintained, 
and the products of the gum naval 
stores industry will be better 
able to compete with cheap pro- 
ducts from other industries.'' 

A/etu Gettt&i dedicated-- 

(Continued from. Page 2) 

division office, and the spraw- 
ling pine cone sheds which help 
provide new seed each year for 
Georgia's $750,000,000 a year 
forest industry. 

Exhibits especially prepared 
for the Open House tour included 
fire danger stations, a variety 
of forest fire suppression e- 
quipmentranging from back pumps 
to powerful bulldozers, graphic 
posters citing forest research 
needs and activities, recommend- 
ed forest management methods 
of Georgia's 24,000,000 acres 
of pine and hardwood lands. 

William P. Simmons, Macon bus- 
iness leader, was master of 
ceremonies at the dedication 
program, which was sponsored by 
the Farmers Club of the Macon 
Chamber of Commerce. Dr. A. G. 
Harris, pastor of First Presby- 
terian Church here, delivered 
the invocation, and C. W. Far- 
mer, Macon Chamber president, 

welcomed the group. Mr. Simmons 
introduced special guests. 

Erie T. Newsome Jr.,- the Cham- 
ber's forestry committee chair- 
man, introduced forestry offi- 
ciaJs, and Guy ton DeLoach, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission direc- 
tor, described operations of the 

Bibb Country Representative 
Demark Groover Jr. , introduced 
Governor Talmadge, who cited 
Georgia's climb ''from the bot- 
tom of the list to the top in 
the field of forest protect- 

Marianne Gillis, President of 
Georgia's 4-H Clubs, christened 
the new laboratory building of 
the seed testing center. Paul 
Yarbrough, President of the 
Georgia Association of Future 
Farmers of America, was her es- 

The ceremonies culminated with 
a Georgia style barbecue. 


{Continued from. Page 7) 
Their findings are referred 
to the Board of Directors 
for definite policy action. 
The a 11- day meeting on Wed- 
nesday, January 19, is open 
to SPCA membership and the 
public. Beginning with the 
annual president's address by 
B. V. Miles, Jr. , SPCA Pres- 
ident, the talk will be fol- 
lowed by the report 
of the General Mana- 
ger. J. E. McCaffrey, of In- 
ternational Paper Company, 
whowil] detail thebackground of 
the Association and trace its 
progress during these 15 
years . 

The afternoon program will 
be devoted to a discussion 
of the survey of forest re- 
sources for those states in 
the South which have been 
completed. This will be fol- 
lowed by another representa- 
tive of the industry, T. W. 
Earle, President, Gair Wood- 
lands, Inc., who was active 
in the early formation of the 
Association to develop the 
program to be undertaken in 
the future in order to keep 
pace with the increasing de- 
mand for pulpwood in the 
South. The afternoon's pro- 
gram will be completed by Dr. 
J . C. Brakef ie Id . 

The Board of Directors will 
hold its annual meeting Thur- 
sday morning, January 20, to 
discuss and approve plans 
for the coming year. 

thing from bloodhounds to forest 
management exhibits featured 
dedication services at the new 
Georgia Forestry Center last 
month. Bloodhounds, (top photo), 
which are used in tracking down 
forest fire arsonists, are held 
by Fire Control Chief H. E. Ruark. 
Many of the outstanding agencies 
cooperating with the Georgia For- 
estry Commission were featured 
in the Information and Education 
exhibit, ( middle photo ) . Visi- 
tors at the Forest Management 
exhibit have a first hand look 
at 1,000 board feet of sawlogs. 


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FEB 21 ]P C 5 




South's Economic Giant — Trees 

(From the Atlanta 
Two news items reveal the 
growing importance of the 
South's forests to the re- 
gion' sgenera 1 economy. Belated- 
ly but surely the people of 
the area are becoming aware 
of the immense importance to 
its industry and progress of 
trees . 

H. J. Malsberger, Atlanta, 
forester for the Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Associ- 
ation, points out that the 
South has 1.83,000,000 acres 
of commercially valuable 

trees providing employment 
for more than a half million 
workers in timber industries. 
The worker payroll adds up 
to $969,000,000 a year--with 
manufactured value of forest 
products amounting to 14.5 
per cent of total Southern 
industrial output. 

Last year 11 Southern states 
produced an estimated 11,730, 
000,000 feet of lumber- -32 
per cent of the total nation- 
al output. Of this amount, 


Georgia produced 2,240,000 
000 feet to lead the section. 
In addition, by the end of 
1955 it is estimated that 
the South will be producing 
at least 18,000,000 cords of 
pulpwood . 

According to Mr. Malsberger 
and other forestry experts, 
the potential has scarcely 
been touched. 

Progress is being made in 
forest conservation and culti- 
vation. Movement of the pulp 
and other wood- consuming in- 
dustries into the region is 
resulting in a region-wide 
program of fire protection 
and education in timber pro- 
duction. Forests are being 
treated as any other crop 
and income from trees is 
growing each year. 

Trees are one of the South's 
most important agricul- 

tural crops. It rapidly is 
becoming one of our most im- 
portant sources of steady 
incomes . 

Vol. 8 


February, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 2 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entereH as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Rhhard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

» * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. O. Box 169, 

DISTRICT 17— P. O. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 


(From the Ocilla Star) 

The Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion is setting a terrific pace 
in forest progress in the state. 

Right after chalking up a Sou- 
thern record by distributing 
some 100,000,000 tree seedlings 
to farmers and landowners over 
the state last season, they have 
set the production goals for the 
1954-55 season at 122,000,000 
tree seedlings. 

This will, of course, break 
the old record and put Georgia 
well into the forefront in that 
phase of its booming forestry 
program. But in other respects, 
the program has no equals. Geor- 
gia has a larger area of private- 
ly-owned timberlands under fire 
protection than any other state 
in the nation. The salesand direct- 
ly related manufacturing and 
processing incomes from our tim- 
berlands bolster the economy of 
Georgia something over $750,000, 
000 annually. 

Qui Gove* 

The place that living, verdant 
forests serve as a part of Goo* s 
outdoor sanctuary is emphasized 
in many portions of the Bible, 
as is the need for protecting 
those forests from the ravages 
of wildfire. From the early 
chapters of Genesis, which re- 
lated how the Lord grew "every 
tree that is pleasant to the 
sight" to the final book of the 
Bible, which relate how "it was 
commanded them that they should 
not hurt the grass of the earth, 
neither any green thing, neither 
any tree," the Scriptures con- 
tain many references to the 


Awards in Georgia's fourth an- 
nua] Keep Green contest will be 
made May 13 at the Bon Air Hotel 
in Augusta, Hugh Dobbs, Presi- 
dent, Georgia Forestry Associa- 
tion, which sponsors the contest, 
reported this month. 

Mr. Dobbs said the award will 
be made during the combined 

meetings of the Association, the 
Georgia Chapter, Society of Am- 
erican Foresters, and the Alumni 
chapter of the University of 
Georgia School of Forestry. 

''All contest participants,'' 
declared Mr. Dobbs, ''are being 
invited to this special award 
session. We want especially to 
invite county contest chairmen, 
county forest rangers, and all 
others who have taken an active 
part in the promotion of the 
Keep Green contests in their in- 
dividual counties.'' 

The Association head declared 
that although fewer counties are 
entered in the current contest 
than during the previous year, 
"...competition seems just as 
keen, if not more intense. 

Mr. Dobbs reported a special 
Association committee is select- 
ing a judging committee, and a 
report will be made shortly on 
date judging will begin. He said 
detailed inspections of all coun- 
ties participating will be made 
by the judges. These inspections 
will include both field trips to 
the counties and appraisals of 
records and scrapbooks kept by 
Keep Green committees on their 
contest participation. 

''Georgia's annual Keep Green 
contest,'' the President added, 
"has throughout the years at- 
tained prominence not only through- 
out the South, but through- 
out the nation as well. We hope 
at the 1955 awards presentation 
to have one of the largest groups 
ever assembled for such an oc- 

Improper Cutting Methods 
No. 1 Forestry Problem 

woods. This situation has, to a 
great extent, been brought about 
by the fact that too many areas 
in the past have been clear cut. 
On some lands, although not clear 
cut, the pines and the valu- 
able merchantable hardwoods have 
been removed to such an extent 
that the hardy cull hardwoods 
were able to 'take over' the 
land. This, more than any other 
factor, is responsible for the 
loss of those 800,000 acres of 
good pine areas in less than 
two decades. 

Pointing out the seriousness 
of the cull hardwood problem, 
the Commission official pointed 
out that since 1933, the volume 
in cull trees, (most of which 
are of hardwood species), has 
more than doubled. 

''Today'' he said, ''one out 
of every three live forest trees 
in Georgia one inch or larger is 
a cull tree. These trees occupy 
31 per cent of the available 
growing space. 

(Although this condition ex- 
ists over the entire state, it 
is particularly prevalent in the 
Central and Northern parts, where 
the pine sawtimber dropped near- 
ly 44 per cent in the past 18 
(Continued on Page 10) 

Clear cutting or excessive cutting of forestlands, left photo, 
too often is followed by the invasion of cull hardwoods, right 
photo. Selective cutting or immediate replanting in pine would 
have maintained productivity of the area. 


Improper cutting methods used 
on Georgia's forest lands con- 
stitute the state's No. 1 for- 
estry problem. 

So declared Guy ton DeLoach, 
Director, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, this month as he report- 
ed beginning of an intensive cam- 
paign throughout the state to 
eradicate the problem. 

Citing the recent federal for- 
est survey made in Georgia, the 
new biennial report of the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, released 
last month, substantiated re- 
ports of the place which poor 
cutting occupies in the forestry 
problems facing the state. 

The biennial report showed that 
forest area in Georgia has been 
increased by 2,500,000 acres in 
the last 18 years. 

''Although this increase in 
itself,' said DeLoach, "is a 
heartening fact, we have been 
challenged by a discouranging fact- 
the pine areas, which grow most 
of our pulpwood, sawtimber and 
other wood products, have de- 
clined 800,000 acres since 1936. 

' 'In the place of these pines, " 
he explained, "have come many 
of far less valuable cull hard- 


500 Attend SPCA 
Annual Meeting 

More than 500 representatives 
of the South' s pulp and paper 
industry and of allied forestry 
fields, including state, federal 
and private, gathered in Atlanta 
last month to attend the annual 
meeting of the Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association. 

K. S. Towbridge, Woodlands Man- 
ager, North Carolina Pulp Com- 
pany, presided at the southwide 
session - - a meeting in which 
the Association's accomplish- 
ments were reviewed by R. V. 
Miles Jr. , Association president, 
and H. J. Malsberger, SPCA 
Forester and General Manager. 

T. W. Earle, President, Gair 
Woodlands Inc., Savannah, and a 
past president of the Associa- 
tion, reviewed the forestry con- 
ditions existing in the pulp and 
paper industry of the South 15 
years ago. He also traced the 
progress of the organization's 
industrial forestry program dur- 
ing this period. 

Those attending the meeting 
heard a comprehensive summary 

NUAL MEETING--N. W. Sentell, 
Southern Advance Bag and Paper 
Co., Hodge, La., left, and K. S. 
Trowbridge, North Carolina Pulp 
Co., Plymouth, N. C. , recently 
were elected vice president and 
president, respectively, of the 
Southern Pulpwood Conservation 

by E. L. Demmon and Philip R. 
Wheeler of the recent resurveys 
of the forest condition in sev- 
eral of the southern states. The 
speakers represented the Forest 
Experiment Station of the U. S. 
Forest Service, located at Ash- 
ville, N. C. , and New Orleans, 

''Future expansion of the ra- 
pidly expanding southern pulp- 
wood industry, now valued at 
nearly two bill ion dollars,'' de- 
clared Mr. Demmon, ''depends up- 
on a continuing supply of wood. 

J. E. McCaffrey, recently nam- 
ed Vice President of Interna- 
tional Paper Company, Mobile, 
Ala. , told the group that a re- 
cent study of the wood require- 
ments of the United States in 
1957 indicated nearly a 100 per 
cent increase in production of 
pulpwood from southern forests. 

Mr. McCaffrey, one of the or- 
ganizers of SPCA , described 
steps he believed the Associa- 
tion will have to take to assure 
this additional 14 to 16 million 
cords of pulpwood in the next 
15 to 20 years. 

Dr. J. L. Rrakefield, of the 
Liberty National Life Insurance 
Company, Birmingham, Ala. , dis- 
cussed important contributions- 
industry can make to the economy 
through a united effort repre- 
sented in Association activity. 

A workshop covering prepara-- 
tions and placement of the Asso- 
ciation' s informational material 
highlighted one of the main ses- 

K. S. Trowbridge, North Caro- 
lina Pulp Co., Plymouth, N. C. , 
was elected president of the 
association late Wednesday, and 
N. W. Sentell, Southern Advance 
Bag and Paper Co., Hodge, La., 
was elected vice president. 

Union Bag 


The Union Bag and Paper Corp- 
oration Forestry Scholarship 
Award offered annually to a Fut- 
ure Farmer in Georgia has been« 
increased to a maximum of $4,000 
for a four year course of col- 
lege study. 

Basically, the new plan offers 
$600 annually plus the cost of 
tuition at the forestry school 
•of the student's choice. However, 
the total grant is not to exceed 
$1,000 per year. Winners may at- 
tend any accredited school of 
forestry in the eastern half of 
the United States, subject to 
the approval of the awards com- 

All forestry scholarship stu- 
dents presently at the Univer- 
sity of Georgia will receive 
this increase, effective with 
the start of the scholastic year. 

BIG TREE- -Gilmer County Ranger 
J.L. Dover emphasizes the size 
of the champion "big tree" in 
the remote mountain area of his 
county. It is estimated that 
the tree, a Yellow Poplar, was 
standing when Columbus landed. 



"Only You Can Prevent Forest Fires!" 

1955 GtyQP GcvmpcU<t+t PuHjneUUuj, 

God gave us this. 

Don't you give us this! 

&e*»<&H<Ae/Lr Only you can 


The 1955 Cooperative Forest 
Fire Prevention Campaign, spon- 
sored by State Foresters in co- 
operation with the U. S. Forest 
Service, will feature Smokey 
Bear on posters, mats, stamps, 
car cards, blotters, bookmark- 
ers, in displays and on radio 
and television recordings bring- 
ing this year's forest fire pre- 
vention message to millions here 
in Georgia and throughout the 

The CFFP campaign, a public 
service project of the Adver- 
tising Council, Inc., is based 
on the constant reminder that 
' 'Only You Can Prevent Forest 

The new Campaign Basic Poster 
shows several small animals -a 
deer, some birds and bear cubs - 
playing in their green forest 
home and above the picture is 
written ''God Gave Us This...' 
Pictured immediately below is 
the same forest after devasta- 
tion by wildfire, with the cap- 
tion "Don't You Give Us This!" 
Smokey FBear stands at the lower 
corner of the poster admonishing, 
' 'Remember -- Only You Can Pre- 
vent Forest Fires.'' 

On the Fire Prevention Rules 
Poster, Smokey points out the 
four good outdoor habits for 
everyone -'' break your matches, 
crush your cigarettes, drown 
your campfires and be careful 
with any fire. 

The Basic Poster and the Rules 
Poster are printed in four col- 
ors, 13x18/^ inches in size, and 
are available in paper, card- 
board, waterproof cardboard, and 
one and two column newspaper 

"Repeat After Me: I Will Be 
Careful'' is Smokey' s request on 
the Pledge Easel. Printed on hea- 
vy cardboard in four colors, 
12x14 inches, the easel is self- 
standing and is ideal for dis- 
play in banks, store windows and 
other public places. 

Car and bus cards reemphasize 
the "Good Outdoor Habits'' of 
the Rules Poster. The cards, 21 x 
11, are printed for nation-wide 
display in transit ad space and 
are available in limited quant- 
ities for special use. 

Smokey asks for help in pre- 
venting forest fires on the col- 
orful Poster Stamps for station- 
ery. Stamps are prepared in 
sheets of 80, size 1%x15/8 each, 
and the design is adapted also 
for two-color bookmarkers and 


Good Outdoor Habits for Everyone ! 





West Company Answers 
Hardwood Question 

How to reduce the drain on 
North Georgia forests and at the 
same time maintain profitable 
production from plants repre- 
senting hundreds of thousands of 
dollars in investment is a prob- 
lem confronting many forest pro- 
ducts manufacturers in the region. 

It's a problem that has been 
licked by the West Lumber Com- 
pany, Atlanta, at its Doraville 

Back in 1947 Charles B. West, 
now president of the company, 
began to anticipate that the pine 
sawlog situation would get worse 
before it improved. He felt that 
a period of curtailed pine pro- 
duction would be necessary in 
North Georgia] until the current 
forestry efforts by the state and 
industry had a chance to bear 
fruit in terms of new and con- 
tinuous crops of sawlogs. 

The obvious solution was to 
preach and practice forestry ef- 
fectively and shift to the manu- 
facture of hardwood, which was 
replacing many of the pine stands. 
But how to reach that goal was 
not so obvious. 

Last year, after more than sev- 
en years of research, the West 
Lumber Company introduced to the 
market a new product: Westcraft- - 
The Solid Wood Paneling. 

Westcraft offers the world's 
largest selection- -more than 50 
varieties -- of paneling. Where 
knotty pine has become quite com- 
mon in dens, kitchens, etc., 
Westcraft now affords the home- 
owner such pleasing varieties as 
ash, beech, birch, cherry, chest- 
nut, cypress, elm, gum, maple, 
oak and walnut. 

Even wood such as honey locust, 
sassafras and willow, for which 
there was formerly little if any 
commercial marke' , is being made 
into beautiful and unusual pan- 

To make Westcraft even more 
appealing to the buyer, West 
cuts the paneling to uniform 
lengths conforming to standard 
ceiling heights, thus eliminating 
waste for the buyer. Paneling 
packages are wrapped in heavy, 
protective kraft to prevent dam- 
age, and a complete line of 
matched mouldings is made in 
each wood so rooms may be trimmed 
out properly. 

The concentration yard at Dora- 
ville, formerly accepting only 
pine from the small mills of the 
region, now is almost two- thirds 
converted to the production of 
hardwood. Through careful sea- 
soning and manufacture, even 
some of the lower grades are made 
into delightful paneling with 
the full benefit of character 

Westcraft paneling now is sold 
by retail lumber dealers through- 
out Georgia and in surrounding 
states, and the demand promises 
to become nationwide. In early 
February, by popular demand from 
the trade, more than 50 door- 
sized panels of Westcraft were 
shipped to Chicago for display 
in a building material show. 

''We're delighted with the re- 
ception of Westcraft,'' observes 
Mr. West, ' ' because it has en- 
abled us to keep our plant busy 
while reducing our pine produc- 
tion and utilizing some of the 
plentiful hardwoods. ,: 

As for preaching and practicing 
forestry effectively, the company 
launched in 1952 a forest man- 
agement program for timberland 
owners that is unique in the 
state industry. 

The company provides free for- 
est management supervision for 
landowners desiring to start 
long-range programs on an in- 
formal arrangement with the com- 
pany. Trained company foresters, 
at no cost to the owner, super- 
vise boundary -marking, timber 

Careful manufacture following proper 
seasoning, makes possible the manufacture [ 
of beautiful paneling even from some of 
the lower grade hardwoods that abound in 
North Georgia. 

A million feet of nardwood are kept on 
the yard at al 1 times. Seasoning process 
is completed in dry kilns prior to manu- 
facture into paneling. 

stand improvement, and planting 
of idle acreage. They also re- 
commend cutting cycles and har- 
vesting practices. 

The owner pays only for the 
common labor involved, and as 
the timber becomes ready for 
harvest the company follows 
through to see that cutting is done 
properly and pays the owner cur- 
rent market prices for the stump- 

:iculous grading and remanufacture to remove detects insures customer 

Matched mouldings are available for every specie of Westcraft 
aneling. The lack of such mouldings was one readon so few 
ypes of wood were formerly used for paneling. 

A representative variety of 
Westcraft selections is checked 
off by L. C. Hart, Jr., chief 
forester for West. He was form- 
erly with the Georgia Forestry 

Actual samples of the more than 50 West- 
A craft varieties are displayed throughout the 
state in the attractive sample boxes sholvn 

< We4tcn&ft $$^ 

GILMER COUNTY KEEP GREEN MEETING -- Featuring a recent gathering 
of Keep Green enthusiasts in Ellijay were discussions of Georgia' s 
forest situation, forest management tips, and profitable sawmilling 
practices. In photo above, left, Farm Forester Floyd Hubbard, Rome, 
explains Georgia' s timber supply, present and future, as revealed 
by the recent forest survey. In right photo, John Hinton, TVA For- 
ester, Chattanooga, gives pointers in hardwood management. 

KeefL Qeatetia, Qiee*t WeeJz 

Thousands of Georgians this 
month will pay tribute to their 
state's number one agricultural 
crop - - trees - - as they observe 
the annual Keep Georgia Green 

Decreed by Governor S. Marvin 
Griffin in one of the first of- 
ficial proclamations of his new 
administration, Keep Green Week 
this year is being observed Feb- 
ruary 13-19. 

Special programs and demonstra- 
tions are being planned in many 
communities, with agricultural 
organizations, civic clubs, and 
schools taking the lead. In many 
areas forestry films will be 
shown, and demonstrations are 
planned to cover such forestry 
topics as re forest rat ion, fire 
prevention and suppression and 

Counties participating in the 
Georgia Forestry Association's 
annual Keep Green contest are 
expected to give special signi- 
ficance to the week's events. 
Hugh Dobbs, Association presi- 
dent, pointed out that the con- 
test objectives and the factors 
behind observance of Keep Green 
week ' ' complement one another 

''Participating counties,'' he 
added, 'have found during pre- 
vious years that a Keep Green 

week program highlighting the 
values of our forests and our 
forest products has proved es- 
pecially beneficial in attaining 
over-all objectives set up by 
the individual contest commit- 
tees. ' ' 

Tree planting programs also 
were slated to hold the spot- 
light during Keep Green week as 
schoolchildren throughout the 
state observe Georgia's annual 
Arbor Day program Friday, Febru- 
ary 18. County Forest Rangers 
early this month were busy dis- 
tributing Arbor Day manuals pre- 
pared by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission for classroom use- 
The manuals give a brief history 
of Arbor Day and contain sug- 
gested school Arbor Day programs 
and readings. 

Forest fire prevention themes 
are to be presented to school 
youths, with fundamentals of 
prevention work being stressed 
by teachers, Rangers, County Ag- 
ents and other agricultural 

Rangers throughout the state 
also reported that many church 
groups are expected to make re- 
ference to the special Keep Green 
week at services on February 
13, opening date of the special 
week, with the conservation theme 
highlighting many of the Sunday 

KG Editions 

Continuing support of Georgia's 
press in the forestry program 
of the state during recent months 
has been evidenced by an increas- 
ing number of newspapers issuing 
Keep Green editions. 

These special editions, print- 
ed usually with green ink or on 
green paper, carry comprehensive 
reports and articles on the for- 
estry program in the county in 
the newspaper's area. Special 
forestry photographs and adver- 
tisements supplement the issues. 

Forestry ad mats are supplied 
the newspapers without cost by 
the Cooperative Forest Fire Pre- 
vention program and by the Amer- 
ican Forest Products Industries 
organization. Each issue carries 
features on such topic as refor- 
estation, forest fire prevention 
and suppression, and forest man- 

Included among newspapers is- 
suing Keep Green editions recent- 
ly were the Fitzgerald Herald, 
the Fitzgerald Leader, the Gor- 
don County News, the Jeff Davis 
County Ledger, the Tifton Ga- 
zette, the Fannin County Times, 
the Cedartown Standard, the Ca- 
toosa County Record, the Rax ley 
News-Ranner, the Dal ton News, 
the Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, 
the Clayton Tribune, the Swains- 
boro Forest Rlade, the Talbotton 
New Era, the Winder News, and 
the Rutler Herald. 

The Jeff Davis County Ledger 
last year issued its sixth 
annual Keep In en edition. 

Praise to editors and staff of 
those newspapers issuing Keep 
Green editions during 1954 came 
from Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, who 
termed their cooperation, ''...a 
wonderful boost for forestry, 
not only in the local areas, but 
throughout the state as well.'' 

Rangers In 
The News 

Clarke County Ranger Armand 
Cote is a firm believer in giv- 
ing praise where praise is due- 
- especially where fire suppres- 
sion is involved. The Ranger, 
reporting recently in an issue 
of the Athens Banner-Herald, told 
of a fire which started when a 
hunter lit a fire in the base of 
a hollow tree to smoke out a coon 
The fire burned in the tree 
hollow until another hunter no- 
ted the smoke, reported the fire 
to the Clarke County Forestry 
Unit, and led the unit to the 

''Here,'' commented Ranger Cote 
in the newspaper article, ''we 
have the ideal sportsman, one 
who gave up some of his valuable 
hunting time to report, lead-in 
and help fight a tree fire that 
could have spread throughout a 
large area before being brought 
under control. To that man, we 
owe a sincere 'thanks'.'' 

ULUP CHECK TIME FOR AERIAL PATROL-- A second District- aerial patrol 
includes a close map checking of forested areas in the areas flown 
by pilot Don Ryder. The group includes, (left to right), C. J. 
McLeod, of Camilla, Assistant District Forester, Georgia Forestry 
Commission; Carlton Cranford, Mitchell Couity Patrolman, and Ryder. 
Assistant Patrolman Melvin Jones is seated on pickup. Aerial 
patrol is one of the Georgia Forestry Commission's most powerful 
weapons in the fight against forest fires. 

BANK PRESENTS PLANTER- -Citizens of Lowndes County and surrounding 
areas who wish to plant seedlings now can avail themselves of one 
of the newest type planters on the market. The Citizens and 
Southern Bank of Valdosta presented the planter to the Lowndes 
County Forestry Unit, which will schedule the machine for use by 
farmers and landowners. In left photo, the ownership deed is pre- 
sented. The group includes, left to right, Lowndes County Ranger 
W. W. Wright, James Blanchard, Vice President of the Valdosta C. & 
S. Bank; G. P. Robinson, Chairman, Lowndes County Forestry Board, 
and Harley Langdale, Lowndes County Forestry Board member. Joe 
Hough, Patrolman, Lowndes County Forestry Unit, is in background. 
In right photo, the machine is given a field trial. 

m i vc* 

V- fa 


W^. T W £ 


STEPS IN HANDLING 'THE BIG CROP --The Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion's four nurseries now are working at top speed lifting, pack- 
aging, and shipping the record breaking crop of 120,000,000 forest 
tree seedlings. Typical of current nursery activities are these 
scenes at the Hightower and Davisboro Nurseries. Photo 1 -- a 
special tractor blade cuts underneath the beds, loosening seedlings 
from soil. Photo 2 -- workers lift seedlings. Photo 3 -- seedlings 
are transported from field to packing house. Photo 4 -- seedlings 
are graded and wrapped in packages, 100 to a bundle. Photo 5 -- 
Buster Harris, Hightower Superintendent, inspects seedlings 

Dozens of Georgians are ex- 
pected to be among those attend- 
ing the 1955 Southern Forestry 
Conference at Edgewater Park, 
Miss., March 3-4, J. W. Myers, 
Secretary-Forester, Forest Farm- 
ers Association, sponsoring or- 
ganization, announced this month. 

Mr. Myers reported Dr. R. C. S. 
Young, of the Atlanta Division, 
University of Georgia, and Mis- 
sissippi's Governor Hugh White 
will be among featured speakers. 

Governor White, an ardent con- 
servationist, will present the 
conference keynote address at 
opening ceremonies on Thursday, 
March 3. 

Dr. Young, one of the South 's 
outstanding public speakers, 
will be featured at the annual 
banquet on Friday night, March 
4. ''Scotty'' Young, as he is 
better know, will speak on 
''Why I am An American.'' 

The program theme, 'Forest 
Farming for 1955,'' will feature 
a large group of forestry ex- 
perts. Conference headquarters 
will be the Edgewater Gulf Ho- 
tel, midway between Gulfport and 

Conference activities, in ad- 
dition to the annual luncheon 
and banquet, include tours of 
the Gulf Coast area, door pri- 
zes, and a special women's pro- 
gram. Conferees also have been 
invited by the U. S. Forest Ser- 
vice to attend a dedication of 
its newly-established Southern 
Institute of Forest Genetics on 
Thursday afternoon, March 3. 

The conference will open at 10 
a.m. Thursday, March 3, with the 
association luncheon. In the af- 
ternoon the conferees will visit 
the Southern Institute of Forest 
(Continued on Page 10) 

Scouts Attend 

More than 70 Negro Boy Scouts 
from the Albany-Smithville-Lees- 
burg area recently attended a 
special conservation and fores- 
try demonstration stressing the 
triple themes of reforestation, 
forest management and fire con- 
trol. The demonstration site was 
Camp Potter, six miles south of 

Instructors were Ranger Wal- 
lace Binns, Doughery County For- 
estry Unit; J. D. Davis, Dough- 
erty County Agent, Douglas Pope, 
Dougherty County Soil Conserva- 
tion Service technician, Royce 
Middleton, SCS Soil Scientist; 
M. E. Murphy, Superintendent, 
Georgia Forestry Commission's 
Herty Nursery; J. V. Hatcher, 
Patrolman, Dougherty County For- 
es ty Unit, and B. J. Smith, As- 
sistant Patrolman. 

The demonstration stressed the 
national Boy Scout annual theme 
of conservation. LeRoy Starett, 
Field Executive, Chehaw Council, 
BSA, witnessed the event. Negro 
adult leaders present included 
Rev. M. F. Adams, Divisional 
Committeeman, Willie Baily, Div- 
isional Chairman, and Walter 
Petete, Chairman, Camping and 
Activity Committee. 

The Scouts were given an op- 
portunity to plant seedlings and 
to extinguish a small forest 

{Continued from. Page 2) 

Genetics and attend the dedica- 
tion ceremonies. The Forest Far- 
mers board meeting will be held 
that night. 

Friday, March 4, will be taken 
up with sessions in the morning 
and afternoon, followed by the 
annual banquet that evening. 

Mr. Myers said hotel reserva- 
tions should be made as soon as 

SCOUTING SCENES- -M. E. Murphy, Superintendent, Herty Superinten- 
dent, Herty Nursery, (left), tells Scouts from the Albany-Smith- 
vill e-Leesburg area how seedlings are handled at the nurseries. 
Scouts, photo at right, learn ha i planting. 

possible direct to Mrs. Nan Meis- 
ner, Covention Manager, Edge - 
water Park, Miss. Rates average 
$4.50 to $8.00 single, and $3.50 
to $6.00 per person for twin 
bedrooms. Suites are also avail- 

No. 1 Problem-- 

(Continued from Page 2) 

years. Even in the more produc- 
tive pine lands of South Georgia, 
where sawtimber did show an in- 
crease, better forestry practices 
could have boosted the yield far 
higher. ) 

Mr. De loach said foresters from 
state, federal and private agen- 
cies today are engaged in mapping 
an over all program to combat 
the current forest situation -- 
a situation in which Georgia's 
woodlands are only producing at 
one-half of capacity. 

' 'Here in the Commission, ' 
said the Director, ''we are en- 
gaged in an extensive program of 
familiarizing farmers and land- 
owners with practical methods 
of removing cull hardwoods and 
replacing them with the more 
profitable and faster growing 
pine species. 

Finding a dollars and cents we 

use for these cull hardwoods,'' 
he added, ''also would be of 
large benefit to the state and 
to the individual farmer and 
landowner; and it is with that 
thought in mind that the Commis- 
sion's future plans call for re- 
search work aimed at finding such 
a use . 

A Georgia Forestry Commission 
Farm Forester is assigned to each 
of the 10 forestry districts in 
the state. A management assistant 
aids the Management Chief and 
supplements the work of the 10 
Farm Foresters. Another Commis- 
sion management assistant serves 
as technical forester for the 
Department of State Parks. 

''Any Georgia farmer or land- 
owner," said W. H. McComb, Com- 
mission Management Chief, 'is 
advised to call on the services 
of any of these Farm Foresters 
for aid and advice on proper cut- 
ting methods for their woodlands. 
Their services are available free 
of charge, and the only cost be- 
ing a small deposit put up by 
the landowner which is returned 
after the cutting has been done 
according to prescribed specifi- 
cations. The farmer or landowner 
who avails himself of these ser- 
vices can be assured of dollars 
and cents profits for his wood- 
lands, not only at the present 
time, but in future years as 


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Aeia look Qo* Qote&U 

(From the Valdosta Daily Times) 

The Georgia forests 
are centuries old but they 
are fast acquiring a ''new 
look' ' . 

Overhead forester-air- 
men spray them with in- 
secticides, and are vigi- 
lant for fire. Among the 
trees move strange ma- 
chines. And in the forest 
labyrinth, scientists with 
all their new devices are 
hard at work. 

The cumulative result 
of these activities is that 
in spite of the ceaseless 
drain for wood and wood 
products, net annual growth 
of the Georgia forests now 
exceeds commodity removal 
by 16 percent. This is the 
outstanding omen for the 
future of Georgia's South- 
ern Pine industry. 

The Georgia forests 
contain enough sawtimber 
to build several million 
frame dwel 1 ings. 

These figures ma^ seem 
fantastic, but the Georgia 
lumbermen are bent on a- 
chieving even higher goals. 

Nor are they content 
with present measures how- 
ever effective the results. 
In conjunction with other 
agencies, they are con- 
ducting studies in the 
field of forest genetics, 
with the ultimate objective 
of developing a strain of 
''super' ' trees that will 
grow almost anywhere and 
which will yield wood pro- 
ducts even superior to the 
fine ones coming out today. 

Vol. 8 


March, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 3 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan ...Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS _... Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 


Another First 

(From the Vidalia Advance) 

Figures for 1953, recent- 
ly released, show that Georgia 
led the South that year in 
lumber production. The state' s 
production amounted to 2,240, 
000,000 board feet. This was 
an increase of 159,000,000 
board feet over the previous 

The production of soft- 
woods was far larger than other 
kinds, amounting to 1,917,000, 
000 board feet. This was a gain 
of 176,000,000 board feet over 

Income from forest pro- 
ducts industries in Georgia now 
amounts to S750,000,000 annually 
Since 1948 Georgia has led the 
South in the production of pulp- 
wood and has expanded its naval 
stores production. 

Today forest products in- 
dustries in the state employ 
175,000,000 persons compared 
with 120,000,000 in 1948. 

This growth of the forest 
industries is starking i 1 1 us - 
stration of the tremendous 
strides Georgia is making. 

Out Cove* 

The atomic age finds foresters 
also probing into the unknown 
and planning for a brighter era 
in timber production. One such 
project now underway in Georgia 
is the development of superior 
trees through the grafting of 
twigs from selected trees to the 
stems of superior seedlings. 

Here Dr. Bratislav Zak, Macon 
Research Center Project Leader, 
seals a graft while the backdrop 
of genetics Chinese" suggests 
that physicists are not the only 
ones who delve in symbols and 
mystics to find solutions. 

MARCH, 1955 


With Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission nurseries approaching 
the end of the 1954- ' 55 forest 
tree seedling shipping season, 
nursery superintendents re- 
ported 111,601,404 seedlings 
have been shipped thus far 
from the four Commission nur- 
series. It is expected that 
by the time final inventories 
will have been made, total 
nursery shipments will come to 
approximately 114 or 115 mil- 
lion seedlings. 

Highest production was re- 
corded at Davisboro Nursery in 
Washington County. There, ac- 
cording to Superintendent Mack 
Neal, 35,568,781 seedlings 
have thus far been shipped. 
Hightower Nursery in Dawson 
County, which provides the 
majority of forest tree seed- 
lings shipped to the North 
Georgia area, had shipped 
19,093,050 seedlings by the 
clcse of February, according 
to Superintendent Buster 


Veteran Nursery Superinten- 
dent W. E. Murphy reported 
shipments thus far at the 
Herty Nursery near Albany have 
totalled 26,393,208 seedlings; 
and the Commission's newest 
nursery, Horseshoe Bend, in 
South Georgia's Wheeler County, 
has shipped 30,546,365 seed- 
lings. J. K. Jones is Super- 
intendent of Horseshoe Fend 

Slash and loblolly pine 
once again proved the most 
popular of the species. The 
four nurseries have shipped 
84,905,923 slash pine and 
24,897,506 loblolly. 

Most Of Georgia's Plants 
Utilize Forest Products 

More than half of 
Georgia's manufacturing 
plants are engaged in mak- 
ing lumber and lumber pro- 
ducts; and the state now is 
third in the South and 
fifth in the nation in the 
number of firms manufactur- 
ing such products. 

These facts, reported 
in a recent survey issued 
by the U. S. Department of 
Commerce, cited the high 
position which Georgia now 
holds in the lumber manu- 
facturing world. 

The report showed that 
3,500 of 6,600 manufactur- 
ing industries in the State 
were engaged in the manu- 
facture of lumber and lum- 
ber products. The only 
states with more lumber 
firms were New York, with 
4,100; North Carolina, with 
3, 7 00; California, with 
3,700; and Oregon, 4, 100. 

In other manufacturing 
operations, Georgia was 
listed as having 800 food 

plants, 600 engaged in tex- 
tile, apparel and leather 
activities, 600 in printing 
and publishing, 40 in the 
manufacture of metals and 
its products and 700 
o thers . 

Georgia's high rate of 
lumber manufacturing helped 
contri bute toward the 
state's third place ranking 
in the South and thirteenth 
in the United States in the 
number of manufacturing 
plants now in operation. 

The tabulations were 
issued by the Commerce De- 
partment's Office of Busi- 
ness Economics in Washing- 
ton. They credited Georgia 
with a total of 6,600 manu- 
facturing plants. This was 
exceeded only by North 
Carolina's 7 ( 400 and Texas' 
10,200 in the South, and 
those of Massachusetts, 
New Jersey, New York, Penn- 
sylvania, Illinois, Michi- 
gan, Missouri, Ohio, Wis- 
consin, and California 
elsewhere in the nation. 

such as these are among the 3500 plants in the state which use wood 
as raw material and serve as the basis of a $750 million industry. 


Newton Demonstration 

'Growing trees for bigger 
profits'' was the theme of a 
Newton county forestry demon- 
stration last month in which 
more than 75 citizens from that 
area were shown latest methods 
of good woodlot management. 

Held on the farm of 
Robert McGiboney north of 
Oxford, the demonstration 
featured talks and presen- 
tations by personnel of the 
Fourth District Office, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, and 
by Newton County Ranger Carl 

County Agent W. H. McKinney 
was master of ceremonies. 

The demonstration leaders 
earlier had thinned one tenth 
of an acre of forestland on 
the McGiboney farm. The thin- 
ning, performed on a stand 
ap proximately 28 years old, 
yielded 19 cords per acre 

of pulpwood and left 170 
trees per acre on the area 
to produce additional tree crops 
in the future. 

John Hammond, Farm Fores- 
ter, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, described the thinning 
operation and told how services 
of the Commission's 10 farm 
foresters can be obtained free 
of charge for planting, insect 
and disease, and marketing ad- 
vice and for marking. 

District Forester Curtis 
Barnes conducted a hardwood 
eradication demonstration and 
pointed out the statewide prob- 
lem in cull hardwoods existing 
today. Several methods of hard- 
wood eradication were shown. 

R. Wayne Manning, Assis- 
tant District Forester in 
charge of fire control, and 
Ranger Dennis conducted a 
planting demonstration and 
described best methods of 
pi anting. 

Waycross Bank 
To Honor Pine 

"The bank that pine trees 
built," the First National Bank 
of Waycross, will honor the tree 
that has been its source of 
strength and growth during many 

On a specially reserved 
plot on the parking lot the 
bank has planted and will keep 
growing a selected Slash Pine 
which will stand through the 
years as a symbol of the jobs, 
payrolls, commerce and economic 
power that is embodied in the 
pinelands of Ware County and 
Southeast Georgia. 

The honors will be extended 
in ceremonies to take place at 
the bank on March 22 in which 
the growing tree will be form- 
ally unveiled and dedicated. 

Principal speaker for 
the occasion will be Guyton 
DeLoach, Director of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 

DEMONSTRATION SCENES- -Curtis Barnes, District Forester of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission's Newnan office, (feft photo), tells 
Newton County citizens how rapidly trees grow in their area when 
wildfire is kept out and good forest management methods are used. 
Farm Forester John Hammond, (right photo), shows spacing of tree^. 
rings to illustrate how good cutting releases trees for more rapid 

DEDICATION SCENES- -Muscogee County officials, 
(photo at left), get acquainted with some of the 
leaders of the Junior Rangers Club. The group in- 
cludes, left to right, Billy Logan, County Commis- 
sioner Roy Waller Sr. , Chief Lloyd Booth, of Mus- 
cogee County Volunteer Fire Department, and Donald 

Ellis. Mrs. Virginia Waddell, (right photo), 
smashes a bottle of Chattahoochee River water 
against the new building in dedication ceremonies. 
Looking on, left to right, are Ranger Floyd Cook, 
Donald Ellis, Forestry Board Chairman Fred H. 
Schomberg, and District Forester 01 in Witherington. 

Jj/uhMi (latMfel Glub ctiawle dedicated 

Country music, barbecue, 
and a rousing tribute to the 
Chattahoochee Valley citizens 
who made possible the Smokey 
Bear Junior Forest Ranger Club 
and Camp highlighted ceremon- 
ies dedicating the organiza- 
tion's new club house in Mus- 
cogee County last month. 

Tribute also was paid Ban- 
ger Floyd M. Cook and his Mus- 
cogee County Forestry Unit 
personnel, who, between fight- 
ing fires in the county and 
performing the many other 
tasks which fall upon a County 
Unit, found time to construct 
the building and to organize 
the club--only one of its kind 
in the Southeast. 

Mrs. Virginia Waddell, who 
donated the land on which the 
structure was built as well as 
some of the surrounding fo- 
restland which will serve as a 
''workshop'* for the Junior 
Rangers, also received tribute 
at the event and was present 
to open the clubhouse offici- 
ally by smashing a bottle of 
the Chattahoochee River's 

''clearest and coldest'' a- 
gainst the building. 

The Rev. Ernest M. Al tman 
delivered the invocation. Ran- 

ger Cook introduced guests and 
read a list of 100 firms and 
individual s--some as far away 
as mid-Alabama — which had do- 
nated materials for the camp. 

District Forester 01 in 

Witherington, of Americus, ex- 
pressed appreciation of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
for the interest taken in fo- 
restry activities by citizens 
of the Chattahoochee Valley. 
The District Forester describ- 
ed services provided by the 
Commission and told of future 
plans of the Commission in the 
Val 1 ey area. 

Television performer "Spec* 
Wright and his band provided 
music, and barbecue was fur- 
nished by the Muscogee County 
Volunteer Fire Fighters organ- 

COUNTRY TUNES- -PLENTY OF BARBECUE- -Spec Wright andhisboys, (left 
photo), provide music as Ranger Floyd Cook, right photo, serves 
barbecue. In the "receiving" line are Mrs. Virginia Waddell and 
Bobby Wilson. 

ization, under direction of 
Chief Lloyd Booth. Ben Par- 
sons, of WRPL-TV, was master 
of ceremonies. 

The building includes a 
long room equipped with living 
room furniture and is large 
enough for at least 25 cots, a 
kitchen, two bathrooms, a 
shower room, storage rooms and 
an office. 

The Muscogee County Junior 
Forest Ranger organization was 
formed 18 months ago. Members 
carry out modern-day forestry 
practices. A summer camp is 
planned, during which forestry 
courses will be taught and 
junior forest rangers will be 
given practical instruction in 
various phases of forestry. 



1. Floyd County's "Mr. Forest 
Fire Protection," Ranger G. W. 
Boggs, has headed the Floyd For- 
estry Unit since its inception 
I8V2 years ago. 

2. Ranger Boggs starts up a 
tower ladder to check with his 
towerman. No smoke must go un- 
checked in Floyd County. 

and Mrs. Boggs shown in their 
usual day' s work as they check 
reports and records. 

To Fish, Sleep And Eat 

When George Washington Boggs 
' 'Mr. Forest Fire Protection 
of Floyd County'' by reputa- 
tion, steps down next month 
from the position of County 
Forest Ranger, he will make 
the last entry in an outstand- 
ing 18 and one-half year re- 
cord of service to his com- 
munity and state, and devotion 
to a conservation cause that 
always has, and always will, 
burn intensely within him. 

His retirement also will 
mark the first carried out un- 
der provisions of the newly 
installed retirement system of 
the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion. It is fitting that this 
should be true, for he also 
was the first Forest Ranger to 
head the Floyd County Unit 
when it was organized as the 
first County Forestry Unit in 
the state to operate purely 
as a single county entity. 

As Mr. Boggs announced his 
retirement, civic, forestry 
and agricultural leaders, his 
associates and co-workers, 
and many citizens and land- 
owners, joined in praising his 
years of service, his leader- 
ship in forest conservation, 
and unfailing loyalty to the 


job - a job in which he has 
fought more than 7,000 fires, 
traveled more than a quarter 
million miles by vehicle (an- 
other 10,000 by foot, he says, 
much of it almost straight up 
and down), and directed the 
activities of nearly a hun- 
dred permanent employees. He 
never has had an automobile 
accident during his entire 
period of service. 

The years of Mr. Boggs' ser- 
vice have seen many revolu- 
tionary advancements in fire 
protection and forestry ac- 
tivities of the Commission and 
the county units. In fact, dur- 
ing these years, he has seen 
state forestry grow from 

struggling infancy as a shoe- 
string operation to the giant 
of today. 

It was the cold day of No- 
vember 1, 1936, that Mr. Boggs 
stepped into the ''harness' 1 
of Forest Ranger at the fabu- 
lous salary of $50 a month, 
out of which he furnished his 
own car as transportation and 
also provided a worker from 
his farm as the other half of 
the fire crew. ''Payments on 
my car and washing machine 
came to $44'' he relates, ''so 
by the time I bought gas, I 
wasn't making much money.' 

His farm home in Texas Val- 
ley doubled as headquarters - 
there were no telephones or 
towers, and two rakes and two 
hand pumps constituted his en- 
tire allowance of equipment. 
Mrs. Boggs served as dispatch- 
er at no remuneration - a 
''job'' she held for nine 

As a fledgling Ranger, Mr. 

s was forced to farm for 
iving, and in order to 
d up his attack on fires 
rigged a siren on his 
e. When he and his assis- 

were in the field, Mrs. 
s, upon receiving word of 
re, would sound the siren, 
Mr. Boggs and his assis- 

would double time to the 
e and start for the fire. 

lling of the trials and 
illations - many trials and 

tribulations - of the 
y years of the Floyd Unit, 

Ranger says the usual 
tion was not ''Where's 
fire?" but "Where's the 
t fire?'' The utter in- 
aacy of the men and equip- 
, coupled with the absence 
olunteer help, made it im- 
ible to promptly attack 
f i re s . 

~ing his first two years 
Ranger, the County Unit 

made a complete house- 

(Contit ued on Page 9} 

mere are 37 years of service to fores- 
representedl here. Mr. and Mrs. Boggs 
e happily as they reflect upon what 
been "the best years of our lives." 

5. "DCJDES OF 1939"--Ranger George Boggs, left, and Bill Gaines 
Assistant Ranger at that time relax for a moment as they proud- 
ly display the new truck which had just been placed in service. 

6. 1946--The Floyd County Unit shows its manpower and mobile 
equipment here posed with forestry supporter Dean Covington, 
extreme left, owner of WROM and WROM-TV. Others from left are 
Boggs, Herman Shelley, and Milton Rolan, former employees, and 
at extreme right is Patrolman H. F. Salmon. 

plow suppression units are used by the Floyd Unit to provide 
the most efficient fire suppression. Pictured with the ve- 
hicles are standing, left to right, Ranger Boggs, patrolman 
Salmon, and Dispatcher W. H. Hardin. Kneeling are Patrolman 
Bill Lawson, and Tractor Operator Joe Young. 

■ | 

! ('■■ 

LINGS- - Chattooga tree farmers 
using oneof the county's mechan- 
ical tree planters are greatly 
aided in properly spacing seed- 
lings by the "wheel and bell at- 
tachment" constructed and placed 
in use under the direction of 
Forest Ranger J. B. White. The 
assembly, which is joined to the 
rear of the planter, consists of 
a wheel, bell and spring knocker, 
tripper arm, and attachment arm. 
The wheel is of such diameter as 
to make the bell ring when struck 
by the spring knocker which has 
been first engaged by the tripper 
arm secured to a spoke of the ro- 
tating wheel. The distance tra- 
veled by the planter during the 
interval between bell signals is 
the spacing desired. Each time 
the bell sounds the persons on 
the planter insert a seedling. 
Intopphoto, White andjoe Wiley, 
of the SCS, demonstrate use of 
the spacer. In center photo, 
White points out how tripper arm 
engages spring knocker and rings 
the bell. Sideview in lower pho- 
to shows arrangement of parts of 
automatic spacing device. 


SPA Meets 
April 4-6 

Many Georgia retail 
and wholesale lumbermen, 
wood workers, supply deal- 
ers, home builders and for- 
esters are expected to be 
among those attending the 
Southern Pine Association's 
fortieth annual convention 
at New Orleans April 4-n. 

Accomplishments in 
quality improvements and 
cost reductions will high- 
light this year's session, 
according to S. P. Deas, 
Association Secretary Mana- 

Progress in mechanical 
efficiency will receive 
special attention. Major 
technological developments 
and other measures which 
helped produce a five per 
cent increase in demand for 
Southern Pine lumber in 
19 54 will be reviewed. The 
best tools in the indus- 
try's arsenal will be on 
display at a logging and 
sawmill machinery exposi- 
tion to be held at New 
Orleans' Municipal Audi- 
to rium. 

MARC H, 1955 

7Ue Rousuiufi 

Rangers In The News 

The part carelessness plays 
in fires was vividly demon- 
strated at a recent forestry 
camp in Richmond County for 
Negro Boy Scouts of the Georgia- 
Carolina Council, according to 
Forest Ranger T. M. Strickland. 
Failure of the boys to bank a 
campfire carefully before going 
to bed resulted in the fire's 
burning up a tent, several blan- 
kets, clothing and food. Tenth 
District personnel of the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission in- 
structing at the camp reported 
the incident made a strong 
impression on the boys in making 
them realize the need for care 
in extinguishing and banking 

A similar camp was held for 
white troops of the Council. 
Instructors were District In- 
vestigator Tom Shelton, Farm 
Forester John Hammond, and 
Ranger Strickland. Ten thou- 
sand trees were planted at both 

Safety techniques in high- 
way vehicles and with forest 
fire suppression equipment high- 
lighted a meeting last month of 
Forest Rangers of District Seven 
The meeting was held at the 
Floyd County Courthouse in Rome. 

Investigator Bob Gore em- 
phasized the necessity of safety 
in handling equipment. He also 
advised rangers on locating 
persons setting fires and de- • 
scribed how charges are brought 
against them. Sgt. William 
Goodwin, of the Georgia State 
Patrol , gave the Rangers tests 
on vision and driving ability. 









FIRE DANGER SIGN--Wilkes County citizens easily can learn the 
forest fire danger rating in their county by looking at a new "dan- 
ger barometer" at Washington, Ga. Assistant District Forester W.R. 
Randall inspects the newly erected signboard. Wilkes County Ranger 
T.H. Bui lard determines the fire danger reading at noon daily and 
changes the sign accordingly. 

REFORESTATION AID IN COWETA--J.R. Haymes and Lamar Haymes (dri- 
ver), plant pine seedlings on the Arnold Mills property in Coweta 
County as A. P. Wells, (left), of the First National Bank, and Jimmy 
Lang, of the Manufacturers National Bank, look on. The machine is 
one of two new planters purchased by the two banks for use of 
Coweta County farmers. Ranger E.P. Eubanks Jr., supervises sche- 
duling of the machines, which are kept at the Coweta County Fores- 
try Lnit. The Ranger pointed out there are 20,000 acres of idle 
land in Coweta County in need of reforestation. 


Planting Plo-t 

More than 75 members of 
the Georgia Federation of 
Pusiness and Professional Wo- 
men gathered last month at 
Veterans' Memorial Park in 
Crisp County for dedication of 
a five-acre "Georgia BPW 

Norman R. Hawley, head of 
the George Walton Experimental 
Forest, U. S. Forest Service, 
Cordele, addressed the group, 
lauding Georgia's business 
and professional women for the 
"outstanding part you have 
played in the field of forest 
conservation" . 

Mrs. Rosebud McCormick, 
membership chairman and vice 
president of the Georgia BPW 
Federation, explained that 
during the past year pine 
seedlings have been planted at 
many areas in the state where 
the organization's local clubs 
were located. Clubs had plant- 
ed one seedling for each mem- 

San ford P. Darby 

Darby Named 
Acting Chief 

Sanford P. Darby Jr. , former 
Reforestation Field Assistant, 
has been named Acting Chief of 
Reforestation of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 

A native of Savannah, Mr. 
Darby is a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of Georgia School of 
Forestry, and formerly worked 
with Gair Woodlands, Inc. and 
the Atomic Energy Commission. 

Ba*f<fd Retired — 

(Continued from Page 6) 
to-house canvass of all rural 
areas of the county, explain- 
ing in detail the purposes of 
his unit and mode of operation 
and soliciting and encouraging 
public cooperation. From the 
thousands of acquaintances 
and friendships started at 
this time and during the con- 
tact work that has followed 
stemmed much of the increas- 
ingly fine cooperation we have 
experienced through the years, 
according to Mr. Boggs. 

A major advancement of the 
early years was the construc- 
tion of fire lookout towers in 
the county by the C.C.C. The 
100 foot Hermitage Tower was 
erected in 1937, and the 80 
foot Agate Tower in Southwest 
Floyd County rose the follow- 
ing year. In 1951 the present 
steel tower on Alto Mountain 
replaced the Agate Tower. 

In 1939, the Hermitage Tower 
was manned by veteran J. C. 
Lowery, who today, 16 years 
later, is still at his post. 
Another veteran employee of 
(Continued on Page 10) 

WOMEN— Dedication ceremony participants, (photo at 
left), included, left to right, Miss Anise Troth, 
of Atlanta, President, Georgia Business and Pro- 
fessional Women' s Club, Norman R. Hawley, head of 
the South Coastal Research Center, 11. S. Forest 
Service, Cordele; Miss Helen Barrow, President, 
Cordele BPW; John Mann, Assistant Director, State 
Parks Department: Miss Elizabeth Mason, u. S. For- 

est Service, Atlanta; Judge 0. T. Gower, of Cor- 
dele; and Mrs. Rosebud McCormick, membership chair- 
man and Vice President, Georgia BPW. Inspecting 
planting activities, (photo at right), are left to 
right, John Pate Bridges, Manager, Veterans' Me- 
morial Park; Mrs. McCormick; Mrs. Ouida King, mem- 
bership chairman, Cordele BPW Club, and Mrs. Madge 
Acheson, Vice President, Cordele BPW. 


-*:■ ft . ■-* 


Saffd Retlbed, — 

(Continued from Page 9) 

the Floyd Unit is H. F. Sal- 
mon who joined Mr. Boggs in 
1941. Frank J. Pull en, vete- 
ran Rome District Forester, 
also has shared many of Mr. 
Boggs years of service. 

In 1936, Floyd County estab- 
lished what was the first 
County Forestry Unit and began 
operations on a SI, 200 yearly 
budget. At that time the 

county was divided into three 
sections and two extra em- 
ployees were added. During 
that year, the handtool al- 
lowance was also increased to 
six hand pumps and six rakes. 
The first forest fire lookout 
tower was placed in operation. 

In 1942, the Floyd Unit ac- 
quired its second pickup 
truck, marking an early mile- 
stone in the continuing pro- 
gress which has always charac- 
terized the Unit under Mr. 
Boggs' direction. 

In 1946, headquarters of the 
County Forestry Unit was moved 
to Rome, and Mr. Boggs was 
named Chief Forest Ranger. A 
runabout jeep was added to the 
growing force, and the yearly 
budget was increased to $2, 400. 

After two years of temporary 
locations in a service station 
and an abondoned cafe, the 
Unit moved into its present 

Probably one of the great- 
est advances of the early 
years of organized protection 
in the County was the con- 
struction of a telephone line 
by the C.C.C. in late 1947. 
The line extended from Armu- 
chee in the Northwest section 
of the county to Mr. Bcggs' 
home in Texas Valley about six 
miles west of Rome and from 
there six miles to Berry To- 

In 1949, the Floyd Unit ac- 
quired a half-ton jeep pickup 

PLANT GFWC DEMONSTRATION AREA- -Eighth District foresters recently 
completed planting of one of the perpetual demonstration areas es- 
tablished in Ware County by the Georgia Federation of Women' s Clubs. 
Pictured setting out the rows of seedlings are Raymond Hill, Assis- 
tant District Forester, on the planter, and tractor operator johnny 
Hickcox. B. S. Booth, District Ranger, standing, inspects the 

bringing to four the number of 

The following year, 1950, 
marked the first use of a 
truck and tractor combination 
by the Floyd Unit. A second 
tractor was purchased in 1951, 
bringing the equipment allow- 
ance abreast of developments 
in the modern era of fire con- 
trol techniques. The annual 
operating budget now approxi- 
mately $20,000 yearly. 

The saying goes that behind 
every successful man there is 
a woman - and the Boggs' story 
is no exception. Beside him 
throughout the 18 and one-hal f 
years - his constant helper, 
adviser, and source of encour- 
agement has been the very 
gracious and friendly Mrs. 
Boggs. Besides donating her 
services as dispatcher for a 
number of years, she has many 
times during rush periods ser- 
ved as the Unit's ''general 
coordinator, ' ' which includes 
many odd jobs. 

What are Mr. Boggs plans for 
the future? He will live on 

his 1,000 acre farm in Texas 
Valley and, in his own words, 
''fish, eat, sleep and help my 
wife do the odd jobs around 
the house.'' He built a lake 
two years ago and will not be 
lacking for sport. The farm 
is the girlhood home of Mrs. 
Boggs, and he is remodeling 
the house, will plant a gar- 
den, and will develop the 700 
acres of timber. It is also a 
good bet that he will be un- 
able to deny the urge to climb 
a fire tower occasionally and 
check his beloved Floyd County 
woodlands or man a tractor to 
cut a few fire lines. 

How does Mr. Boggs feel a- 
bout retiring? In his own 
words, ''It hurts me to think 
of leaving - a great work and 
I love it today and have loved 
it always. Meeting the people 
of the county as I have, and 
the friendships I have made, 
have meant much - very much - 
in my life. If I were to go 
back 18 years, I would again 
join the Commission, and I 
think one of the finest things 
any county can do is to oper- 
ate a forestry unit.' 



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SEARING FLAMES- -Flames in many of the Ware County fires leaped 
40 and 50 feet above the tops of 60 foot high trees. Kecord forces 
of emergency equipment and men were called in to help fight the 

CLOUDS OF SMOKE- -Smoke and flames like this 
alongside highways halted traffic in many areas. 
An extremely critical drouth situation heightened 
disastrous effects of the fire. 

FIRE SCENE- -This picture, al- 
though taken at noon, resembles 
a night photograph, so dense is 
smoke put forth by the thousands 
of acres of burning woodlands. 

WILDFIRE AT WORK- -Roads formed natural firebreaks 
in many areas, but so powerful were the winds and 
flames that wildfires easily jumped many roads and 
many plowed breaks. 

APRIL, 1 955 

Forest Fires Ravage 
Southeast Georgia 

Charred, desolate wastelands-- 
stiii smoldering from one of the 
most disastrous wildfires in 
Georgia's modern day history-- 
are all that remain today over 
much of 25,000 acres of what was 
once some of South Georgia's 
prime turpentine and timber land. 

The 25,000 acre loss, unof- 
ficial estimate of the area 
struck early last month by a 
series of wildfires which, fan- 
ned by high winds and tinder dry 
conditions, came roaring out of 
the Okefenokee Swamp and fanning 
out into adjacent timber areas, 
was the outstanding in a series 
of wildfire attacks which on 
March 10 occasioned a procla- 
mation banning all control burn- 
ing and other burning in the 
First and Eighth Congressional 

Forest fire fighters through- 
out much of the South Georgia 
area had been battling more and 
more sporadic outbreaks of fire 

as fire danger mounted up 
through the dry, rainless days 
of February and the first week 
of March. Finally, however, on 
Thursday, March 10, the "big one" 
broke, as a blaze which had al- 
ready consumed 2,000 acres of 
Okefenokee Swamp woodland broke 
through the tight cordon of 
firebreaks placed around the 
area by the Ware County Forestry 
Unit and other Eighth District 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
personnel . 

Fanned by a 25 mile-an-hour 
wind out of the west, the flames 
crossed fire breaksand headed 
east toward U. S» Highway 1, a 
wide four lane highway running 
from Waycross to Jacksonville. 
The fire was held at the highway, 
with occasional jumpovers being 
suppressed at this point, and 
then turned and raced southward. 

Commission emergency equipment 
was called in from District 

(Continued on. Page 5) 

| ■ 

WARE FIRE SCENES- -Smoke, top 
photo, billows up from woodlands 
south of Waycross. Bud Sunday, 
below, whose tractor, automobile 
and barn were destroyed in the 
fires south of Waycross, in- 
spects damage. Sparks from the 
rvoods shown in the background 
ignited the barn and house, but 
the house was saved. 


Foresters Attend 4 -Day 
Hardwood Control School 

Talmadge To Address 
SAF, Alumni, GFA 

institute sound management 
practices on an increasing 
number of acres of hardwoods 
lands throughout Georgia. 

Heading the list of instructors 
were John A. Putnam, Delta 
Branch, Southern Forest Experi- 
ment Station, New Orleans, and 
Harry Tomlinson, U. S. Forest 
Service, Atlanta. Other repre- 
sentatives of the Forest Service 
participating in the sessions 
were Douglas Craig, Cecil Clapp 
and Richard Antonie, all of 
Atlanta. W. H. McComb, Chief, 
Forest Management, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, headed the 
Forestry Commission group. 

Management Foresters of the 
Commission in attendance at the 
sessions were Floyd Al Smith, 
Statesboro; Frank Eadie, Camilla; 
Charles Wike, Americus; John 
Hammond, Newnan; James Reid, 
McRae, R. L. Bauerband, Mi 1 - 
ledgeville; Floyd W. Hubbard Jr., 
Rome; Henry Williams, Waycross; 
Sam Martin, Gainesville; John 
Harrison, Washington; and Sam 
Thacker, Atlanta. 
HARDWOOD SCHOOL- - Those attending the Georgia Forestry Commission s 
hardwood management school were given instruction in use of the 
rellascope in estimating timber, (photo at left). Latest methods 
of determining defects in hardwood timber also were reviewed, (pho- 
to at right). 

Foresters who attended the 
four-day Hardwood Management 
School held at Macon during 
March were apprised of the large 
areas of Georgia forestland in 
hardwoods and of the methods of 
solving the problems confronting 
landowners today in the profit- 
able util ization of these hard- 

The school was held at the 
Georgia Forestry Center and par- 
ticipating in the sessions were 
twenty-five foresters from 
throughout the state represent- 
ing the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion and the Southern Region, 
U. S. Forest Service, which con- 
ducted the school. 

Emphasis throughout the course 
of study and field work was on 
the means and methods of uti- 
lizing and managing the state's 
valuable hardwoods and the pur- 
pose of the school was to better 
prepare management foresters of 
the Commission to carry good 
hardwood management to the land- 
owners of the state, and so to 

Herman E. Talmadge 

Former Governor Herman E. 
Talmadge will address the May 13 
luncheon session at the joint 
meeting of the Georgia chapter, 
Society of American Foresters; 
the Alumni Society of the Uni- 
versity of Georgia School of 
Forestry, and the Georgia Fores- 
try Association. 

Hugh Dobbs, Association pres- 
ident, announced acceptance of 
the luncheon invitation by the 
former governor. 

"Our 1955 speaker for this 
joint session," declared Mr. 
Dobbs, "is well qualified to 
address these three forestry 
groups, for his record in the 
field of woodland conservation 
is indeed an outstanding one. 

"It was under his administra- 
tion, " the Association head 
added, "that the General Assem- 
bly passed a forester registra- 
tion law, the first state in the 
nation to do so. It was under 
his administration also that 
Georgia became the first state 
in the south effecting creation 
of a state Forest Research 
Council . " 

The joint meeting will be held 
at Augusta May 12-13. 

One of the session's high- 
lights will be announcement of 
winners of the Association's 
annual Keep Georgia Green con- 

APRIL, 1 955 

Hine Receives 
Nash Award 

*le*ttk Pi** ^nee, tyediucd 

Willard R. Hine 

Willard R. Hine, Assistant 
Regional Forester, Southern 
Region, U. S. Forest Service, 
Atlanta, has been named re- 
cipient of one of the annual 
national Nash Conservation 
Awa rds . 

Mr. Hine, one of ten conser- 
vationists in the nation named 
as winners in the professional 
class, was cited for outstanding 
work in "promoting reforestation 
and developing programs to make 
management service available to 
small woodland owners." 

He will receive a bronze 
plaque and a $500 cash award. 

Mr. Hine, long a southern for- 
estry leader in the field of 
public education, was graduated 
from Cornell University's school 
of forestry with the master of 
forestry degree. He began his 
career by performing research 
work at the Southern Forest Ex- 
periment Station at New Orleans. 

Coming to Atlanta in 1935, he 
served as Assistant Chief, Di- 
vision of State and Private For- 
estry, Southern Region, U. S. 
Forest Service. In 1947, he 
became assistant regional Fores- 
ter in charge of the Southern 
Region's division of information 
and education, a position which 
he holds today. 

Emanuel County citizens this 
month will observe the tenth 
anniversary of their now famous 
and highly colorful Pine Tree 
Festival . 

The week- long observance will 
be highlighted Friday, April 22, 
with the Festival address, to be 
delivered by Governor Marvin 
Griffin, and by the traditional 

"We feel," declared Earl M. 
Varner, Pine Tree Festival sec- 
retary, "that this tenth obser- 
vance of our annual event has a 
special significance, not only 
to the citizens of Emanual 
County, but to all Georgians. 
The forestry strides that have 
been taken in this single decade, 
both county-wide and statewide, 
have indeed been tremendous, and 
we intend during this 1955 fes- 
tival to give strong emphasis 
to this progress." 

The parade, to be the largest 
and most extensive ever held in 
the Festival's history, will be- 
gin at 10 a.m. Governor Griffin 
will speak at 11 a.m. In ad- 

QLEEN--Left to right, Nella 
Shepard, and David Kowland 

Governor Marvin Griffin, 
above, will be guest speaker at 
the Pine Tree Festival. 

dition to giving the main ad- 
dress, the Governor also will 
crovn the Farm Rureau queen. 

Mayor Ralph Smith will intro- 
duce special guests and give the 
welcoming address. The program 
also will include announcements 
and presentation of winners of 
such events as declamation, es- 
says, pine arrangements, Tree 
Farm award, posters, exhibits 
and the various floats. 

Rand concerts, a soap box 
derby, forestry demonstrations 
on the courthouse square and a 
drawing for prizes will high- 
light the Friday afternoon activ- 

The Pine Tree Festival gol f 
tournament will be held all day 

Reginning last month, Farm 
Rureau chapters and schools have 
been conducting elimination 

Ranger Leon Ray and members of 
the Emanual County Forestry Unit 
will decorate the town with pine 


Forest FSres--- 

(Continued from Page 2) 

Offices and County Forestry 
Units in areas of lower fire 
danger and from the Georgia For- 
estry Center in Macon. 

By the weekend of March 12, 
men and equipment from County 
Forestry Units in Cherokee, 
Floyd, Richmond, Morgan, Walton, 
Fulton, Franklin, McDuffie, War- 
ren, Polk, Gwinnett, Hall, Jack- 
son, Jefferson, Monroe, Candler, 
Glynn and Wayne Counties either 
were on the fire line in Ware 
County or on their way to the 

Pulpwood, turpentine, and lum- 
ber companies and many other 
forest industry organizations in 
the area threw all available 
manpower and equipment into the 
fight, and by Monday morning, 

flames rising from the burned 
and burning acres rose into the 
air and could be detected for 
miles around the area. 

March 14, more than 200 men, 
several giant bulldozers, 35 
light or heavy fire suppression 
units, five airplanes and one 
helicopter, furnished by the 
Georgia National Guard, were 
fighting fire in Ware County. 

Soon the fire situation de- 
veloped into three major danger 
areas. The first, the "Fort 
Mudge'* fire was centered 15 
miles south of Waycross. This 
fire, the same which had come 
out of the swamp, raced to U. S. 
1 and headed South, jumped a- 
cross the highway in the Fort 
Mudge community, ran east to 
southeast through Fort Mudge 
pasture to John's Pond, a swamp, 
where it was blocked off by 
backfiring from the old Hoboken 

Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
gave special praise to employees 
of Union Bag and Paper Corpora- 
tion who successfully held back 
the flames from their southward 
march at this point. Jack Moore, 
Hank Haynes, Sid Kennie, and 
George Brack were leaders in 
this group. 

This fire N in its southward 
race along U. S. Highway 1, 
threatened the Georgia Forestry 
Commission District Headquarters 
office and nearby residences of 
personnel. Homes were evacuated 
and women and children trans- 
ported to Waycross, but the 
flames bypassed headquarters 
and the residences. Flames 
leaping eastward across the 
highway, however, eventually 
were responsible for the loss of 
more than an estimated fifteen 
thousand acres in the 36,000 
acre Waycross State Forest, 
described by Mr. DeLoach as 
"some of Georgia's finest tim- 
ber." This same fire destroyed 
a barn, a tractor, and an auto- 
mobile belonging to a Ware 
County turpentine operator and 
farmer al cng U.S. 1, Bud Sunday. 

Further north, another off- 
shoot of the swamp fire, which 
came to be known as the "Double 
Branch fire," crossed U. S. 1 
five miles south of Waycross, 
threatened a nearby motor court, 
and raced seven miles to the 
Brunswick highway. Here an army 
of equipment was massed, but the 
(Continued on Page 10) 

'WHIRLEYBIRD' READY FOR RISE--Lt. J. H. Strickland, of the 
Georgia National Guard, readies his helicopter for an observa- 
tion flight over the burning forest lands. Lt. Strickland and 
his aircraft provided a valuable contribution to the fire 
fighting efforts, not only through observation work, but by 
dispatching supplies and materials as well. 

broad, four-laned U. S. Highway 1, the main 
thoroughfare from Way cross to Jacksonville, served 
as a vantage point to view the wildfires which 
were ravaging hundreds of acres at a time. 

RESULTS OF FLYING SPARKS- -Sparks, carried away from 
the main bodies of fires and deposited hundreds of 
yards away, set fires like this and constituted one 
of the major problems in halting advances of the 

MOTEL THREATENED- - Th is motel on U. S. 1 south 
of Waycross -was threatened by wildfire which 
leaped across the highway, (photo above) 

MECHANIZED ATTACK- -Vehicles like this and 31 
other similar light and heavy tractor-and- pi ow 
fire suppression pieces were thrown into the 
fight against flames in Ware County. 

REMAINS OF DEER CORRAL- -Herds of Okefenokee deer 
once browsed on the green and luxuriant vegetation 
undering these towering pines. The corral's wire 
fences proved no deterrent to the roaring flames 

FIREBREAK- -This firebreak stopped the flames at the 
point shown below. 



1 1 1 




New Act Strengthens Forestry Laws 

A comprehensive Act enacted by 
the recent session of the Georgia 
General Assembly has greatly 
strengthened, broadened, and 
made more effective the laws and 
regulations concerning the 
functions and scope of activity 
of state forestry in the state. 

Consisting of forty sections, 
the Act represents an essential 
and long-needed overhauling of 
legislation governing the opera- 
tion of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission and provides legal 
tools necessary to expand, 
intensify and advance public, 
private and industrial forestry 
in the state. The Act was 
authored and engineered to pas- 
sage by Rep. John Sheffield, of 
Brooks County, a graduate for- 
ester, forest products dealer, 
landowner, and Assembly conser- 
vation leader, in company with 
Rep. Robert L. Scoggin, Floyd 
County; House Speaker Marvin 
Vloate of Hancock and House Floor 
leader Denmark Groover, Jr., 
Bibb County. 

The new laws, which, with 
stated exceptions, "supersede 
all previous laws of this state 
relating to the organization, 
powers and duties of the Fores- 
try Commission," define the 
duties, qualification, manner of 

selection and powers of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission; 
provide for the appointment of a 
Director, and defining his 
qualifications, powers, duties, 
compensation and expenses; 
authorize the Director and Com- 
mission to promulgate rules and 
regulations relating to operatior 
of the Forestry Commission; 
authorize the Commission to 
acquire land and other property 
and to receive gifts and dona- 
tions; provide for annual re- 
ports; provide for action a- 
gainst insects and diseases pre- 
valent to forests; and quaran- 
tine in such cases, provide for 
injuction; provide for regu- 
lations governing the controlled 
burning of lands and punishment 
for a violation thereof; pro- 
hibit fires burning uncontrolled; 
prohibit the setting of back- 
fires in certain instances; pro- 
vide for receipt of all federal 
funds.; provide for management, 
disposal, lease and sale of 
lands and products by the Com- 
mission; provide for cooperative 
agreements with counties and 
other persons; provide for for- 
estry investigators and define 
their powers and authority; pro- 
vide for creation of unit for- 
estry boards in the discretion 
of the Commission; authorize the 
Governor to declare emergencies 

NEW GREENE COUNTY HEADQUARTERS- -Personnel of the Greene County 
Forestry Unit proudly display their new sign in front of the new 
Unit headquarters located in Greensboro. 

and prohibit hunting, fishing, 
camping, picnicking or other 
similar activities and declare 
penalty for violations thereof; 
provide for the purchase of air- 
craft and other equipment; pro- 
vide for the entry on lands by 
the Commission, its agents, or 
others acting at their direction, 
to make investigations or combat 
forest fires; provide that the 
provisions of this act are sep- 
arable; and repeal conflicting 

The following Acts were not 
repealed or modified by the 1955 
Assembly action: 

The Act Creating a State Board 
of Registration of Foresters and 
defining its duties and powers, 
approved February 21, 1951; the 
Act creating the Georgia Forest 
Research Council and defining 
it duties and powers, approved 
December 10, 1953, and the 
Regional Forest Fire Protection 
Compact Act Approved December 10, 

The Forest Fire Protection Act, 
approved February 23, 1949, and 
the Forest Fire Emergency Com- 
mittee Act, approved February 23, 
1949, were amended by the 19 55 

When 'the big one," a record 
Georgia wildfire disaster, broke 
out of the Okefenokee Swamp last 
month and ravaged an estimated 
25,000 acres of Ware County 
timberland, a powerful array of 
modern-day mechanized equipment 
was thrown into the battle. 

Here the crowning, racing tim- 
ber-eater boils up in fury, and 
in the foreground a fire patrol 
plane prepares to take off from 
a highway on a new foray in 
support of ground fire fighting 

APRI L, 1 955 

Rangers In The News 

Recent Keep Georgia Green 
activities in Crisp County cited 
by Ranger William Tvedt include 
plans for constructing two large 
bil Iboard signs in the county 
and 16 road signs. The signs 
will urge residents to Keep 
Crisp County Green and to pre- 
vent forest fires. Plans also 
are under way by the Keep Green 
committee for forestry essay and 
lecture contests. 

Cash prizes were awarded re- 
cently by Ben Hill County's Keep 
Green Council for a series of 
window displays arranged by 
school and civic organizations. 
Ranger J. C. Bowen reported 
Ashton High School won first 
place prize of $25. Gateway 
Garden Club placed second, with 
$15 prize, and the Home Demon- 
stration Council received $10 
for placing third. 

Hooper Matthews Jr., of McRae, 
Assistant District Forester, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; 
Nelson Brightwell, of Tifton, 
Assistant Extension Forester, 
Georgia Extension Service, and 
E. 0. Powers, of Tifton, Naval 
Stores Conservationist, were 

Ranger Ray Thomas' Gwinnett 
County Forestry Unit recently 
held an outdoor " control burning 
school" to teach residents of 
the county how to burn safely 
around woods, fields and build- 
ings. The Ranger described the 
work of the forestry Unit but 
emphasized care and caution on 
the part of farmers and land- 
owners could increase even more 
the Unit's efficiency. Ranger 
Thomas demonstrated safety rules 
to follow in burning off fields 
and brush piles and urged 
Gwinnett County citizens to 
notify the Unit before they burn. 

FIRE DANGER SIGN--Elbert County citizens easily can check the 
forest fire danger rating in their county by looking at this new 
"danger barometer" at Elberton. Ranger Albert M. Mooney turns the 
barometer pointer to the danger reading of the day as District For- 
ester George Collier watches. 

Vol. 8 


April, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 4 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath- Macon H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR . Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 



Slxtu Go+utti&i Commended 
4fefc tf-isie £aU Reduction 

Sixty of the state's 137 For- 
estry Units have been selected 
for the 'Less than One-Fourth of 
One Percent Club," a group com- 
posed of County Forestry Units 
which have held the yearly fire 
loss in their respective coun- 
ties to less than % of one per- 
cent of the total forest acreage. 

The counties have received 
official commendations from the 
Georgia Forestry Commission for 
"outstanding service in combat- 
ting forest fires and for drives 
that have reduced fire loss." 

Units, recognized for their 
forest fire control achievements, 
their Rangers, and the percent- 
age of forestland loss includes 
the following: 

Baldwin, Elmer Meeks .126 

Bleckley, .179 

Catoosa, Ralph Clark, jr. .237 
CFLUA, II. W. Darley .172 

Chattahoochee, J.W. Wright .008 
Cherokee, E.L. Rolan .133 

Clarke, A.J. Cote .024 

Columbia, L. W. Lorenzo .140 

Consolidated TPO, D. T. Spells 

. 145 

Goweta, E. P. Eubanks, Jr. .144 

Decatur, joe Stanford .212 

Dougherty, W. A. Binns .210 

Douglas, Fred Baker .225 

Elbert, A.M. Mooney .074 

Evans, A. D. Eason . 133 

Fannin, H. F. Davenport .036 

Gilmer, J. L. Dover .076 

Gordon, J.C. McDearis .053 

Green, H.E. Moore .ill 

Habersham, W.A. DeMore .012 

Harris, B. M. Moon .224 

Heard, W. D. Millians .137 

Jackson, James McElhannon .225 

Jasper, M.0. McMichael .046 

Jefferson. George Barfield .153 

Jones, E.T. Carnes .042 

Lamar, D. R. Smith . 112 

Lincoln, W. H. Dawkins . 193 

Macon, Chesley Gilmore . 220 

IViadison, H.L. Winn .039 

Marion, John 0* Donnell . 170 
'leDuffie- Warren, J. F. Looney 

. 211 

Meriwether, A.L. Thornton .150 

Monroe, W. W. Jackson .135 

Morgan- Walton, W. D. Palmer .105 

Murray, J.W. Jackson .114 

Muscogee, F. M. Cook . 16 3 

Newton, A.C. Dennis .175 

Oglethorpe, J. ||. Buckman .006 

Pickens, D.G. McWhorter .094 
(Continued on Page 10) 

RADIO SCH00L--R. F. King, of the General Electric Company, (left 
photo), instructs Georgia Forestry Commission radio technicians. 
Henry Cannor, , (right photo), Commission Communications Engineer, 
heads a 'learn by doing" session. 

Radio School 
Held In Macon 

How better to use and maintain 
two-way radio in the conserva- 
tion of forests was the theme of 
the Georgia Forestry Commission' s 
radio school held at the Georgia 
Forestry Center in Macon last 

Commission radio technicians 
from throughout Georgia attended 
the school which specially em- 
phasized maintenance, radio in- 
stallation in aircraft, and the 
extension of the Commission's 
administrative radio network. 

In elaborating on the purpose 
of the school Communications En- 
gineer Henry Cannon explained 
that "maintaining 880 radios 
is the major task of the Com- 
mission's specially trained 
radio technicians. Each of 
those technicians covers a com- 
plete forestry district and pro- 
vides round-the-clock servicing 
for the radio sets under his 
supervision. Without an ef- 
ficient communications system, 
any forest fire suppression op- 
eration is seriousl y hampered. 
It is with this realization in 
mind that the Georgia Forestry 
Commission operates and main- 
tains in peak condition two-way 
radios, most of which are of the 
highly effective FM type. In- 
stalled in lookout towers, fire 
suppression and fire patrol ve- 
hicles, planes and dispatching 
headquarters, these radios serve 
as an instantaneous link between 
the corps of Commission workers 
who spot fires and those who man 
the firel ines. " 

Technicians attending the 
school included: J. E. Ervin, 
Statesboro; John Harter, 
Camilla; Hylard Cosey, Newnan; 
Carl Sanson, Milledgeville; 01 in 
Robinson, Rome; N. L. Raulerson, 
Waycross; Albert Young, Washing- 

Instructors included R. L. 
King, General Electric Company, 
and G. A. Weaver, Civil Aero- 
nautics Authority. 

Forest Fires--- 

(Continued from Page 5 J 
fire jumped the Brunswick high- 
way at Coggin's Still , threaten- 
ing several houses, but event- 
ually was halted at a point 
about ^00 yards to the east of 
the Waycross-Brunswick highway. 

To the west of the Waycross 
State Forest a third major fire, 
the Suwanee Lake fire, was re- 
sponsible for the loss of hun- 
dreds more acres. 

With the proclamation of a ban 
on control and other burning, 
set by Mr. DeLoach on March 11, 
law enforcement officers of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
working in close cooperation 
with local law enforcement offi- 
cers, clamped strict enforcement 
on the area. 

Charges of setting fire were 
placed against one person in 
Ware County and a Liberty County 
negro, but investigators re- 
ported that public cooperation 
throughout the ban area "was 
gratifyingly good." 

Meanwhile, other counties in 
the Waycross, Statesboro, McRae 
and Camilla districts of the 
Commission were fighting battles 
of their own, not so large as 
those in the Ware County area, 
but still requiring round-the- 
clock services of personnel in 
many of the affected counties. 

Throughout District 8, Rangers 
reported a total of 585 fires 
burned more than 63,000 acres in 
the first 15 days of March alone 
In District 1, more than 600 
fires burned 15,000 acres. 

The fire situation in these 
three districts at this writing 
still remained dangerous witji 
the ban on burning still on in 
Districts One and Eight. In 
Ware County fire fighters 
pointed out a wildfire now con- 
fined to the Black Hammock area 
south of Waycross could with 
rising winds, jump heavily pa- 
trolled lines across a series of 
wide firebreaks and, pushed by a 
strong south wind, sweep through 
heavily wooded areas almost to 

MOPPING UP- -Constant patrolling of lines and breaks and mopping 
up operations to insure that fires, once controlled, were "dead 
out" were among the important phases of the fight against the Ware 
County wildfires. 

An intensive salvage operation 
now is under way throughout all 
South Georgia lands which had 
been burned. Landowners of the 
burned area, including the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, with 
ts severe losses on the Waycross 
State Forest, and pulpwood com- 
panies, are faced with removal 
of the timber before it becomes 
prey to insects and diseases. 
Last month Commission officials 
met with forest industry leaders 
in the area to discuss selling 
of salvagable timber. 

"The terrible aftermath of 
these March fires in South Geor- 
gia, " declared Commission Direc- 
tor DeLoach, "will be felt for 
many years to come. The fire 
scenes themselves; -flames j imp- 
ing 2000 yards, wildfire heads 
creating 40 mile an hour winds, 
flames moving more than two 
miles an hour, and flames shoot- 
ing 60 feet in the air above 
tree tops--were so terrifying 
words cannot adequately picture 
the ferocity and havoc. The 
fires should, however, serve as 
a warning to all Georgia as to 
the very vital need for caution 
in handling any sort of fire or 
flame, whether it be match, cig- 
aret, campfiee, burning off 
fires and trash burnings. 

Sixty Go-untiei — 

(Continued, from Page 9) 

Pike, H.M. Rawlins .073 

Polk, J.J. Carter .196 

Putnam, Dick Lynch .088 

Rabun, .015 

Schley, L.S. Tondee .027 

Stephens, 0. J. Dean . 200 

Stewart, H. L. Branyan .183 

Taylor, Austin Guinn .171 

Terrell, J. W. Bowen .223 

Turner, Loren Posey .160 

Troup, George M. Knott . 140 

Upson, J. E. Johnson .059 

Ware, H. F. Osborne . 144 

Washington, C. C. Rhodes .150 

Wayne, W. G. Morris . 196 

Wheeler, Alston Cherry .159 
Whitfield, C. V. Bramlett .006 

Wilkes, T. il. Bui lard .031 

Wilkinson, H. D. Billue .216 

Guyton DeLoach, Director of 
the Commission, gave his praise 
in commending each Forester or 
Ranger heading the respective 
Unit, and asked that "in keeping 
the forestland loss from wild- 
fire to less than one-quarter of 
an acre out of every one-huidred 
woodland acres protected by your 
forestry unit, you have, with 
the cooperation of the citizens 
of your county, performed an 
outstanding service to your com- 
munity and to your state." 





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Forest Economy Of The Southeast 

( From the 
There is a direct relationship 
between the forests of the South- 
east and its industrial develop- 
ment. But, perhaps even more 
important is the indirect re- 

The presence of large supplies 
of pulpwood in forests of the 
Southeast, for example, has meant 
a rapid expansion in the paper 
and allied products industries 
is now eight times as great as 
it was twenty years ago. 

Indirectly, forests have con- 
tributed to the industrial de- 
velopment of the Southeast by 
controlling and conserving water 
supplies. Protected and en- 
hanced by forest cover, water 
supplies, as a source of elec- 
tricity, have attracted many in- 
dustries. Power plants--such as 
Plant Hammond at Rome--must have 
a dependable source of water, 
equally as much as the hydro- 
electric plants on our rivers. 

These facts are brought out in al 

Home Tribune) 

the farm bulletin of the Federal 
Reserve Bank of Atlanta. 

The lorests produce pulpwood, 
and they also produce lumber and 
turpentine. And, you can't over- 
look even such items as fence 
posts and firewood, which may 
seem inconsequential to the city 
dweller, but which are valuable 
to the farmer. 

Forests reduce the water run- 
off, and mulch formed by fallen 
leaves helps prevent flash 
floods. Water stored in forest 
soils helps to maintain stream 
levels during dry seasons. And, 
forested watersheds reduce soil 
erosion and help a city obtain 
clear and pure water at a sav- 
ings to taxpayers. 

Forests contribute to the 
overall economy of a region 
And, since they do, every seg- 
ment of the economy should be 
interested in expanding and con- 
serving forest resources. It's 
not just a matter for the farmer' 

Vol. 8 


May, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 5 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman _ Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS.- Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

♦ * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 


Pine ^teei 
Ate Pn&jfU 

(From the Ocilla Star) 

This newspaper has been urging 
its readers for several years to 
let nature have a chancd to en- 
rich them by growing pine trees, 
and has succeeded in interesting 
many. The old custom of burning 
off woods continues by some land 
owners, and only a few scattered 
ones take proper care of their 
young pines. 

There are vast areas in South 
Georgia that probably will never 
be good for anything other than 
growing pines. Yet much of this 
area is kept devoided of the 
wealth-making pines by the habit 
of burning the woods every 
spring so that scrub cows may 
have some early wire grass to 

This wood burning habit has de- 
creased somewhat in recent years 
with the closed range law, which 
forced farmers to take better 
care of their stock. 

We believe landowners would 
derive more benefit from their 
uncul t ivatable lands by a sound 
reforestation program (tree 
planting), with less emphasis 
on providing a little wire grass 
for livestock. 

Qua. Gave* 

Keigning over Georgia's forest 
festivities during the past 
montn were queens, kings, and 
lumberj acks. 

Killing at Swainsboro' s Pine 
Tree Festival were Queen Linda 
ueltle, King Jim Pritchard, Prin- 
cess Uebecca Wammock and Prince 
Pete Howell. 

Turning heads at the AT- FA 
annual meeting was Miss Gum 
Spirits of Turpentine of 1955, 
Miss Marjorie Ityers of Patterson. 

Top Lumberj acks at the Pine 
Tree Festival were Madison 
ilixon, King J. F. Mathis and 
Doug Lawrence. 

MAY, 1955 

New Committee 

Will Attack 

I & D Outbreaks 

Concrete action to attack 
current and future forest tree 
insect and disease outbreaks was 
taken last month at Macon with 
formation of a statewide com- 
mittee representing landowners, 
forest industries and state and 
private forestry organizations. 

W. M. Oettmeier, of Superior 
Pine Products Corp., Fargo, 
heads the group, which will be 
known as the Georgia Forest Pest 
Committee. 0. G. Traczewitz, of 
Waycross, representing Inter- 
national Paper Company, serves 
as Vice Chairman. 

The Macon meeting, called by 
the Georgia Forestry Commission, 
drew more than 100 persons from 
all parts of the state. 

R. J. Kowal, of the South- 
eastern Forest Experiment Sta- 
tion, Asheville, N.C. , described 
the work done by similar com- 
mittees in other southern states 
attacked for forest insects. He 
also stressed the need for an 
efficient early detection system, 
statewide in scope, which would 
enable attacks to be launched 
"while they still are small 
enough to control." 

Mr. Kowal pointed out Georgia' s 
record-breaking drouth and fire 
season "contributed materially" 
to a current South Georgia pine 
beetle infestation which already 
has been responsible for a loss 
of 50,000,000 board feet of tim- 

Guyton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, who 
served as acting chairman of the 
meeting prior to the election of 
Mr. Oettmeier, explained one of 
the objectives of the session 
was to prevent a situation of 
"too little, too late" in fight- 
ing forest insect and disease 

(Continued on Page 10) 

Salvaging Under Way 
On State Forestland 

"Operation Salvage," one of 
the greatest forest salvage 
operations ever to be attempted 
in the Southeastern United 
States, today is under way on a 
21, 100 acre tract of state for- 
estland burned over in a series 
of devastating spring wildfires. 

The salvage operation is an 
aftermath of the forest fires 
which during the early days of 
March came whipping out of the 
drought-struck Okefenokee Swamp 
Park and turned the surrounding 
Ware County countryside into an 
area of palling smoke and sear- 
ing flames. 

Among areas hardest hit was 
the Waycross State Forest, which 
only a month earlier had been 
described by Georgia Forestry 
Commission Director Guyton 
DeLoach as "one of the finest 
stands of timber in the state. " 
Plans already were under way 
when the fires struck for a ma- 
jor improvement harvesting, in 
which some of the forest' s prime 
sawtimber, along with poles, 
pulpwood and a variety of other 
forest products would be removed. 

With 21,000 of the 37,000 acres 
of the forest scorched and char- 
red by the wildfires which had 
crossed them, the area stood 
immediately susceptible to the 
ravages of the pine beetle. 

State forestry officials, 
realizing that all wood not re- 
moved within 60 to 90 days fol- 
lowing the fires would be un- 
merchantable, began their plans 
for a gigantic salvage operation 
even as embers still smoldered 
within the boundaries of the 
fire line. 

With an estimated 65,000 to 
70,000 cords of wood to be re- 
served from the burned area, the 
race to "beat the beetles" be- 
came imminent. Governor Marvin 
Griffin, noting the time factor, 
immediately issued an executive 
order authorizing the Georgia 
Forestry Commission to dispense 
with normal time-consuming bid 
procedures and to negotiate 
directly with forest industries 
for sale of the fire damaged 

Assembling at a special emer- 

( Continued on Page 10) 

"LOGGERS DKtAM, " lett pnoto, loads sawtimber rapidly at concen- 
tration point. In right photo, Commission Foresters J. ||. Hall, 
and T. B. Hankinson scale sawlogs prior to loading on a truck at 
concentration area. 


"Pine *7*ec ?eAtlva£. rftttaett 76<MAa*td& 

Thousands of forestry-minded 
Georgians gathered last month at 
Swainsboro to participate in the 
tenth annual Emanual County Pine 
Tree Festival and to pay tribute 
to the festival theme, "Keep 
Pines Alive in '55." 

The week-long festival, cli- 
maxed by an address by Governor 
Marvin Griffin and by the color- 
ful and traditional Pine Tree 
parade, was described by Georgia 
forestry leaders witnessing the 
event as "...the best yet." 

A King Lumberjack contest to 
determine the community's cham- 
pion beard grower, a soap box 
derby, a golf tournament, a fat 
cattle show and a boat and water 
ski show formed a part of the 
week-long itinerary. 

Led by the Marine Corps band 
from Parris Island, the parade 
included eight other bands and 
dozens of floats. 

Governor Griffin, featured 
speaker, lauded Emanual Counti- 

ans for their part in Georgia's 
17 50,000,000 a year forest indus- 
try and outlined activities 
under way by the state of Georgia 
to insure "a future economy in 
which your forests and forest 
industries will continue to play 
a major role. 

With comely, blonde Linda 
Deckle reigning as 1^55 Festival 
Queen, festival contest winners 
were announced after the gover- 
nor' s talk. 

Contests and winners were as 
fol lows: 

Best school float: Swainsboro 
Elementary School; best organi- 
zational float: Town and Country 
Garden Club; best commercial 
float: Union Bag and Paper Corp- 
oration; Pine tree essay contest, 
Hughie Lawson; best window pos- 
ter, Eddie Lewis; best pine and 
pine cone arrangements, Mrs. E.D. 
Bennett; best window exhibit, 
Emil y Brown. 

Sara Ellen Phillips reigned as || 
County Farm Queen. jr 

1. Governor Marvin Griffin ad- 
dresses the festival group. 

2. Town and Country Garden Club 

3. Adrian School float. 

4. Union Bag ami Paper Corucra- 
tion lloat. 

5. Swainsboro Elementary School 

6. "Clowning it up'' in tne 


™«J^. 5"*5T»- 

JpT^ & 



MAY, 1955 

"Operation Salvage 

BtoXAf On Patje <2 




Two portable sawmills are in operation on the salvage area. The 
mills are relocated as the salvage progresses. In left photo, be- 
low, H. L. Winn, Madison County Forester, checks a carload of pulp- 
wood. In right photo, a mechanical loader fills a truck rapidly. 

Boundaries of separate cutting 
areas were established to guide 
woods operators. James 0. Reed, 
above, Commission Forester, 
Americus, marks a boundary. 

Henry Wi 11 iams, Management For- 
ester, above, marks a tree for 
cutting. Pole operations on 
below, produced some 
ty material. 

high qual 

Pulpwood c 
In photo be 
assembled at 

radles are 
low, Fores 

the woods for transport by truck. 
Darley checks pulpwood cradles 
ion point for loading on truck. 

ter H. 

Holland Ware, above, operates debarking machine. Green fence 
posts are debarked within three days after cutting prior to being 
treated with Osmose chemical. The debarked posts are passed 
through treating drum where they are saturated with Osmose chemical, 
photo below. 

After the green fence posts have been treated with tne preserving 
Osmose chemical they are stacked and stored under plastic covers, 
photo below, to permit the chemical to diffuse into the wood tissue. 

X Inaup Wood P> 
M ifta.f WaodUU \ 

Pre-commercial woodlot thin- 
nings- -those which farmers and 
landowners often term ''the 
little stuff ,'' ranging from two 
to five inches in diameter, to- 
day are yielding dollars and 
cents profits for a host of 
farmers in the West Georgia area. 

Those profits are being made 
possible through a Troup County 
wood preserving plant which has 
been in operation less than a 
year. The plant, the Cherokee 
Enterprises, of Hogansville, 
began operations in June, 1954, 
under management of owner Robert 
S. Ware. 

Today, some 10 months and 12, 
000 posts later, the plant is 
steadily gaining a reputation as 
No. 1 market for pre-commercial 
woodlot thinnings. 

Treatment and sale of the 
posts provides a profit for both 
the farmer bringing in the posts 
and for the treating plant alike. 

'Farmers are coming to rea- 
lize," says Mr. Ware, "that the 
average life of an untreated 
post is slightly more than three 
years. An osmose- process treat- 
ed post set in today, however, 
has an average life of 21 years." 

Fence posts three inches in 
diameter and six feet long are 
treated, with the price varying 
with diameter and length of the 
post. Post treatment forms the 
bulk of the operations; but poles 
also are given the osmose treat- 

Another plant operation con- 
sists of osmose treating of lum- 
ber. Mr. Ware has estimated 
that treated lumber, which costs 
approximately one third more 
than untreated, lasts irom three 
to five times as long. 

Most farmers who carry posts 
and poles to the firm purchase 


Tr » T5 — **' M Hi »■» 

-1L ilrl ** ~i| 

vtuUiXp Plant 
t*<t44tCfd ManJzet 

the treating service; but many 
others sell their green poles, 
posts, and lumber to Cherokee 
Enterprises directly. Untreated 
posts also are taken as payment 
for treated posts. 

Much of the wood which goes 
through the plant comes from 
the Ware Estate, which has 5,000 
acres of timberland. Cherokee 
Enterprises was conceived with 
Mr. Ware' s observation that a 
definite need existed on the 
trace for a good utilization of 
the smaller timber which is re- 
moved in thinnings while still 
not of merchantable size. 

"One of our chief require- 
ments," declared the owner, "is 
that wood be brought into the 
plant not later than three days 
after cutting. It is then de- 
barked, treated with osmosalts, 
and stacked on the yard under a 
plastic cover for thirty days. 
The wood can be removed and 
placed in the ground after thir- 
ty days. " 

Mr. Ware sells posts through 
a corps of dealers within a 50 
mile radius of Hogansville. 



■H.n iii ii 

T1 1-| 




1»» «T7 


Osmose treated fence posts processed and stacked on yard ready 
for sale, piioto above. Poles, shown below, as well as fence posts 
are treated with Osmose chemical. 

The owner-oper ator of Cherokee 
Enterprises is enthusiastic over 
the advantages of the Osmose 

"It's clean to nandle, " he 
sxplains. "It holds nailswell. 
It will take paint well, but 
ioesn' t need to be painted. It 
is also fire resistant. " 

The future of this progressive 
Georgia forest industry seems 
f/e] I assured. One of the best 
indications of its progressive 
prosperity is the ever-growing 
iopularity of cattle growing in 
lie area--an activity which, in 
urn, brings about an increased 
iemand for fence posts. 

Lumber of all dimensions, below, also may be treated with Osmose 
to prolong the life span of the wood. 


Craven, Gore Appointed 
To New Commission Posts 

Frank Craven 

Frank Craven, former Assistant 
District Forester in Charge of 
Fire Control for District 7, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, has 
been named District Forester for 
the same area. Robert J. Gore 
Jr., former District 7 Investi- 
gator, has been named the 
Commission's Chief Investigator. 

Mr. Craven, a graduate of the 
University of Georgia SchooJ of 
Forestry, began work with the 
Commission as Butts County 








Robert J. Gore Jr. 

Ranger September ]. 

He was transferred to the Rome 
District a year Jater as Assis- 
tant District Forester in charge 
of Fire Control . 

Mr. Gore, prior to coming to 
the Georgia Forestry Commission 
as District Investigator in 
November, 1951, served on the 
Cedartown Tol ice Force and Fire 
Department. He is a member of 
the Georgia Peace Officers 

WAYCROSS STATE FOREST SALVAGE- - Fell ing and bucking crews move 
relentlessly through timber as record salvage operations go forward 
on State Forest areas ravaged by tires in late march. 

,- . ' ^ " 

Average Farm 
In Georgia Has 
67 Woods Acres 

Each farm in Georgia today 
has an average of 67 woodland 
acres, a recent Federal survey 
of Georgia's forest resources 
has revealed. 

Results of the survey, con- 
tained in a recent publication 
of the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, "Georgia Trees—Op- 
portunities Unlimited," empha- 
size the importance of our wood- 
land resource, pointing out that 
trees "grow at the end of the 
cotton row. Woodlands greet you 
on every road leading from town. " 

The publication pointed out 
that one third or more of the 
area of every county in Georgia 
is in woodlands, ranging from 
35 percent in Terrell County to 
96 percent in Clinch County. 

Various forest types en- 
countered in the survey were 
listed. They included the 
longleaf and slash pine type of 
the lower and middle coastal 
plains; loblolly and shortleaf 
pine types of the upper coastal 
plains; and nor thward over the 

Piedmont and most of North Geor- 
gia except the mountain slopes; 
mountain hardwoods of Georgia's 
higher mountains, and bottom- 
land hardwoods along the rich, 
well-watered stream bottoms. 

"Georgia," according to the 
survey report, "has some of the 
fastest giowing timber in the 
country. Thus every section, 
every community of Georgia has 
forestl'ands which can contribute 
to our potential for employment, 
industry and weal th. 

The publ ication also reported 
the wide differences existing 
in the growth and cut balance 
from county to county. 

"Some counties," it was re- 
ported, "are growing annually 
twice as much pine timber as 
they are cutting; some are cut- 
ting twice as much as they are 

Rangers In 
The News 

Residences of Crisp County' s 
forest fire fighters now are 
centralized about the lookout 
tower, thanks to the combined 
efforts of Crisp County Ranger 
William Tvedt, the County Fores- 
try Board, and Marvin McKinney. 
The homes were built by Mr. 
McKinney, who rents them at low 
rates to the foresters on a long 
term basis. Fire suppression 
equipment also is stationed at 
the location; and the arrangement 
prevents Joss of valuable time 
in rounding up the fire crew 
when wildfire is reported after 
the men have gone off daytime 
duty. The name of "Rangervil 1 e' 
has been applied to the location. 


RANGER HOGGS RETIRES- -Fi re Investigator Robert Gore presents 
Floyd County Ranger George IV. Boggs, "|\|r. Forest Fire Protection of 
Floyd County" by reputation, with a plaque in token of his 18'/2 
years of faithful service. Ranger Boggs was the first Forest Ranger 
to head the Floyii County Unit when it was organized as the first 
County Forestry Unit in the state to operate as a single county 

FIRE PREVENTION BILLBOARD- -This attractive display is prominent 
on much- traveled Highway 41 near Lnadilla. Ranger Walter Spires of 
Dooly County has the cooperation of Clint B. Brannen in donating 
the sign space. Similar displays in nearby Crisp County were spon- 
sored by the Crisp Keep Green Council. 

Among the many Georgia Fores- 
try Commission Rangers coopera- 
ting with the current "Conser- 
vation Good Turn" program of 
Boy Scouts and Cub Scouts is 
Newton County Ranger Carl Dennis. 
The Ranger recently presented a 
program and demonstration for a 
group of Cub Scouts from Oxford. 
The group visited the Newton 
Tower, where Ranger Dennis and 
Towerwoman Mary Ki tchens showed 
them how fires are detected and 
" crossed out. " 

The County Forestry Unit head 
also told the boys of the forest 
management work under way in 
their county and described the 
duties of a forest ranger. 




\/ w ^g »g % c 






1955 Youth Forestry Camps 
To Attract Record Numbers 

Plans for a "full schedule" 
of summertime youth forestry 
camps throughout the Georgia 
area were announced this month; 
and the state' s forestry leaders 
reported a record number of boys 
and girls will attend the camps. 

Youth forestry camps for 1955 
will include the Boys Forestry 
Camp for Future Farmers of Amer- 
ica; the North Georgia 4-H Club 
Forestry Camp, the South Georgia 
4-H Club Forestry Camp, and the 
4-H Club Naval Stores Camp. 

The Future Farmers of America 
Camp, to be held June 27-July 2 
at Laura Walker State Park near 
Waycross, will attract 100 boys 
from the South Georgia Vo- 
cational District. The camp is 
sponsored by five member mills 
of the Southern Pulpwood Conser- 
vation Association, the Bruns- 
wick Pulp and Paper Company, St. 
Mary's Kraft Corporation, Union 
Bag and Paper Corporation, Macon 
Kraft Company, and Gair Wood- 
lands Inc. 

The Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission conducts the camp, and 
12 South Georgia vocational ag- 
riculture teachers will aid in 

The North Georgia 4-H Club 
Forestry Camp will be held May 
30-June 4 at Rock Eagle 4-H Club 
Center. Dorsey Dyer, Extension 
Forester, Georgia Extension Ser- 
vice, reported 50 boys repre- 
senting three North Georgia Ex- 
tension Districts and 50 girls 
representing counties throughout 
the state will attend. 

Speakers will include J. G. 
Bradberry, Vice President, Oper- 
ations, Bell Telephone Company, 
Atlanta; W. A. Sutton, Associ- 
ation Director, Extension Ser- 
vice, and E. A. Johnson, Coweta 
Hydrologic Laboratory, U. S. 
Forest Service, Franklin, S. C. 

The South Georgia 4-H Club 
Forest Camp will be held at 
Laura Walker State Park June 6- 
11 and will attract 100 boys 
from three South Georgia Exten- 
sion Districts. Speakers will 
include Guy ton DeLoach, Director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; 
J. J. Armstrong, General Manager, 
Woodlands Division, Union Bag 
and Paper Corporation, Savannah; 
C. C. Murray, Dean and Director, 
College of Agriculture, and W. F. 
Bazemore, President, First Na- 
tionao Bank, Waycross. 

(Continued on Pace 10) 

Pulpwood Conservation Association, at left, instructs a group at 
the 1954 Boys Forestry Camp in machine planting of tree seedlings. 

Brown Named 
GFA Officer 

Harvey R. Brown has been 
named Executive Secretary of the 
Georgia Forestry Association. 

That announcement came this 
month from Hugh W. Dobbs, Presi- 
dent of the Georgia Forestry 
Association. "We are fortunate 
in securing the services of a 
man with Mr. Brown' s background 
and experience in the field of 
organizational and promotional 
activities, " said Mr. Dobbs. 

Mr. Brown, a native of Nor- 
folk, Virginia, attended the 
University of California at 
Berkeley and was a resident of 
the West Coast for six years. 
He came to Atlanta in 1^41 in 
organizational work and entered 
the air force in 19 42, serving 
for three years as instructor in 
in the Eastern Training Command 
during World War II. 

A resident of Macon, Mr. Brown 
has been in organizational and 
promotional work for the past 1R 
years. He was manager of the 
Agricultural Department of the 
Macon Chamber of Commerce for 
the last two years. 

The Georgia Forestry Associ- 
ation is a non-profit, non- 
political organization supported 
by business, landowners, forest 
industries and interested pri- 
vate citizens working for the 
preservation and proper manage- 
ment of Georgia's forest re- 
sou rces. 


(Continued from Page 2) 
gency meeting in Waycross, some 
of the state's leading pulpwood 
companies agreed to purchase 
69,000 cords of timber at $3.25 
per cord. Lumber firms agreed 
to purchase 2, 300,000 board feet 
of sawtimber for «37,950. 

With harvesting negotiations 
completed, on-the-ground removal 
swiftly followed. The Georgia 
Forestry Commission quickly 
assigned seven technical fores- 
ters and rangers to oversee the 
harvesting operation--an oper- 
ation in which problems were 
intensified not only by a neces- 
sity for speed but also by the 
fact harvesting boundaries had 
to be laid and maintained for 
nearly 50 crews. 

Today a steady stream of for- 
est products is flowing daily 
from the Waycross State Forest. 
Within this 21,000 acre area, 
harvesting crews totalling 
nearly 500 men and dozens of 
pieces of equipment, ranging 
from simple power saws to com- 
pletely assembled sawmills, are 
at work. 

Together, these men and this 
equipment are accounting for a 
total daily production of 50,000 
board feet of sawlogs, 1,000 
standard cords of pulpwood, 
20,000 board feet of lumper, and 
a steady output of poles and 
sawed and hand hewn crossties. 


(Continued from Page 2) 

E. W. Renshaw, of the Division 
of State and Private Forestry, 
Region 8, li. S. Forest Service, 
described provisions of the Fed- 
eral Pest law which provides 
states funds for attacking for- 
est pest infestations. 

"One of the primary require 
ment for funds," he said, "is 
evidence of 100 per cent coop 
eration and coordination on the 
part of the affected state." 

.SaS^*"'." -^isJ 

CROSSTIES FROM "OPERATION SALVAGE"- -Crossties are an additional 
product being harvested in substantial volume on tne salvage in 
Southeast Georgia. 

R. E. Lee III, of Union bag 
and Paper Corporation, Savannah, 
described operation of a Texas 
committee similar to the newly 
formed Georgia organization. 

Committe members and organi- 
zations they represent, in addi- 
tion to Mr. Oettmeier and Mr. 
Traczewitz, are as follows: 

Charles Connaughton, U. S. For- 
est Service, Region 8, Atlanta,' 
and Mr. DeLoach, (both ex offi- 
cio members); Rep. Downing 
Musgrove, Tom Ramke , Tennessee 
Valley Authority, Chattanooga, 
Term. ; Wallace Adams, Georgia 
Research Council, Glenwood; A. 
Ray Shirley, American Turpentine 
Farmers Association, Valdosta; 
L. C. Hart, West Lumber Company, 
Atlanta, and N. G. Wade, of 
Folkston, (representing saw- 
mills); George Powers, Georgia 
Power Company, Mil ledgeTil le, 
Bannon Jones, Athens, Andrew J. 
Aultman, Warwick, and Rep. Down- 
ing Musgrove, ilomerville, (re- 
presenting landowners); Sidney 
Cooper, Brunswick Pulp and Paper 
Company, Brunswick, and N. R. 
Harding, Rome Kraft Corporation, 
Rome, (representing pulpmills), 
and Dorsey Dyer, Athens, Georgia 
Extension Service. 

E. L. Demmon, Southeastern 

Forest Exleriment Station, Ashe- 
ville, N. C. ; Andrew J. Aultman, 
Warwici.1, (representing land- 
owners); Owen Riley, of Columbus, 
(representing consulting fores- 
(ters); J. C. Spiers, of States 
boro, representing Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Associ- 
ation); J. D. Strange, of Val- 
dosta, Naval Stores Conservation 
Program, Valdosta; and Dean D.J. 
Weddell, University of Georgia, 

(Continued from Page 9J 

The 4-H Club Naval Stores Camp 
will be held at the Rock Eagle 
4-H Club Center August 16-19. 
Seventy- five boys and girls 
representing three South Georgia 
Extension Districts will attend. 
Speakers will include Judge Har- 
ley Langdale, of Valdosta, Pres- 
ident, American Turpentine 
Farmers Association; W. A. 
Sutton, Associate Director, 
Georgia Extension Service, and 
W. H. McComb, Chief, Reforesta- 
tion, Georgia Forestry Commission. 

The Naval Stores camp also 
will feature a girl's course in 
home improvement including in- 
struction on paints and 
varni sties. 

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'Keefc Cptee*t 'Witmen^f 



Treasure Hunt In Forestry 

( From the Mou 
Georgia landowners, under 
constant urging from forestry 
experts, have learned by ex- 
perience in recent years that 
money can grow on trees. The 
profits are not earned overnight, 
but land from which the timber 
has been cut in past decades can 
be made to produce healthy in- 
come in a matter of years. 

Georgia already is reaping 
some $7 50 million annually from 
her forests. The rate of re- 
forestation indicates that under 
normal processes this income 
will be built up considerably 
within the next decade. 

There is, however, an even 
more encouraging outlook for 
forest income through research. 
The University of Georgia re- 
ports that a giant treasure hunt 
is underway at Athens and that a 
group of forestry experts are 
working under conviction that 
better and bigger trees can be 
grown faster than now is being 

1 trie Observer) 

done and also that new uses can 
be found for the various trees 
which come from the forests. 

This search for woodland 
secrets undoubtedly will bear 
fruit. Within another decade or 
so many more uses for wood from 
the various types of trees which 
can be grown in Georgia will be 
found. New markets will be 
opened, both for better timber 
and for the lower quality trees. 

There is no problem at the 
moment of finding uses and a 
sale for top quality timber. 
For that reason, the researchers 
are concentrating also on new 
uses for lower quality trees in 
the hope of developing expanded 
markets for them. 

Reforestation already has 
proved its value. This new pro- 
gram of research should result 
in finding a bigger treasure in 

Vol. 8 


June, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 6 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR ... . Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS ... Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 


(From the Waycross 
Journal -Herald) 

It has been more than a month 
since raging wildfires came 
roaring out of the Okefenokee 
Swamp to destroy some 25,000 
acres of the best turpentine and 
timber land in South Georgia. 

Charred, desolate woodlands 
stand as a grim reminder of one 
of the worst forest fires in the 
state' s history. 

But for round-the-clock efforts 
of professional foresters and 
volunteers whole communities 
might have been wiped out. On 
one occasion the insatiable fire 
rolled within five miles of 

Ride down U. S. Highway 1 
South and east along the highway 
to Brunswick and everywhere the 
awesome destruction of the great 
fire is in evidence. 

Fires, like the big one last 
month, must be prevented. The 
March disaster will le felt for 
many years to come. A stand of 
trees can't be replaced over- 

We hope, as State Forester 
Guyton DeLoach suggests, that 
the fires will serve as a warn- 
ing to all Georgia that caution 
is imperative. 

Qua. QoveA 

retiring President, Georgia 
Forestry Association, meets Ran- 
gers of top counties in the 1955 
Keep Georgia Green Contest. The 
group includes, left to right, 
Mr. Dobbs; George Bowers, Barrow 
County; J. C. Bowen, Ben Hill 
County; Owen J. Dean, Stephens 
County; L. ». Tondee, Schley 
County; and William Tvedt, Crisp 
County. Crisp County placed 
first and Ben Hill County ranked 

JUNE, 1955 

Crisp County Wins 
Keep Green Contest 

Crisp. County today reigns as 
the 1955 champion of the Georgia 
Forestry Association's Keep 
Georgia Green Contest. 

Ben Hill County placed second 
in the annual contest, and 
Barrow, Schley, and Stephens 
County, runners-up, were given 
honorable mention awards. 

Crisp County, represented by 
Ranger William Tvedt, was awarded 
the first prize of 11,000, and 
Ranger Tvedt was awarded $100 
for his .p-art in leading the 
county to the championship. 

Ben Hill County, represented 
by Ranger J. C. Bowen, was a- 
warded a $500 second prize. 
Runner-up counties, represented 
by Rangers George Bowers, L. W. 
Tondee, and Joe Dean, each re- 
ceived awards of $100. 

Announcement of the winning 
counties was made at Augusta 
last month during the annual 
joint meeting sessions of the 
Georgia Chapter of the Society 
of American Foresters, the Alum- 
ni Association of the Georgia 
School of Forestry, and the 
Georgia Forestry Association. 

The award presentations high- 
lighted a special luncheon at 
which former Governor Herman E. 
Talmadge was chief speaker. The 
former state executive lauded 
the Association f or " the tremen- 
dous role enacted in the field 
of forestry during the past 
quarter of a century, " and he 
cited the challenges which still 
lie ahead for Association 

Association members elected 
Robert H. Rush, of Hawkinsvil ] e, 
new president. Hugh Dobbs, of 
Atlanta, former president, was 
named first vice president, and 
A. E. Patton, of Atlanta, was 
named secretary and treasurer. 

Alumni Association members 
elected Guyton DeLoach, of 
Atlanta, as president; Richard 
Mordecai Jr., of Savannah, as 
vice president, and Reid Parker, 
of Athens, as secretary and 

The Alumni meeting and a later 
Alumni luncheon, at which Joseph 
A. Williams, assistant to the 
president of the University of 
Georgia, addressed the group, 
opened the joint sessions. 

Talmadge addresses joint 

I Continued on Page 10) 
TOP WINNERS- -Kirk Sutlive presents second place place plaque, 1 

award to Ben Hill County Ranger J. C. Bowen as re- Turner, Crisp 

tiring GFA President Hugh Uobbs looks on, left Sutlive, Crisp 

photo. Participating in presentation of first Mr. Dobbs. 

SPEAKERS- -Technical session 
speakers included, left to right 
above, J. P. Wright, C. E. Clapp 
and T. C. Evans. 

eft photo, left to right , are Dan 
Cointy Keep Green Chairman, Mr. 
County Ranger William Tvedt, and 



Okefenokee Swamp Fires Leap Bounds 
Again In Southeast Georgia Counties 

Smoldering flames deep within 
the Okefenokee Swamp, retarded 
but never completely extinguished 
during rains of late April, last 
month fanned out into adjoining 
counties as Southeast Georgia 
once again faced emergency for- 
est fire conditions. 

Charlton and Clinch Counties 
faced the brunt of the wildfire 
attack, and the Georgia Forestry 
Commission in cooperation with 
South Georgia forest industries, 
set up emergency camps in those 
two counties. Later Lowndes 
County faced a similar emergency 
situation, and additional man- 
power and equipment were sent to 
that area to halt the flames. 

Much of Charlton County's fire 
fighting activity centered about 
an area already burned earlier 
in the disastrous "Mule Tail 
fire." Dead and dying slash in 
this area provided additional 
fuel. Further southward in the 
swamp, fire in an area known as 
Soldiers' Island raged out of 
control and finally swept on to 
form an eight mile front in 
Florida' s Baker County. 

With the danger situation still 
high inCharl ton County, a series 
of fires south of Homerville in 
the Durand area necessitated 
setting up of another emergency 

Although many acres were 
burned during the emergency 
situations, the round-the-clock 
work of the dozens of fire 
fighters, both local crews and 
Commission personnel transported 
in from as far away as Stephens 
and Floyd Counties, were credited 
with confining much of the wild- 
fire in the swamp itself and 
with the saving of hundreds of 
thousands of acres of valuable 
timber which, through their 
efforts, still stand green and 
growing in South Georgia today. 

NIGHT FLAMES- -Fires burned night ami day in many parts of South- 
east Georgia during t >e critical period. 

HEAVY S'sJOKE- -Pi liars of smoke rise from the burning woods and 
swamplands. Okefenokee fires, right, were a constant threat to 
Charlton, ivare. am; Clinch Counties. 

HEAVY E^CIPftiENT UTILIZED- -Heavy equipment and manpower from Com- 
mission units and from industries was used in halting the tires. 

Baud, Gamp, 

More than a hundred future 
Farmers of America from through- 
out south Georgia have their 
sights set on Laura Walker State 
Park, Waycross. They are anti- 
cipating the 1955 Boys Forestry 
Camp to be held there June 27 
through July 2. 

Approximately 125 persons 
including campers, vocational 
ag teachers, group supervisors 
and instructors will be present 
at the camp. 

Following their registration 
and assignment to quarters on 
June 27 at 2 p.m., the boys will 
begin participating in a full 
schedule of instruction and 
recreation. They will receive 
instruction in such phases of 
forestry as fire control , use 
of hand tools and equipment, 
thinning, mensuration, refores- 
tation, marketing, insect and 
disease, and harvesting. 

A special demonstration on 
Insect Control by Dr. R. 0. 
Harrison, U. S. Forest Service, 
and one on Hardwood Control and 
Naval Stores by C. Dorsey Dyer, 
Georgia Extension Forester will 
be features of the forestry 

Highlighting the entertainment 
portion of the camp will be a 
field trip to Okefenokee Swamp 
Park. Other recreational activ- 
ities will include baseball, 
horseshoes and swimming. 

Prizes will be awarded to the 
grand forestry exam high scorer 
and to the outstanding camper. 

Instructors will be J. C. 
Turner, Fire Control Assistant, 
Georgia Forestry Commission; 
Eugene D. Martin, Gair Woodlands 
Corp.; J. F. Spiers, SPCA; C. 
Mathewson, St. Mary's Kraft 
Corp.; R. E. Davis, Information 
and Education Chief, Georgia 
'{Continued on Page 10) — 

THE BIG MOMENT- -Kirk Sutlive presents $100 bills to representa- 
tives of the three runner-up counties, Stephens, Scnley and Barrow, 
at the Keep Georgia Green luncheon, (photo above) 

'GRAND OLD MAN' OF FORESTRY- -B. M. Luf burrow, veteran forester 
and former GFA Executive Secretary, is seen at meeting with Prof. 
B. F. Grant, center, University of Georgia School of Forestry, ami 
H. E. Ruark, Fire Control Chief, Georgia Forestry Commission, (left 
photo, below) 

NEW ASSOCIATION HEAD- -Robert H. Rush, of Hawkinsville, accepts 
tne Georgia Forestry Association presidential gavel from the retir- 
ing president, Hugh Dobbs. (right photo, above) 

SAF LEADERS- -Officers of tne Georgia Chapter, Society of American 
Foresters, are, left to right, H. P. Allen, of Newton, Secretary- 
Treasurer; Erie T. Newsom, ol Macon, Chairman, and E. T. Hawes, of 
Valuosta, Vice Chairman. (photo below) 



KM A. jS^^h* 



Atkeni-Mactut HeieaAclt Gente*. 
QitudUuj, Way* *Ja fyte JlaAdiuaadi 

One of the South's most chal- 
lenging research projects-- 
finding ways to use and to better 
manage the thousands of acres of 
hardwoods now dotting the Pied- 
mont area- -today is under way in 

Representing cooperation with 
the University of Georgia School 
of Forestry, the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission and the Georgia 
Research Council, this work, one 
of the leading projects of the 
Athens -Macon Research Center of 
die U. S. Forest Service's 
Southeastern Experiment Station, 
is expected in the monthsand 
years to come to have a direct 
bearing on the economic pros- 
perity of Georgia and of the 
entire southland. 

"Recent forest surveys, " Dr. 
W. A. Campbell, the Center's Re- 
search Leader, explained, "show 
a striking increase in Southern 
hardwood area and volume- -of ten 
as a partial result of heavy use 
of pine. Millions of acres now 
support stands of little-used 
hardwoods for which some use 
must be found before better 
trees can be grown. " 

Dr. Campbell pointed out in- 
formation also is needed on 
methods of growing high quality 
hardwoods on better forest soils. 

Three categories mark the work 
now under way at Athens. 

Research on methods of growing 
and managing southern hardwoods 
is one of these categories. The 
second project consists of re- 
search on utilizing hardwoods of 
different species. The third 
project is the study of how 
diseases and insects lessen 
value and utilization of southern 

" Ry integrating these three 
projects," the Center Leader 
declared, "we believe ways can 

CENTER LEADER- -W. A. Campbell, 
above, Research Center leader at 
the School of Forestry in Athens, 
represents the Southeastern For- 
est Experiment Station. 

be found to increase the value 
of hardwoods to the South's 
fores"t economy. " 

Studies also have started to 
develop methods of planting 
several hardwood species on 
different sites. Fonesters are 
studying mature hardwood trees 
growing on different soils and 
sites to learn which soils are 
best suited for growing hard- 

Experimental areas have been 
selected where foresters will 
manage hardwood stands on the 
same basis a small landowner 
might use, determining potential 
incomes from hardwoods compared 
with pine. 

Lack of markets for low grade 
hardwoods long has been a serious 
problem. Construction of a new- 
ly designed kiln to convert low 
grade hardwoods to charcoal is a 
step toward sol ving that problem. 
Marketing studies on charcoal 

now are under way. 

New preservative treatments 
are being tested for hardwood 
fence posts in the hope that 
thinning operations in hardwood 
stands will result in a product 
of value rather than in a pile 
of brush to be burned or left to 

The research group is investi- 
gating what long has been the 
contention of many foresters-- 
that the removal of low grade 
hardwoods, followed by good 
management methods, will result 
in high value hardwood forests. 

With the work now under way in 
Georgia and with the additional 
hardwood research projects being 
conducted in other southern 
states, the Piedmont's hardwoods 
may someday occupy a position 
equal with its pines as one of 
the area's outstanding farm 



' ri B*£ 

■ IIU4hra> M m M tm < 

i hardwood and other forestry projects throughout 
i are many and varied. They include green house 

and laboratory (left) and lathe-house and experimental 
beds (right), at the Georgia Forestry Center at Macon. 

, top center, at the Georgia Forestry Center in- 
left to right, E. V. Brender, A. A. Foster, C. S. 
, J. C. Barber, R. P. Harrison, and Keith W. 
Seeo testing and research are carried on at 

Georgia Forestry Center' s Research building, top right. 
Utilization experiments are carried on at charcoal kiln, 
below, left, at School of Forestry. A dry kiln, below, 
right, is under construction at School of Forestry. 

^?S bS 

*- - >, » 


QeaiXfia Maple Block Co. 

Outstanding among the thousands 
of small forest products manu- 
facturing plants helping form 
the state's giant forest indus- 
try is the Georgia Maple Block 

located at Jonesboro, this 
unusual industry supplies meat 
blocks, butchers tables, labora- 
tory table tops and woodtops for 
benches and cabinets to pur- 
chasers throughout the United 
States. Steak boards, made from 
Georgia's Red or White Oak, are 
made for hotel and restaurant 

Owned and directed by Ed Rawls, 
the firm began operation in 1954 
and now employs 14 persons. Cur- 
rent production is a carload per 
month, and distribution is on 
wholesale level exclusively. 

Each workman is a skilled 
artisan, for the custom produc- 
tion of the blocks, tables and 
tops entails the use of high 
skills in the sawing, ripping, 
shaping, dressing, drilling and 
gluing steps. The operations 
are highly mechanized, with many 
of the machine tools having been 
individually built by Mr. Rawls. 

Forest Fire 

Announcement by an insurance 
firm that forest fire insurance 
now is available in Georgia and 
five other southern states has 
been termed equally as important 
in the economic development of 
the South' s timber producing 
lands as the states' organized 
fire protection systems. 

J. Walter Myers Jr., Executive 
Director, Forest Farmers Associ- 
ation, made that report this 
month as he pointed out the 
South Carolina Insurance Company 
now is accepting applications 
for forest fire insurance in 
Georgia in five other southern 

Until this announcement, no 
firm would issue insurance a- 
gainst wildfire in the south. 

Immediate developments which 
may be expected, according to 
Mr. Myers, include the following: 

More available capital for 
development of forestlands. 

Increase in accesibility of 
timber loans, with consequent 
reduction in mortgage rates. 

Timberland owners to demand 
better fire protection to reduce 
premium rates. 

Wildfire law enforcement ef- 
forts to be supported by the 
insurance industry and to receive 
increased support from the public. 

Forest practices to improve, 
since premium rates will be 
geared to effectiveness of these 

ASSEMBLY LINE- -The Georgia Ma- 
ple Block Company assembly line 
is set up in a large quonset 
structure (top photo). Ed Morris, 
bottom left photo, uses a spe- 
cially mouited drill to bore for 
legs of a butcher' s table. In 
bottom right photo, William 
Corine operates joiner to pre- 
pare meat block sections for 

JUNE, 1955 

^Ue (loM+tdufi 

Rangers In The News 

The part played by the Catoosa 
County Forestry Unit in that 
county's Agricultural Develop- 
ment Board has been highlighted 
in a recent publication issued 
by the organization. Entitled 
"A Report of Progress for 1954," 
the booklet describes the way in 
which the county's various agri- 
cultural agencies have cooperated 
in improving use of agricultural 

The chapter dedicated to the 
Board's Forestry Committee 
describes the work of the County 
Forestry Unit, headed by Ranger 
Ralph Clark, and lists the many 
conservation and forest fire 
prevention activities in which 
the Unit engages. 

FOREST FIUE YICTIM--uestruction of wildlife is one of the little 
realized but still tragic results of forest fires. This deer, 
lying on the parched and fire scorched earth, is the victim of a 
recent disastrous ttare County wildfire. 

Saving of two homes and thou- 
sands of nearby woodland acres 
from the ravages of a forest 
fire resulted in the following 
letter, (reprinted from Page 1 
of the Carroll ton Daily Times 
-Free Press), to Carroll County 
Ranger B. J. Bivens: 

"Mr. Johnson and I want to 
thank you for so val iantly saving 
our house and that of Mrs. 
Marian Andrews in the fire at 
Buck Creek last Saturday after- 
noon. In the prevailing wind, 
we realize only the untiring 
efforts of you and our good 
neighbors spared both dwellings. 

"Words can't express our 
appreciation, but we will ever 
hold in grateful rememberance 
your kindness. " 

The letter was written by Mrs. 
George S. Johnson, of Atlanta. 

Fulton County timberland owner, is F»resented with the first policy 
issued by tne South Carolina Insurance Company. Harold G. Hale, 
center, company representative, presents the policy. Mr. LeCrav 
insured 206 acres of hardwood and Loblolly pine for $5,275. J. 
Walter Myers, Executive Director, Forest Farmers Association, 
Atlanta, witnesses the presentation. 


Pest Control 


Plans for setting up individual 
forest pest control committees 
in each of Georgia' s 159 counties 
were outlined recently at Way- 
cross at the first official 
session of the Georgia Forest 
Pest Committee' s executive group. 

Meeting under leadership of 
Committee Chairman W. M. Ottmeier, 
of Fargo, the group proposed 
that a committee representative 
meet with leaders of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, the Georgia 
Extension Service and the Soil 
Conservation Service to enlist 
their cooperation in setting up 
county committees. 

Heads of these agencies would 
be called on to issue letters to 
their representatives in the 
counties-- the county ranger, the 
county agent, and the county 
soil conservationist. These 
three representatives would form 
the core of the county committees. 
These three would add other 
members later. 

Group meetings, at which coun- 
ty representatives would receive 
briefings on detection tech- 
niques, reporting and similar 
tasks, have been proposed for 
each forestry district. 

The Executive Committee agreed 
that current work should be con- 
centrated in areas of heavy and 
medium forest insect and disease 

Earlier during the session, 
E. W. Renshaw, of Atlanta, U. S. 
Forest Service, suggested that, 
if necessary, plans might be 
made to obtain federal funds for 
the next fiscal year. 

"Such action, "Mr. Renshaw 
added, "should be based on 
whether or not insect control 
would be feasible and whether 

(Continued on Page 10) 

HomervHIe Takes First Place 
In 1955 School Forest Program 

The Homerville FFA Chapter has 
been awarded first place in 
Georgia's 1955 school forest 
program, according to announce- 
ment by W. J. Bridges, Jr., Man- 
ager of the Woodlands Division 
of Union Bag and Paper Corpora- 
tion at Savannah, sponsor of the 
program, and T. G. Walters, 
State Supervisor of the Georgia 
Department of Agricultural Edu- 
cation, co-sponsors of the pro- 

In addition to the state winner 
top FFA Chapters were also se- 
lected in "Vo-Ag" Districts I 
and II. Soperton High captured 
first prize in District II with 
Ludowici a close second. Bain- 
bridge High took top honors in 
District I with Sylvester as 

For its outstanding accomplish- 
ment on its 10- acre school forest 
and in the classroom the Clinch 
County Chapter will receive $175 
and FFA Advisor Joe Brooks will 
be $100 richer. The district 
winners and their advisors will 
receive $75 each while the run- 
ners-up will each receive $50. 
The prize money is awarded by 
Union Bag. 

Other schools which were con- 
sidered by the judges for awards 
were Wayne County, Nicholls, Mt. 
Vernon-Ailey, and Berrien County 
High. Judges were James C. Tur- 

ner, Georgia Forestry Commission, 
Macon; Elmo Hester, Farm Editor, 
Atlanta Journal, Atlanta; and 
James F. Spiers, Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association, 

Outstanding projects carried 
out on the Homerville forest in- 
cluded thinned and unthinned 
growth comparison plots, a plan- 
tation testing growth of 1 obi ol ly 
and slash pine on the same site, 
eradication of cull hardwoods, a 
fence post deterioration test, 
improvement cutting studies, a 
pruning project, and many others. 
Other accomplishments included a 
twenty- five minute color movie 
of all forestry activity and 
other outstanding classroom and 
shop work in studying forest 
management and making forestry 
tools and instruments. 

Features of the Soperton for- 
est, which is leased to the 
chapter by local landowner J. C. 
Stephens, included a quail 
feeder, naval stores studies, 
and erosion control in addition 
to other projects set forth in 
the program. 

Bainbridge, in addition to 
having a well-rounded forestry 
program in every respect, held 
a big demonstration on the 
school forest for chapter mem- 
bers and local landowners. 

HOMERVILLE FFA PL0T--School forest judges and FFA officials, check 
a plot on the Homerville school forest. They are, left to right, 
Elmo Hester, Atlanta Journal farm editor; J. L. Branch, Vo-Ag super- 
visor; Joe Brooks, Homerville teacher; Richard James, FFA president; 
James Spiers, SPCA area forester, and James Turner, Georgia Forestry 

SPCA Holds 
Area Meet 

Problems in selling conserva- 
tion to timber! and owners was 
one of the leading discussion 
topics of a recent area meeting 
of the Southern FijJpwood Conser- 
vation Association at Savannah. 

More than 125 representatives 
of the pulp and paper industries 
of Georgia, Florida and South 
Carolina attended the two-day 
session early last month. 

Clarke Mathewson, of St. Mary's 
Kraft Corporation, area chairman, 

Speakers were H. J. Mai sberger, 
SPCA General Manager; Talmadge 
Arnette, of Union Bag and Paper 
Corporation; C. E. Millwood, of 
International Paper Company; 
John Gill, of Macon Kraft Corpo- 
ration; C. H. Neiderhoff, of 
West Virginia Pulp and Paper 
Company; J. T. Dotts, of Gair 
Woodlands Corporation, and L. A. 
Whittle, of Brunswick Pulp and 
Paper Company. 

F. H. Robertson Jr. , of Inter- 
national Paper Company, acted as 
master of ceremonies at the 
group' s banquet. 

The banquet concluded the two 
day session. 

HEAVY SUPPRESSION UNIT ON THE SCENE- -A heavy suppression unit is 
unloaded from a transport in Clinch County. Only a few minutes 
later the tractor was in action on the fire line. 

Hine, assistant regional fores- 
ter, U. S. Forest Service, 
Region 8, Atlanta, was honored 
at the banquet with presentation 
of the Nash Conservation award. 

Speakers at the Association 
meeting and their topics were 
Monroe F. Green, of Columbia, 
S. C. , who spoke on "Forest Fire 
Insurance," Rep. John E. Shef- 
field, of Quitman, who spoke on 
"Recent Forestry Legislation in 
Georgia," and W. A. Campbell, 
Research Center Leader, U. S. 
Forest Service, Athens, who 
spoke on "Forestry Research in 
Georgia. " 

QUifL Itfuti,-- Boys Camp— 

(Continued from. Page 2) 

Forest inventory methods were 
described during the first after- 
noon by H. B. Matthias, of Rome, 
Ga. ; S. A. Boutwell, of Savannah; 
J. P. Wright, of Savannah; W. H. 
McComb, of Atlanta; T. C. Evans, 
of Asheville, N. C. ; C. E. Clapp, 
of Atlanta, and T. C. Nelson, of 

Clarence N. Walker, executive 
staff representative of the Coca 
Cola Company, Atlanta, addressed 
the joint banquet meeting. W. R. 

(Continued from Page U) 

Forestry Commission; John F. 
Margraves, Jr., St., Mary's Kraft 
Corp.; James H. Colson, Macon 
Kraft Co.; James Reid, Troy 
Simmons, Wayne Manning, Sam 
Martin, Robert Randall, B. P. 
Murray, Carl is McLeod, Assis- 
tant District Foresters, Georgia 
Forestry Commission; W. J. 
Schultz, Union Bag and Paper 
Corp.; Don Lynch, Brunswick Pulp 
and Paper Co. ; C. Dorsey Dyer, 
Georgia Agricultural Extension 
Service; Robert Harrison, South- 

eastern Forest Experiment 
Station; and T. B. Hankinson, 
Managemen t Fie 1 d Assistant, 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

The FFA Boys Forestry Camp, 
sponsored yearly by the five 
member mills of the Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Association, 
is directed by the Georgia For- 
estry Commission. 

Pest Control- 

(Continued from Page 9) 

landowners and the state would 
be willing to subscribe funds. 
The federal support would amount 
to 25 per cent. " 

A. Ray Shirley, Secretary, 
American Turpentine Farmers 
Association, stressed company 
cooperation in harvesting of bug 
damaged timber. He said large 
areas could be harvested commer- 
cially and small areas treated 
with insecticide. 

R. J. Kowal, Chief Division of 
Pest Insect Research, South- 
eastern Forest Experiment Sta- 
tion, pointed out that ips con- 
dition has not decreased this 
year as it would under normal 

























































12.500,000 CORDS 


25,000,000 CORDS 

esearch and Education 
Point the Way to 
Expanded forest 



"he Public And Forest Fires 

(From the Rome Tribune) 

In Sweden, a person caught 
setting a forest fire goes to 
jail not for weeks, but for 
years. When there is a fire, 
everybody turns out to fight 
it--not just paid foresters, but 

In many parts of Georgia, there 
is- a public apathy which is 
actually costing millions of 
dollars in devastating forest 

In a talk recently in Savannah, 
G. W. E. Nicholson, executive 
vice president of the Union Bag 
and Paper Company, put the blame 
for forest fires directly on the 
publ ic. 

More than 80 per cent of Geor- 
gia forest fires are set by 
incendiaries, he said. Most of 
the rest are caused by careless- 
ness. Natural causes, such as 

lightning, are responsible for 
only about five per cent of all 
forest fires. 

Georgia's forestry products 
are valued at about one billion 
dollars a year. 

That could be doubled or 
tripled, Mr. Nicholson said, "but 
not unless you do something 
about the fires. " 

Northwest Georgia has an excel- 
lent record of fire protection 
and fire fighting. State, coun- 
ty, and private organizations 
work closely together to protect 
our valuable woodlands. 

But, all of the money spent 
for woodlands protection, for 
conservation, and for investment 
in plants to use wood can be 
wiped out by a carelessly tossed 
match, or by a farmer unthink- 
ingly burning weeds or brush. 

Vol. 8 


July, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 7 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr. Alamo 

John M. McElratli Macon H. O. Cummings— Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 


Fire Precautions 

(From the Augusta Chronicle) 

The continued dry weather is 
not only causing concern for 
gardens" and farm crops, it is 
also creating new uneasiness 
about forest fires due to care- 
lessness of human beings who 
forget the dangers of a tossed 
cigarette or an unquenched camp 

With summer practically here 
jaunts to outdoor pleasure 
places will become more and more 
frequent and -- as usual -- this 
is going to mean an increase in 
forest fires, despite vigilant 
efforts to protect the state's 
valuable timber resources. 

In preventing these fires the 
authorities must rely primarily 
upon cooperation from the publ ic. 
This makes it doubly necessary 
for the traveling public and 
outdoor party groups to set a 
careful watch upon their own 
conduct. The carelessly tossed 
match frequently does not go 
out but, fiendishly, finds dry 
grass or trash in which to start 
a blaze. The cigarette butt 
also, flung thoughtlessly from 
a speeding car, often does the 

Camp fires in which the last 
red spark is not quenched are 
often fanned to the danger 
point by sudden winds or a slow 
gathering of force. 

Make a point of obeying the 
rule for outdoor camping which 
says "cover that fire." 

Georgia's forest potential 
presents "Opportunities Unlim- 
ited"-- a beckoning challenge. 
This challenge canbemet through 
research and education. Research 
provides the "know-how." Public 
education makes possible the 
knowledge, acceptance and use 
of improved forest practices. 
The result can be a doubled for- 
est production in Georgia. 

JULY, 1 955 

Five Counties 
Establish New 
Forestry Units 

Five additional counties, con- 
taining nearly 600,000 acres of 
forestland, joined forces July 1 
with the organized protection 
system of the Georgia Forestry 

The counties are Miller, 
Echols, Dawson, Forsyth and Oco- 

Bringing of these forestlands 
under protection brings to a 
total of 143 the number of Geor- 
gia counties under organized 
protection of the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission. 

The only Georgia counties not 
now under protection are Baker, 
Quitman, Randolph, Webster, Fay- 
ette, Jeff Davis, Johnson, Peach, 
Glascock, Lanier, Union, Towns, 
White, Hart, Talliaferro, and 

District Forester Hugh P. 
Allen, of Camilla, reported 
Miller County has 86,300 acres 
of forestland. A ranger and a 
patrolman will compose permanent 
personnel, and a towerman will 
be employed six months out 
of every year. Mechanized sup- 
pression equipment will consist 
of a small plow and tractor. 

District Forester G. W. Lavin- 
der, of Waycross, reported Echols 
County contains 254,700 acres of 
forestland. A ranger patrolman, 
and a towerman-dispatcher will 
consist of a large plow and 
tractor and a half ton pickup. 

District Forester 0. C. Burtz, 
of Gainesville, reported Dawson 
County contains 107,000 acres of 
forestland and Forsyth County's 
wooded area totals 96,900 acres. 
Dawson County's permanent person- 
nel will consist of a ranger, a 
patrolman and a towerman. An 
assistant patrolman will be on 
duty four months each year. 
Mechanized equipment will con- 
(Continued on Page 10) 

Georgia Leads Again 
In Seedling Production 

Georgia once again has scored 
a record-breaking forest tree 
seedling production season, with 
an all-time output of 117,210,007 
seedlings during the 1954-55 

This production of more than 
117 million seedlings again 
placed Georgia in the lead of all 
48 states in seedling production. 

Burke County, with 3,396,740 
seedlings, led the planting list. 
Runner-up counties and the seed- 
lings planted in them were 
Jenkins, 3,193,660; Charlton, 
3,034,660; Dodge, 2,774,650; 
Lowndes, 2,280,000; Camden, 
2,181,778; Decatur, 1,833,600; 
Laurens, 1,807,400; Crawford, 
1,717,500, andTelfair, 1,694,854 

Davisboro Nursery produced 
36,089,000, Horseshoe Bend 
Nursery produced 31, 979, 508 seed- 
lings. Herty Nursery produced 
25,389,058 seedlings and High- 
tower Nursery produced 22,321, 

Seedlings shipped to Georgia's 
159 counties, by forestry dis- 
tricts, were as follows: 

District 1 -- Bryan, 466,150; 
Bulloch, 815, 600; Burke, 3,396, 
740; Candler, 469,500; Chatham, 
730,800; Effingham, 339,500, 
Emanuel, 1,561,000; Evans, 255, 
000; Jenkins, 3, 193,660; Liberty, 
186,316; Long, 1,443,800; Mcin- 
tosh, 886,635; Screven, 540,400; 
and Tattnall, 177,000. 

District 2 -- Baker, 471,000; 
(Continued on Page 10) 

Counties l iidcr Provection 
Since July 1, 1955 

V'n^ ^~p— 

l*" B,, | '"**'» 


/ KT 




Cone Collection Plans Ca 
Bushels For Reforestation 

PJ ans for the greatest and 
most intensive pine cone collec- 
tion in the history of the state 
were announced this month by the 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Current plans call for collec- 
tion of nearly 66,000 bushels ol 
cones. Seeds from the cones 
will be used in the Commission' s 
vast reforestation program. 

Guyton DeL.oach, Commission 
Director, reminded Georgians 

CASH CROP- -Worker gathers 
cones, another woodlands' fall 
cash crop. 

that the success of future 
Georgia reforestation programs 
will hinge directly upon results 
of the 1955 cone collection. 

"A large percentage of the 
seed used for planting in the 
Commission's four nurseries, " he 
explained, "comes from the cones 
gathered in these annual collec- 
tions. Georgia's farmers and 
landowners in recent years have 
shown they need and can use more 
than 1,000,000 seedlings each 
season. If enough cones are not 
gathered, we will have to reduce 
substantially our nursery pro- 
duction goals- -a reduction which 
will be feltbyall persons plan- 
ning on planting and growing 
trees as a crop during coming 
seasons. " 

San ford Darby, Commission Re- 
forestation Chief, pointed out 
that pine cones are today's "for- 
gotten crop" on many Georgia 

"We are paying to persons pick - 
ing pine cones, " he said, "prices 
ranging from 50 cents to $2 a 
bushel. !Vhny farmers still fail 
to realize, however, that a crop 
worth this amount of money actu- 
al 1 y will be hanging on their 
trees this fall, waiting only to 
be picked. " 

The reforestation chief said 
the Commission will pay 50 cents 
a bushel for longleaf pine and 
90 cents a bushel for slash pine. 
Payment to pickers for loblolly 
pine cones is $1.25 per bushel 
and payment for white pine cones 
is $2 per bushel . 

Mr. Darby said the Commission 
also is seeking additional deal- 
ers this year to set up cone 
collection stations. Persons 
wishing to serve as dealers and 
to obtain prices paid to dealers 
are asked to contact their County 
Forest Ranger or the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, State Capi- 

For 66,000 

tol, Atlanta. 

The Hangers also will notify 
both pickers and dealers when to 
begin picking the various species. 

The reforestation official em- 
phasized, however, that cones of 
any species picked before Sep- 
tember 5 will not be accepted by 
by the Commission. He said the 
State of Florida and private 
organizations making cone col- 
lections had set that same rule 
this season and explained that 
few seeds will germinate from 
cones picked prior to Sep- 
tember 5. 

The 1955 cone collection quota 
is 35 per cent greater than the 
1954 collection. Current plans 
call for collection of 15,000 
bushels of loblolly, 50,000 
bushels of slash, 700 bushels of 
longleaf, and as much white pine 
as will be possible to obtain. 

Quotas of bushels for Commis- 
sion districts are as follows 
Statesboro district, 15,150 
Camilla, 5,200; Americus, 7,150 
Newnan, 5,000; McRae, 12,600 
Milledgeville, 3,000; Rome, 575 
Waycross, 13,100; Gainesville, 
1,100, and Washington, 3,000. 

Mr. DeLoach urged al 1 Georgia 
citizens participating in cone 
collection activities this year 
to sell their cones to Georgia 
collection groups rather than to 
other states. 

"Cones sold to the Commission," 
he explained, "will be utilized 
in Georgia and seeds from the 
cones will be planted in Georgia 
forest tree nurseries for dis- 
tribution to Georgians. Selling 
of cones to other states will be 
of little benefit to the Georgia 
farmer and landowner, for the 
majority of seeds from these 
cones will be planted in other 

JULY, 1 955 

Everybody Helped 

Q*U<bp, r l WinsvLrtXf Keep, Qleen PnxHjAxim 

Winning first place in the 
annual Georgia Forestry Associ- 
ation Keep Green contest is no 
one-man task. 

That's the concensus of the 
Crisp County Keep Green Commi t- 
tee--the group which spearheaded 
the activities resulting in that 
cointy's capture of the coveted 
$1,000 first place award. 

"Credit in the contest, " ex- 
plained Crisp Ranger William 
Tvedt, "goes to the entire com- 
munity rather than to any single 
individual. Day-in, day-out 
concentration on forest fire 
prevention by a large and rep re - 
sentative segment of our 
population was what 'brought 
home the bacon' for our county 
in this '55 contest." 

Crisp County, with 78,000 of 
its 190,000 acres in woodland, 
showed less than two thirds of 
a fire per 2,000 wooded acres. 
The county's Keep Green efforts 
ranged from building emergency 
fire tool sheds to conducting 
radio quiz contests oi forestry 
for schoolchildren. 

Woodland tours and "show me'' 
trips on which good forestry 
practices were cited were comb- 
bined with demonstrations. 
Business establishments through- 
out the county payed the cost of 
constructing and erecting special 
fire prevention signs, and two 
large billboards carried out the 
theme, "Keep Crisp County Green." 

All county telephone subscrib- 
ers received "Report Forest Fire' 
tickets bearing the number of 
the Crisp County Forestry Unit 
number. Forestry was given 
special emphasis in two special 
editions o f the Cordele Dispatch, 
which also carried regular week- 
ly reports and features on many 
phases of forestry. 

{Continued, on Page 10 J 


a special 

CELEBRATION--Keep Crisp County Green council members hold 
banquet to celebrate winning first place in the contest. 

WINNERS' SMILES AND HOME SIGN- -Announcement at the Georgia Fores- 
try Association annual meeting of Crisp County as winner of the 
1955 Keep Georgia Green contest winner, top photo, evokes happy 
smiles from Crisp County Ranger William Tvedt, ( center), and Dan 
Turner, the county's Keep Green chairman. Kirk Sutlive, left, 
makes announcement. Billboard signs, photo below, helped Crisp 
attain ft* first place standing. 



QQA £ay& tf-Q.*&Un4f Gamp. 

Georgia's annual FFA Boys For- 
estry Camp this year attracted 
more than 100 Future Farmers of 
America as the boys gathered 
last month at Laura C. Walker 
State Park near Waycross to 
attend the annual session of on- 
the-ground forestry instruction. 

Sponsored by member mills of 
the Southern Pulpwocd Conser- 
vation Association, the annual 
camp is directed by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. Sponsoring 
mills are the Macon Kraft Co., 
Brunswick Pulp and Paper Co., 
Union Bag and Paper Corp., Gair 
Woodlands Inc., and St. Mary's 
Kraft Corp. 

For six full days skilled 
foresters from the state and in- 
dustrial organizations instructed 
the boys in such phases of wood- 
land knowledge as reforestation, 
tree identification, forest fire 
prevention and suppression, con- 
trol of insect and disease 
attacks, thinning, harvesting 
and measuring marketing forest 
products, naval stores, hardwood 
control . Recreation activities 
included softball, swimming, 
horseshoes and a trip to nearby 
Okefenokee Swamp Park. 

The camp staff included E. D. 

Martin, Gair Woodlands Corp., 
Savannah; J. F. Spiers, Southern, 
Pulpwood Conservation Associa- 
tion, Statesboro; C. Mathewson, 
and James Waters, St. Mary's 
Kraft Corp., St. Mary's; James 
H. Colson, Macon Kraft Co. , W.J. 
Schultz, Fnion Bag and Paper 
Corp. , Waycross; C. Dorsey Dyer, 
Georgia Agricultural Extension 
Service, Athens, and Robert 
Harrison, Southeastern Forest 
Experiment Station, Macon. 

Georgia Forestry Commission 
camp staff members were J. C. 
Turner, Macon; R. E. Davis, 
Atlanta; James Reid, McRae; Troy 
Simmons, Americus; Robert Ran- 
dall, Washington; B. R. Murray, 
Statesboro; Sam Martin, Gaines- 
ville; Wayne Manning, Newnan; 
Carl is McLeod, Camilla; and T. 
B. Hankinson, Waycross. 

Vocational agriculture teachers 
attending were W. J. Moore, Ho- 
boken; L. G. Calhoun, Tarrytown; 
W. M. Giddens, Chauncey; E. L. 
Grins tead, Reidsville; Tom Whit- 
field Jr., Harlem; G.C. Garrison , 
Bearing; L. H. Akins, Statesboro; 
E. J. Stinson, Montezuma; A. P. 
Lewis, Statenville; M. J. Lane, 
Valdosta; T. E. Wheeler, Bain- 
bridge; E. R. Rigsby, Camilla; 
B. H. Strickland, Climax, and 
J. R. Odum, Pinehurst. 

vfr* 4 

1. Fire control demonstration shows boys 
how wildfires are fought with tractors. B, R. 
Murray, Assistant District Forester, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, gives instructions. 

2. Registration marks official opening of 

3. T. B. Hankinson, Commission Manage- 
ment Forester, tests students of thinning 
with on-the-ground practice. 

4. J. C. Spiers, Area Forester, Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Association, demon- 
strates use of dibble. 

5. Fire Patrol plane demonstrated for 

6. Robert Randall, Assistant District 
Forester, Georgia Forestry Commission, 
uses viusal teaching aid in marketing class. 

7. Carlis McLeod, Assistant District 
Forester, Georgia Forestry Commission, 
shows camp'Vnascot" orphan fox raised from 

8. E. D. Martin, Forester, Gair Woodlands, 
shows mensuration class how pulpwood is 

9. Square dancing calls for old time coun- 
try music, plenty of energy. 


Dyer, of the Lniversity of Georgia Agricultural 
Extension Service, helps South Georgia forestry 
campers with their tree identification project. 
The 4-H boys, left to right, are: Ray Pukes, 
Treutlen County, and Paul Johnson, Jeff Davis, 
kneeling; Travis Cowart, Long; and Stanley James, 

Crisp, (left photo) 

CLASS FOR FIRE FIGHTERS- -Forester W. N. Haynes, 
of Union Bag and Paper Corporation, explains fire 
control operation to South Georgia forestry campers, 
left to right: Damon Tillman, Appling County; 
Proctor Jones, Emanuel; Gene Cauley, Colquitt, 
and John Hardwick, Taylor, (right photo) 

Annual 4-H Club Forestry Camp 
Held At Laura Walker State Park 

In the heart of the vast wood- 
land area of Laura S. Walker 
State Park near Waycross, 85 4-H 
Club boys of the southern half 
of Georgia last month learned 
many secrets of the forest and 
some of the skills of forestry. 

In charge of this instruction 
was Dorsey Dyer, forester for 
the University of Georgia Agri- 
cultural Extension Service, 
which conducted the 11th Annual 
South Georgia 4-H Club Forestry 
Camp in cooperation with its 
sponsor, Union Bag and Paper 

Fire control was dramatically 
demonstrated by fire control 
units of Union Bag and the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission as the 
forest fire fighters brought all 
their equipment to bear upon a 
simulated forest fire which 
"burned" in full view of the 4-H 
forestry campers. 

The forestry campers also 
visited the Savannah plant of 
Union Bag and Paper Corporation. 

Special speakers for the camp 
included J. W. Bridges, Jr., 
Manager, Woodlands Division, 
Union Bag and Paper Corporation; 
L. I. Skinner, Assistant Associ- 
ate Director, Agricultural 
Extension Service; George Baze- 
more, President, First National 
Bank, Waycross; and Guyton De- 
Loach, Director, Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 

Serving as instructors in 
addition to Mr. Dyer were: 
George W. Lavinder, District 
Forester, Waycross, Georgia For- 
estry Commission. J. D. Zimmer- 
man, Forester, Helena, Union Bag 
and Paper Corporation; R. E. 
Lee, III, Forester, Union Bag 
and Paper Corporation; J. C. 

Santoro, Forester, Savannah , 
Union Bag and Paper; T. E. 
Arnette, Forester, Swainsboro, 
Union Bag and Paper; J. E. 
Collier, County Agent, Ben Hill 
County; J. F. Spiers, Area For- 
ester, Statesboro, Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Associa- 
tion; Larry Torrance, County 
Agent, Coffee County; Nelson 
Brightwell, Assistant Extension 
Forester, Tifton; J. H. Wall, 
Assistant District Forester, 
Camilla, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission; R. C. Hill, Assistant 
District Forester, Waycross, 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

R. J. Richardson, State 4-H 
Club Leader, was in charge of 
camp administration. Assisting 
him were 4-H Council officers 
Joe Harrison, Boys Vice Presi- 
dent of DeKalb County, .and Bruce 
Bliss, Reporter of Glynn County. 

J ULY, 1 955 

^JUe Ratwub+p. 

Rangers In The News 

Tribute to the Bleckley County 
Forestry Unit, organized less 
than a year ago, was contained 
in a recent issue of the Cochran 
Journal, The newspaper reported 
that during seven months of oper- 
ation the Unit, under leadership 
of Ranger Hall Jones, had saved 
the landowners of the county 
approximately $100,000 to $120, 
000 in timberland. 

"The Unit," according to the 
article, "has suppressed fires 
which would have ravaged approx- 
imately 10,000 to 12,000 acres 
of land on which timber is valued 
at approximately $10 per acre... 
Since January 1, 1955, the Unit 
has suppressed 40 fires which 
were raging out of control. " 

Another recipient of county- 
wide appreciation for wildfire 
prevention and suppression was 
Bleckley County Ranger Hall 
Jones. The Cochran Bleckley 
Jaycees recent! y presented him a 
certificate of appreciation for 
his work in the statewide Keep 
Georgia Green contest. 

Lamar County Ranger David 
Smith recently received a gift 
from landowners for his out- 
standing work in the county. He 
has had fewer fires this season 
than at any time he has been 
with the Unit. The Lamar Unit 
also was cited by citizens of 
the county for its activities as 
a part of the Ground Observation 
Corps. Recent figures showed 
the Lamar Ground Observation 
Post spotted 97 per cent of its 

SMOKEY READY TO ROLL--Smokey the Bear, (alias Putnam County Ran- 
ger Gerald Ridley), gives children attending the annual Dair> 
Festival in his county a treat as he looks over the Unit' s fire 
suppression jeep. The Smokey Bear costume proved one of the out- 
standing attractions of the festival, Ranger Ridley reported. 

Anoth' tribute from the press 
to a Cc inty Forestry Unit was 
contained recently on the edi- 
torial pages of the Nashville 

Outlining the dollars and cents 
cost of operating and maintaining 
the Unit, the article stated, 
" It was during the second year 
of operation that the worst 
drouth in the state's history 
withered all green vegetation in 
the county's forests, leaving 
the tinder-dry forests easy prey 
for wildfires. During the con- 
tinuing drouth, the fire unit 
has fought hundreds of woods 
fires in every section of the 
county, many days fighting a- 
round the cl ock. Losses from 

the fires have been held to a 

"It is frightening to think," 
the Herald editorial writer con- 
cluded, "of the ap palling damages 
that would have come to Berrien 
County forests had it not been 
for the Forestry Unit. Most ,o.f 
the 26,000 acres could well have 
been wiped out. 

"The small cost to timberland 
owners of the county for main- 
taining the unit in relation to 
the great good it is doing makes 
it the biggest bargain we ever 
have known. " 

Berrien County came under 
protection July 1, 1952. 


Win National 
Honor Awards 

The work and interest of Geor- 
gia's clubwomen in emphasizing 
and promoting forest conservation 
recently attained national recog- 
nition with the Georgia Federa- 
tion of Women's Clubs. 

Competing with 47 other states, 
Georgia's Clubwomen left the 
Philadelphia convention site 
with first place ranking in the 
natural resources field. 

In addition, the junior de- 
partment of the Georgia 
Federation of Women's Clubs 
rated third place nationwide for 
its work in conservation edu- 

Other fields of conservation 
in which the Georgia women took 
nationwide honors were water and 
soils division, first place, and 
minerals and wildlife division, 
first place. 

The nationwide natural re- 
sources first place award, 
according to Miss Elizabeth 
Mason, of Atlanta, U. S. Forest 
Service, who works closely with 
women's groups throughout the 
entire southeast in emphasizing 
forest conservation activities, 
was awarded on the basis of the 
Federation's establishing for- 
ests in North and South Georgia 
and at the Tallulah Falls School. 

The North Georgia forest, on 
Highway 123 between Toccoa and 
CI arkesvil le , is planted with 
20,000 white pine seedlings pur- 
chased by the Federation and 
pi anted by the U. S. Forest 
Service on Forest Service land. 
Another forest planting and 
demonstration site was started 
last year near Waycross on U. S. 
Highway 1. 

Factors responsible for the 
award to the junior section in- 
clude the distribution of seed- 
lings for planting at Tallulah 
Falls school. 

It/oodi And £UL Ileal" 

When Dr. Lawrence C. Walker, 
of the University of Georgia 
School of Forestry faculty, is 
introduced as " the man who spends 
his time burning the woods and 
killing trees," there often are 
many who look at the industrious 
research professor with raised 

Dr. Walker's work, however, no 
matter how much it may seem at 
first glance to be in direct 
varience with the principles of 
good forestry, actually is yield- 
ing a wealth of research data 
which in future years will be 
reaping benefits for Georgia's 
entire forest economy. 

"Forest landowners in our own 
Piedmont region, " expl ains Dr. 
Walker, who serves at the School 
of Forestry as a specialist in 
forest soils, "are faced with a 
distressing problem. When val li- 
able pines are cut from their 
woods to sell for sawlogs or 
pulpwood, the' land often is left 
with only 'unwanted trees.'" 

At first glance the solution 
might seem to be a simple re- 
stocking of land, either through 
replanting or through taking ad- 
vantage of neighboring seed 
trees. But here, according to 

forestry student, experiments 
with a twentieth century method 
of cull hardwood erad' nation- - 
usingapower driven tree girdler. 

den, assistant to Dr. L.C. Walker, 
sprays brush clumps with chemicals. 

the Athens forest soils special- 
ist, a problem arises. 

"Before the young pines can be- 
come establ ished , " Dr. Walker 
said, "species of undesirable 
hardwoods take over the land, 
keeping the more valuable pines 
from growing. During the first 
few years, these young hardwoods 
grow faster than pine. If the 
unmerchantable hardwoods aren't 
killed, the land will produce 
little or no merchantable tim- 
ber. " 

Dr. Walker's big problem: To 
find the best way to slow down 
hardwood encroachment so that 
the pines may have a chance. 

His methods of attack -- an 
attack in which he is aided by 
Assistant Rip Darden, several 
part time forestry students, and 
men and equipment of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission include test- 
ing of weed killers on various 
trees, shock polarization, and 
devising methods of burning the 
bad trees without injuring the 
good trees. 

Many formulations of weed 
killers still in experimental 
stages must be tried and their 
effects upon the trees deter- 
mined. A hundred different 
compounds will be applied in 
various amounts and by several 
{Continued on Page 10) 

JULY, 1955 


Georgia Leads-- Research Work-- Five Counties— 

(Continued from. Page 2) 

Brooks, 635,000; Calhoun, 778, 
500; Clay, 138,500; Colquitt, 
Cook, 131,000; Decatur, 1,833, 
Dougherty, 1,426,950; Early, 
427,000; Grady, 227,433; Miller, 
58,000, Mitchell, 1,668,500, 
Seminole, 206,500; Thomas, 947, 
500; Tift, 143,590; and Worth, 

District 3 -- Chattahoochee, 
477,500; Crisp, 926,900; Dooly, 
383,500; Lee, 833,000, Macon, 
146,000; Marion, 1,009,500; 
Muscogee, 346,000; Quitman, 161, 
500; Randolph, 1,130,500; Schley, 
203,500; Stewart, 1,260,750; 
Sumter, 861,000; Talbot, 423,500; 
Taylor, 929,000; Terrell, 533, 
500; and Webster, 998,500. 

District 4 -- Butts, 70,500; 
Carroll, 644,000; Clayton, 295, 
400; Coweta, 543,000; Douglas, 
33,500; Fayette, 89,250; Fulton, 
290,900; Harris, 167,000; Heard, 
198,000; Henry, 134,500; Lamar, 
129,500; Meriwether, 986,800; 
Newton, 111,000; Pike, 16,000; 
Rockdale, 8,000; Spaulding, 61, 
000; Troup, 346,700; and Upson, 

District 5 -- Ben Hill, 1,109, 
910; Bleckley, 180,100; Dodge, 
2,774,650; Houston, 593,000; 
Irwin, 332,500; Jeff Davis, 1, 
310,000; Laurens, 1,807,400; 
Montgomery, 516,600; Pulaski, 
787,000; Telfair, 1,694,854; 
Toombs, 383,600; Treutlen, 492, 
Turner, 143,000; Wheeler, 634, 
348; and Wilcox, 939,500. 

District 6 --Baldwin, 502,000; 
Bibb, 1,339,100; Crawford, 1, 
Glascock, 104,000; Hancock, 132, 
Jasper, 114,750; Jefferson, 1, 
187,100; Johns en, 429,000; Jones, 
120,500; Monroe, 683,000; Peach, 
131,500; Putnam, 68,000; Twiggs, 
196,000; Washington, 838,500; 
and Wilkinson, 189,500. 

District 7 -- Bartow, 469,208; 
Catoosa, 230,815; Chattooga; 
Cherokee, 585,000; Cobb, 63,600; 
Floyd, 457,343; Gilmer, 92,500; 
Gordon, 855,540; Haralson, 103, 
500; Murray, 855,097; Paulding, 
229,500; Pickens, 496,987, Polk, 

(Continued from Page 9) 

Killing trees by shock polar- 
izations is done through electri- 
city furnished by a gasoline 
powered generator on a truck. 
The electricity provides an arti- 
ficial "lightning strike," 
killing the tree. Foresters and 
forest industries throughout the 
nation and world are awaiting 
with interest results of this 

With the work being carried on 
today by Dr. Walker and his 
associates, future growers of 
tree cr cps in the Empire State 
may some day be growing their 
crops of pine timber unmolested 
by the problem of poor hardwood 

149,500; Walker, 277,512; 
Whitfield, 626,538. 


District 8 --Appling, 720,578; 
Atkinson, 152,000; Bacon, 223, 
164, Brantley, 581,657; Berrien, 
135,000; Camden, 2,181,778; 
Charlton, 3,034,900; Clinch, 745, 
678; Coffee, 539,500; Echols, 
334,000; Glynn, 398,300; Lanier, 
233,420; Lowndes, 2,280,000; 
Pierce, 2,280,000; Ware, 469,000; 
and Wayne, 836,670. 

District 9 -- Banks, 113,650; 
Barrow, 90,500; Dawson, 291,600; 
Dekalb, 67,200; Fannin, 11,500; 
Forsyth, 15,500; Franklin, 143, 
650; Gwinnett, 309,600; Haber- 
sham, 229,500; Hall, 260,200; 
Jackson, 217,800; Lumpkin, 190, 
600; Rabun, 15,000; Stephens, 
1,235,500; Towns, 22,000, Union, 
15,000; and White 26,500. 

District 10 -- Clarke, 115, 
750; Columbia, 91,000; Elbert, 
585,000; Greene, 516,750; Hart, 
120,700; Lincoln, 150,000; Mc- 
Duffie, 122,900; Madison, 195, 
500; Morgan, 35,000; Oconee, 
48,500; Oglethorpe, 1,483,900; 
Richmond, 1,115,956; Taliaferro, 
53,000; Walton, 491,000; Warren, 
52,500, and Wilkes, 191,500. 

(Continued from Page 2) 

sist of a light tractor and plow 
and a half ton pickup. 

Forsyth County's permanent 
personnel will consist of a ran- 
ger and two assistant patrolmen. 
A towerman will be employed six 
months each year. Mechanized 
equipment will consist of a 
light tractor and plow and a 
half ton pickup. 

Oconee County, according to 
District Forester H. G. Collier, 
contains 53,900 forestland acres. 

(Continued from Page U) 
Radio Station WMJM devoted 
muchpublic service time to for- 
estry features, including a 
series of 15-minute radio dis- 
cussions featuring a technical 
forester and groups of high 
school students. Many business 
firms sponsored special forestry 

One of the major accomplish- 
ments achieved during the contest 
period was the fire warden setup. 
The county has been gridded into 
21 numbered segments. Within 
each segment there is at least 
one key individual with a tele- 
phone. This individual, usually 
chosen for his leadership in 
that community, reports fires, 
investigates smokes on request, 
often attacks wildfires pending 
arrival of the Forestry Unit, 
furnishes power equipment or 
labor, and often aids on mop up 
work, thus freeing the Ranger 
earlier for suppression on other 

Activities such as this, com- 
bined with strong emphasis on 
such routine information and 
education work as literature 
distribution, pi acingof posters, 
fair exhibits, forestry movie 
showings and Tree Farm certifi- 
cations helped make the "Keep 
Green" theme a familiar one 
throughout Crisp County. 








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'pine 'Dettnotft; (^cucUoh 'P%eve«tt4 

Untold losses have been suffered 
through forest fires in the South- 
east during these two drouth- 
ridden years. They are losses 
which cannot be recouped, even 
through replanting, for it takes 
ten to twenty years to produce an- 
other tree crop. 

Three groups have been struck 
direct financial blows by these 
wild fires which have spread over 
many sections of the South - and 
particularly in south Georgia and 
north Florida. They are the owners 
of the timbered lands, the lumber 
industry and the pulpwood indus- 
try. Their losses have had an ef- 
fect upon the general economy, for 

(From the Vioiiltrie Observer) 

millions of dollars which normally 
would have entered trade channels 
are missing. 

More than 150, 000 acres of heav- 
ily timbered land in north Florida 
and south Georgia have been swept 
by raging fires within recent 
days. Days and nights of fire- 
fighting have been required to 
bring the fires under control-but 
not before the damage mounted to 
staggering figures. 

Fires which destroy forests and 
other property are man-created. 
Carelessness and negligence are 
the two biggest causes of these 
wildfires. In one spot a well- 

Vol. 8 


August, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 8 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. 0. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR . Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS.- ... Robert Rutherford, Catherine Dismuke 

* * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. O. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. O. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. O. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 


meaning farmer will attempt to 
burn off a small area, only to have 
the fire get beyond his control 
and sweep through hundreds of 
acres of timber. In another, a 
careless vacationer or travelor 
drops a cigarette or fails to put 
out a campiire. The results are 
the same - a raging inferno which 
destroys all in its path. 

As long as the territory is 
powder-dry, as it has been most of 
the time for two years or more, 
every individual must consider 
himself a personal fire marshal. 
Not only must he be careful him- 
self about fire, but he must be 
observant and diligent toward the 
actions of others. Few would think 
of passing up a rattlesnake in the 
road. Then \*hy drive past a fire 
which is threatening to grow into 
a giant of destructive force? 

These forest wildfires affect 
us directly or indirectly in dol- 
lars and cents. This generation 
cannot hope to benefit from timber 
and pulpwood production where 
acreages are burned over. 

Qua. Gooe* 

The towering pines and the 
majestic hardwoods lining 
Georgia's rushing mountain 
streams and its quiet lakes and 
ponds serve as far more than 
verdant backdrops of scenic 
beauty. Sportsmen realize that 
green woodlands are a sign of 
good fishing, for growing trees 
form a vast underground root 
network, prevent soil erosion, 
and keep streams and lakes 
clear and sparkling. 

AUGUST, 1955 

^e4^ PeU 11*tUl Tops Three Million Cords 
B&fi+i Ofi&ialianl 

Georgia's new] y organized Forest 
Pest Control Conmittees have begun 
official operation with regular 
reports of local infestations 
being made to a permanent report- 
ing station at the Georgia Forestry 
Center in Dry Branch. 

Formation of the basic county 
committees was made at a recent 
statewide meeting of the co mittee 
at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural 
College in Tifton. More than 200 
landowners, foresters, and forest 
industry and agricultural agency 
representatives gathered there 
to receive detailed instruction 
from some of the South' s leading 
foresters and entomologists on 
methods of detecting forest pests . 

{Continued on Page 10) 

1,771,000 Cords 

Pulpwood Production 
Honors Go To Georgia 

Georgia for the first time in 
history passed the 3,000,000 cord 
mark in annual pulpwood produc- 
tion to lead the entire South in 
that field for the seventh con- 
secutive year. 

The state's 1954 production, 
according to a publication re- 
cently released by the Southern 
Forest Experiment Station, was 
3,057,478 standard cords. Geor- 
gia's production figure for the 
previous year was 2,879, 000 cords. 

Clinch County, in Southeast 
Georgia, was the highest ranking 
county in the entire Southland in 
pulpwood production. The county 
produced 149,560 cords. Brantley 
County was in second place, with 
83,344 cords, and Camden County, 
with 76,798 cords, was in third, 

Other top counties, and their 

2, 513, 000 Cords 

production rankings were Appling, 
75,279 cords, fourth; Echols, 
71,701, fifth; Charlton, 69,307, 
sixth; Wayne, 67,701, seventh; 
Telfair, 67,629, eighth; Ware, 
66, 290, ninth, and Lowndes, 65, 441, 

Georgia' s total included 172, 472 
standard cords of hardwoods, and 
5, 105 cords of dead chestnut. 

Pulpwood figures from over the 
entire South showed the 1954 crop 
was the largest harvest on record. 
Southwide, the cut of pine pulp- 
wood was 14,108,000 cords. Hard- 
wood production was 2,128,800 
cords and dead chestnut was 32, 800. 
Hardwood production was 11 per 
cent more than in 1953, and pine 
was three-tenths of one per cent 

Southern wood accounted for 60 

(Continued on Page. 9) 

3,057,000 Cords 


9k Hen Mil 

"There' s a county where EVERY 
week seems to be Keep Georgia 
Green week. 

So declared a recent visitor 
to Ben Hill County, second place 
winner in the 1955 Keep Georgia 
Green contest and one of Geor- 
gia' s leading counties in the 
field of forest fire prevention 
and forestry education. 

Citizens of this progressive 
South Georgia county laid the 
groundwork early last fall for 
their activities in the annual 
their activities in the annual 
Georgia Forestry Association 
contest; and from then until the 
contest's closing date, the 
schedule was filled with a vari- 
ety of activities ranging from 
weekly film showings to special 
parades and floats. 

"In fact, " Ben Hill County 
Ranger J. C. Bowen recently 
declared, "the momentum from 
the work in the contest seems 
to have carried over into the 
present date. Folks around 
here really seem to be in a 
'prevent forest fires' frame of 
mind, and the close of the con- 
test certainly hasn' t meant the 
close of that attitude. " 

Ranger Bowen' s opinion is 
soundly seconded by the Dr. 
W. E. Tuggle, Keep Green Council 
head, and by Dr. Tuggle' s fellow 
council officers, Billy Snowden, 
Vice President; Jack Massee, 
Treasurer, and Albert Gelders, 

held throughout iien Hill County helped increase interest in forest 

The cooperation of tne Newspapers and radio stations 

entire county was enlisted in cooperated, not only during the 

setting up a regular schedule Keep Green Week, but at all 

of forestry demonstrations, other times, to make the pro- 

gram a success. Pastors devoted 
many sermons to the conservation 

Negro citizens of the county 
played an active part in the 

talks, essay contests and 

special events. The Council 

called on all citizens in all 

walks of life to participate in 

the events; and the theme, 

"No Matter Who You Are, No 

Matter What You Do, Forest contest and helped spread the 

Fires Affect You, " was stressed. Keep Green message to schools 

and rural organizations. 
One of the most outstanding 
activities, however, was the 
work conducted by the Fact 
Finding Committee. A follow-up 
investigation and a special re- 
port of the investigation were 
made by this committee, and 
committee members pointed out 
to the person starting the fire 
how it could have been avoided, 
and the damage which resulted 
from wildfires in Ben Hill 

Statewide recognition came 
to Ben Hill County as the result 
of its special Keep Green Week 
held in November, 1954. Special 
decorative efforts turned the 
main street for that week into 
an "Avenue of Pines, " and the 
entire week was filled with 
daily events ranging from 
parades to beauty contests. 

PASTORS AID- -The Rev. J. A. 
Foreman was one of many Ben Hill 
county pastors who helped Keep 
Green activities by delivering 
conservation sermons in church 
and on the air. 

AUGUST, 1955 

State Forestry Champ 

Lowndes Youth Wins FFA Award 

Paul king, of Halura, 18-year-old 
enthusiastic advocate of the bene- 
iits of good woodland management, 
has been named Georgia's 1955 
Future Farmers of America forestry 

Winning of the annual award, 
which brings with it a $125 cash 
prize, was the result of a four- 
year forestry program including 
every phase of woodland manage- 
ment from reforestation to harvest- 
ing and marketing. 

The llahira youth's No. 1 ranking 
in the annual contest also netted 
a cash award for his vocational 
agriculture teacher, Price burner, 

who worked closely with the 1 owndes 
County teen ager on many of his 
leading forestry projects. 

The two will travel to Kansas 
City, Mo., Oct. 19 to attend the 

FFA' S" FORESTRY CHAMPIONS- --Paul King, (top photo, right), 
Future Farmers of America 1955 forestry champion, meets with his 
vocational agriculture teacher, Price Turner. The two will attend 
the 1955 national FFA convention. Charles Helms, (bottom photo, 
left), of Buena Vista, second place winner, inspects a thinning 
site on his farm woodlot with voc ag teacher L. K. Moss. 

week- long national FFA convention. 
While in Kansas Gity, Paul will 
address many of the leading civic 
clubs in that area, describing 
to Midwestern businessmen the 
activities which have gained 
Georgia its nationwide prominence 
in the field of forestry. 

Paul's tobal accomplishments 
include the planting of 5,500 
seedlings. He made an improvement 
cutting on 15 acres, from which he 
harvested 8,000 board feet of saw- 
logs, 10 cords of fuel wood, and 
37 poles. 

He also thinned five acres, 
from which he harvested 1,325 
fence posts. He plowed two miles 
of fire line. The forest area in 
his project was 25 and a half acres. 

Second place honors went to 
Charles Helms, of Buena Vista. 
Third place was won by Lobby Couey, 
of Lowery, and fourth place went to 
hill McGiboney, of Covington. 

Charles Helms received £50 as 
seconu place winner. Hobby Couey 
received $30, and lull VcGiboney 
received $20. Announcement of 
winners was made at the recent 
statewide r I \ meeting at Fake 
Jackson . 

Iln Seaboard Air line railroad 
donates the prizes annually. Hie 
contest is sponsored by the rail- 
ro.i<! l ti cooperation with the 
Slate Department of Education. 

The award to King was made 
by Robert N. Hoskins, Seaboard 
industrial Forester at the FFA 
Convention at Lake Jackson in 



From Tree To Key 

Pre fabrication - the rising 
revolution in home building - is 
another field of forest products 
utilization in which Georgia 
claims leadership. 

Sprawling across many acres on 
the outskirts of Thomson in Mc- 
Duffie County is the plant of 
Knox Corporation which pours 
forth from its assembly lines 
the famous Knox Homes and is the 
South' s leading manufacturer of 
prefabricated dwellings. 

The Knox operations in east and 
southeast Georgia represent a 
complete, highly integrated for- 
est industry beginning with the 
growing of timber and continuing 
through the harvesting, milling, 
manufacture and remanufacture, 
utilization and marketing of the 
finished product. 

Quality control ' 'from tree to 
key''-Knox description of its 
excellence in house manufacture 
-characterizes the entire opera- 
tion. With 20,000 acres of land 
under its control , the Corpora- 
tion is insuring its future with 
sound forestry practice. Refor- 
estation is a major phase of their 
forestry program at present and 
today the Knox' s stand among the 
leaders in tree planting in the 

{Continued, on Pag? 7} 

Left, above, roof trusses 
are assembled in halves at the 
Knox factory. This reduces 
"weathering in " time at the 
building site. 

Left, center, all house 
components are thoroughly in- 
spected before being shipped. 

Left, below, an entire home 
is delivered in a single 
trailor load, lore Forester 
jack Smith, (ri giit), points out 
features of tiie "packaging" 
to District Forester George 
Collier, Georgia Forestry 

Assembly line mass production is the key- 
note of Knox operations. Above, panels take 
shape in the massive wall department. At left, 
special stapling machines make possible rapid 
placing of sheathing . 

Peter S. Knox, Jr. , below left, guides the 
destinies of the Knox Corporation and Wyck A. 
Knox, right, heads the Knox Lumber Co. Peter 
Knox is currently president of the Prefabri- 
cated Home Manufacturers' Institute. 

, Knox' s newest iiome creation, the Macon. 

"i :. . 

" V v - 



Forestry Commission 
Plans Training School 

County Forest Rangers and dis- 
trict office personnel of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission from 
throughout the state will gather 
August 29 to September 2 at Rock 
Eagle Camp in Putnam County for 
what will be one of the most com- 
prehensive training sessions ever 
attempted by the Commission. 

The training school , first to be 
held by the Commission since the 
summer of 1953, will stress basic 
techniques and feature most recent 
innovations of all phases of the 
organization's activities. 

"Since our last training school 
in the summer of 1953," Guyton 
DeLoach, Commission Director, 
declared, "many new men who have 
never received the benefit of 
large group instruction and train- 
have entered the organization. 
These men, acting only upon the 

information and instruction which 
could be given by district and 
department heads in short visits 
to their counties and in district 
ranger meetings, have turned in 
highly admirable performances. 

"Despite these local visits and 
district ranger meetings," he 
added, "we feel that the tremen- 
dous strides which have been made 
during the past two years in for- 
est fire suppression and preven- 
tion and in forest management and 
reforestation necessitate a 
training school at which this in- 
formation can be imparted." 

A large portion of the instruc- 
tion will be devoted to mainten- 
ance and operation of forest fire 

suppression equipment. 

Additional training will be 
given in forest management, infor- 
mation and education, reforesta- 
tion and administration. 

Knox Corporation: Tree To Key. 

(Continued from Page 5 J 

As one rides into Thomson, hun- 
dreds of acres of seedling and 
sapling size pine plantations 
are seen green and growing-future 
timber crops and homes for a new 
generation and those yet unborn. 
Nestled among the pines are signs 
which herald the fame of the area 
with 'This is Thomson - Where 
the Knox Homes Originate. 

Progressive forest management 
i s being instituted on an increas- 
ing number of acres of Knox for- 
estland, and their search for 
better methods of timber produc- 
tion and use is carried through 
to the prefab home plant where a 
forester is currently making a 
study with a view to supplanting 
the use of West Coast lumber en- 
tirely with Southern yellow pine. 

The Knox Lumber Company saw- 
mill at Soperton, Treutlen Coun- 
ty, supplies the Southern yellow 
pine used in the prefab houses. 
The mill includes a gang saw, 
slab chipper, log debarker and 
planer. Mr. Wyck A. Knox directs 
the activities of the sawmill 
and lumber sales of the Company. 

This McDuf fie County "empire" 
had its start back in 1932 when 
Pete and Wyck Knox-who now guide 
the destinies of the Knox Corp- 
oration, the Knox Lumber Company, 
and an impressive list of asso- 
ciated business enterprises-had 
just graduated from college. 
Their father had previously oper- 
ated a small lumber enterprise 
which had been closed down. 

(Continued on page 9) 

9&& euu4 

Clint Davis, Director of the 
National Cooperative Forest Fire 
Prevention Campaign, has been 
named Chief of the Forest Service' s 
Division of Information and Edu- 
cation, Richard E. McArdle, Chief 
of the Forest Service, has an- 

Clint Davis 

Mr. Davis succeeds Dana Parkin- 
son, who retired June 30 after 45 
years with the Service. As direc- 
tor of the Smokey Bear Campaign for 
nine years, Mr. Davis has worked 
closely with the state foresters, 
representatives of other 4 govern- 
ment agencies, forest industries, 
and other business leaders 
throughout the country. 

A native of Unadilla, Ga. , he 
formerly was information direc- 
tor of the Southern Region, U.S. 
Forest Service. 

AUGUST, 1955 

Rangers In The News 

Pulaski County Ranger John 
Dickinson, through the coopera- 
tion of the Hawkinsville Dispatch 
and News, recently conceived a 
novel means of emphasizing to 
citizens of his county the impor- 
tance of using their automobile 

In the "Letters to the Editor " 
column in a recent issue of the 
Dispatch, Ranger Dickinson began 
his letter with this thought- 
provoking statement: 

"A resident of Adinore, Okla., 
came all the way to Pulaski County 
to set the woods on fire. The 
name of this person is unknown to 
our local law enforcement officers, 
so he or she is in little danger. 

'It is very unlikely," the 
letter continued, "that this 
person reads the Hawkinsville Dis- 
patch and News, so this article is 
not even directed at him. It is 
directed at the persons who do 
read this paper and travel our 
Pulaski County highways. It could 
happen to you. 

The Ranger explained the Unit 
learned the home town of the fire 
setter through fitting the match 
which started the fire with a' 
matchbook from that town. The 
matchbook and match both were 
found at the fire's origin. 

"The automobile ashtray is put 
there for a purpose," the Ranger 
told citizens in his letter; 
"Use it. " 

Georgia Forestry Commission' s investigator staff department were 
among those attending a recent investigator's school conducted by 
the Florida Forest Service at Lake City. All phases of forest law 
enforcement were studied. The two Georgians are John R. Gore, of 
Macon, extreme left, Chief Investigator, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, and R. M. McCrimmon, of Statesboro, extreme right, District 
One Investigator, Georgia Forestry Commission. Others, all members 
of the Florida Forest Service Investigator Division, are, left to 
right, H. M. Whitworth, Lake City; J. P. Schuck, Chief Investiga- 
tor; R. R. Murphy, Lakeland; Howard Roche, Panama City; Bill 
Davis, Tallahassee; J. D. Bland, Ocala; Earnest Eubanks, Lake 
City; Bill Gilbert, Panama City, and Ray lluchurgson, Tallahassee. 

Stewart County Ranger H. P. 
Pranyan Jr. , through the coopera- 
tion of the Stewart- Webster 
Journal, utilized the pages of that 
newspaper in a recent issue to 
thank the citizens of his county 
for reporting their control burns 
laefore starting the fires. 

"By doing this, ' Ranger 
Branyan declared in his weekly 

column in the newspaper, " you 
can readily see where the unit 
would have the control burnings 
spotted and a wildfire could be 
determined much faster. This 
makes it possible for the unit 
to be on the fire location within 
a matter of minutes. During the 
past fire season, a few minutes 
meant the difference between a 
small fire and a large one." 


Qulfuuaod Production Record •• 

(Continued from Page 2) 

per cent of all domestic pulpwood 
receipts # in all mills in the United 

Georgia produced 19 per cent of 
the South' s 1954 total. 

Other Georgia counties and their 
1954 pulpwood production figures 
are as follows: 

Atkinson, 38,935; Bacon, 26,038; 
Baker, 3,398; Baldwin, 11,229; 
Banks, 1,054; Barrow, 3,393; Bar- 
tow, 11,167; Ben Hill, 14,095; 
Berrien, 34,382- Bibb, 5,756; 
Bleckley, 5,489; Brooks, 15,695; 
Bryan, 44,937; Bulloch, 50,625; 
Burke, 7,256; Butts, 14,332. 

Calhoun, 4,288; Candler, 10,830; 
Carroll, 5,606; Catoosa, 39; Chat- 
ham, 26,669; Chattahoochee, 8, 134; 
Chattooga, 2, 484; Cherokee, 3,815; 

Clarke, 3,277; Clay, 563; Clayton, 
8, 423; Cobb, 3, 111; Coffee, 73,660; 
Colquitt, 17,589; Columbia, 8,903; 
Cook, 9,980; Coweta, 18/782; Craw- 
ford, 18,810; Crisp, 10,102. 

Dade, 156; Dawson, 20; Decatur, 
40,714; Dekalb, 3,126; Dodge, 
40,909; Dooly, 3,796; Dougherty, 
Douglas, 6,665; Early, 19,446; 
Effingham, 48,367; Elbert, 22,622; 
Emanuel, 46,259; Evans, 20,067. 

Fannin, 8,592; Fayette, 3,497; 
Floyd, 14,950; Forsyth, none; 
Franklin, 3,308; Fulton, 4,470; 
Gilmer, 3,243; Glascock, 2,809; 
Glynn, 62,590; Gordon, 10,048; 
Grady, 19,007; Greene, 29,022; 
Gwinnett, 6,202. 

Habersham, 1,871; Hall, 14,262; 
Hancock, 21,161; Haralson, 3,096; 
Harris, 30,809; Hart, 3, 201; Heard, 
1,3-39; Henry, 10,831; Houston, 
Irwin. 16,929; Jackson, 14,672; 
Jasper, 20, 423; Jeff Davis, 58,854; 
Jefferson, 7,207; Jenkins, 10, 385; 
Johnson, 8,046; Jones, 27,048. 

Lamar, 10,043; Lanier, 19,003; 
Laurens, 26,572; Lee, 2,465; Lib- 
erty, 61,362; Lincoln, 11,943, 
Long, 44,716; Lumpkin, l;McDuffie, 

3,376; Mcintosh, 32,535; Macon, 
4,274; Madison, 11,363; Marion, 
6,039; Meriwether, 32, 619; Miller, 
Mitchell, 31,561; Monroe, 36,630; 
Montgomery, 18, 053; Morgan, 16, 193; 
Murray, 330; Muscogee, 6,055. 

Newton, 14,623; Oconee, 6,450; 
Oglethorpe, 11,473; Paulding, 
Peach, 5,894; Pickens, 4,852; 
Pierce, 27,033; Pike, 5,288; Polk, 

(Continued on Page 10) 

Knox Homes.. 

(Continued from, page 7) 

When the boys returned home and 
were seeking some occupation they 
found $1,000 worth of cull lum- 
ber in the yard. With this ques- 
tionable stock and with hearts 
full of hope and determination, 
they launched a small building 
supply business which through 
the years has grown into the in- 
dustrial giant which now stands 
as Knox Corporation. 

Their first adventure into the 
field of prefab construction cai c 
in 1939. They observed the large 
scale conventional construction 
underway at nearby Camp Gordon 
in the earl y days of Wbrl d War II, 
and became convinced that the 
mountainous task could be great- 
ly facilitated by prefabrica- 
tion. This they accomplished with 
remarkable success, and moved 
very naturally into prefabri- 
cated home construction during 
the severe housing shortage of 
the early postwar years. 

Assembly line mass production 
is the keynote of the Knox opera- 
tions. "Houses by the dozens" 
is routine in this unique manu- 
factory where 15 complete houses 
can be assembled, packaged and 
shipped out by trailer truck dur- 
ing a single eight-hour working 
shift, or 45 houses per day can 
be produced in an around-the- 
clock operation. 

When lumber or dimension mater- 
ial is received it is stacked on 

Laminated beams- glued and 
nailed- are used to provide 
iieavy supporting members for 
Knox prefab homes. 

the yard for air drying. The 
piles are carefully stickered to 
insure good air seasoning. Air 
drying is used for all materials 
except moulding and interior 
trim which is kiln dried. 

From the yard, the dried dimen- 
sion stock and timber materials 
move from the kiln to moulding 
shed for cutting, routing and 
grouping in subassemblies. 

Structural and framing lumber 
and timbers are then carried to 
the "DeWalt department" where 
all pieces are cut to size. 

In the roof structure depart- 
ment, trusses are assembled in 
halves, and complete parts for 
rake and roof overhang, pre-cut 
and partially assembled, are 
made up. 

A special feature of the Knox 
homes is the preservative treat- 
ment of every door and window 
unit and every piece of exterior 
and interior trim. This treat- 
ment, which is by an extended 
soaking process, protects the 
doors, windows and trim from de- 
terioration caused by moisture 
and insects, and minimizes 
shrinkage, warpage and checking. 
All framing, sheathing, insul- 
ation and wallboard are cut to 
exact size before the materials 
move to the wall department where 
the panels are assembled. Duets 
of skilled craftsmen match the 
parts to specifications and the 
homes begin to take shape. Wall 
panels of ceiling height are 4 
(Continued on Page 1C) 

{Continued from. Page 2) 

Primary purpose of the session 
was to organize local county com- 
mittees to carry on survey work 
on hug infestation damage in each 
of the South Georgia counties 
where preliminary surveys have 
shown forest insect damage. 
Another function of the committee 
will be to encourage and promote 
control work by landowners. 

Areas from which county chair- 
men were named at the meeting 
included Berrien, Toombs, Burke, 
Effingham, Screven, Brantley, 
Macon, Crisp, Emanual, Bleckley, 
Brooks, Wheeler, Taylor, Terrell, 
Marion, and Worth Counties 

W. H. McComb, Management 
Chief, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, said additional meet- 
ings will be called in future 
months as the need arises. 


(Continued from Page 9) 

13,509; Pulaski, 3,720; Putnam, 
18,135; Quitman, 4,944. 

Rabun, 1,456; Randolph, 12,451 
Richmond, 3,795; Rockdale, 4,651 
Schley, 4,389; Screven, 26,044 
Seminole, 19,172; Spalding, 7, 262 
Stephens, 2,251; Stewart, 18,352 
Sumter, 9,062. 

Talbot, 20,482; Taliaferro 
11,771; Tattnall, 37,872; Taylor 
Terrell, 684; Thomas, 25,433 
Tift, 11,247; Toombs, 40,877 
Towns, none; Treutlen, 16,305 
Troup, 44,452; Turner, 16,432 
Twiggs, 11,947. 

Union, 5; Upson, 29,592; Walker, 
537; Walton, 3,859; Warren, 4,038 
Washington, 23, 439; Webster, 8 , 747 
Wheeler, 19,241; White, none 
Whitfield, 4,664; Wilcox, 16,064 
Wilkes, 42,499; Wilkinson, 12,493 
Worth, 32,700. 

SCHOLARSHIP WINNER- -Award committee members congratulate Billy 
Edenfield, Cobbtown, on receiving Gair Woodland Corporation' s 
$2,000 four-year scholarship to the University of Georgia School 
of Forestry. Left to right, Guy ton OeLoach, Director, Georgia 
Forestry Commission; H. J. Malsberger, Manager, Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Assn.; T. W. Earle, President, Gair Woodlands; Eden- 
field, and Oean 0. J. Weddell, of the Sch ool of Forestry. 

Knox: Utilization In Prefabs.. 

(Continued from page 9) 

to 12 feet long, wall insulation 
is put in place and sheet rock is 
installed. Exterior type ply- 
wood sheathing and aluminum foil 
insulation are used. All bearing 
walls have "stressed skin" con- 
struction in which the plywood 
is nailed and glued to the studs. 

Windows are installed and doors 
are hung in the wal 1 panel s, this 
representing an added factory 
step as contrasted with most pre- 
fabricated house manufacture. 
Studies have shown that with this 
advanced prefabrication, homes 
can be closed in during a single 
day after delivery at the build- 
site and can be completely erect- 
ed in three days. 

In a special test, a Knox home 
delivered at the building site 
at 6 A.M. one morning was com- 
pleted on the same day and occu- 
pied by the owner that night. 

Careful, continuous inspection 
and testing of house parts is 
stressed to insure the delivery 

of high-grade, readily assembled 
structures. For inspection, the 
wall panels are hung from over- 
head pulleys to facilitate close 
scrutiny of all parts of the 
assembl y. 

At Knox, even the packaging and 
delivery of the prefab homes is 
a mass production operation, in 
which production planning and a 
company owned fleet of trailers 
are combined to make possible 
scheduled delivery of houses. 

The component house parts come 
off the assembly lines and are 
gathered on loading sleds. The 
sleds, when full, are lifted bod- 
ily by an overhead, monorail 
crane which loads the sleds di- 
rectly onto the trailers. Each 
35-foot, heavy duty, specially 
designed trailer carries all ma- 
terials for an entire house-the 
"house package" is complete in 
a single load. The loaded trail- 
ers move out daily to locations 
throughout the southeastern 
United States, the area in which 
Knox operates excl usivel y. 

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SEP 19 W55 





Trees: Valuable Annual Crop 

(From the Macon Telegraph) 

Georgia farmers enjoy an annual 
income of more than 168 million 
dollars from their tree crop. 

The use and value of trees as a 
crop has come a long way in our 
state. Only a few years ago, trees 
were regarded as something of a 
handicap to the farm. Trees were 
burned off or clear cut at the ear- 
liest opportunity, and almost any 
offer a sawmill man or a pulpwood 
cutter made the farmer was ac- 

Today, thanks to the Georgia 
Forestry Commission and the other 
organizations which have worked 
to teach us the value of trees, the 
Georgia farmer considers trees 
one of his most important crops. 

Few crops raised in our state 
require less investment, care and 
cultivation than trees. When a 
farmer plants corn or cotton 01 
other row crops he must use his 

best land, invest money in seed, 
fertilizer, insect fighting, and 
labor, and face such fluctuating 
factors as markets and harvest 

To the tree farmer, weather, 
labor, and markets are minor con- 
siderations. He can harvest when 
it is convenient and when the mar- 
ket is right. 

With natural reforestation and 
with the pine seedlings provided 
by the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, the farmer can have a tree 
crop at small cost. With proper 
management he can make an income 
from the tree over a long period. 

As tree crops have increased in 
Georgia, more and more farmers 
have learned proper forest man- 
agement. Seldom, today, do we find 
clear cutting of trees; seldom 
does the tree grower of today sell 
timber without selective cutting. 



September, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guy ton DcLoach, Director 

No. 9 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Varn, Chairman ._ Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr.... Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS .... .Robert Rutherford, Donna Howard 

% # ^ + 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 


County Attacks 
Forest Insects 

(From the Vidalia Advance) 

Toombs County now has a forest 
pest control committee, with a 
great portion of the county in 
woodlands, and the fact that Geor- 
gia is already reaping some $750 
million annually from her for- 
ests, we think this is the most 
important committee that could 
have been named. We think that 
through its active function, it 
can make a greater contribution to 
the economic stabil ity of the coun- 
ty and state, than any other sin- 
gle group. 

Similar committees are being 
suggested for all of Georgia' s 159 
counties, and particularly those 
with great areas of woodlands, and 
we would like to commend the au- 
thorities for the prompt naming 
of the committee for this county. 

Although the comnittee's major 
objective will be toward the con- 
trol of tree pests, their services 
will be invaluable in other ways, 
since through their efforts on 
this assignment, they will make 
suggestions that will help in an 
overall planning of woodland man- 

The job for this important com- 
mittee is tremendous. However, it 
can be done successfully, but the 
committee needs, and is deserving 
of, and should have, wholehearted 
support and cooperation of every 
land owner of the county. Since 
considerable damage by pine tree 
insects has been apparent for sev- 
eral months, and the need for 
control measures is very definite, 
it behooves all 1 an downers to 
make the assistance to this com- 
mittee one of the major parts of 
their tree farming program. Coun- 
ty Agent, Eugene Brogdon, County 
Forest Ranger, Bethea Clifton, 
W. H. Taylor, county SCS techni- 
cian, and M. W. Fuffin, of the 
U.S. Forest Service, are members 
of the county committee- 


Georgia Ranks ^ Qw ^^ Nqw Adorng 

'56 Keep Green Contest 

Keep Green Winners 

First In Tree 
Farm Acreage 

Georgia landowners now Jead the 
nation in Tree Farm acreage. 
Texas, a long-time leader in the 
Tree farm program, f el 1 to second 
pi ace. 

Georgia's Tree Farm Committee, 
in a recent Macon meeting, certi- 
fied an additional 1,044,097 
acres of Georgia land as Tree 
Farms, bringing the state Tree 
Farm area to an all-time high of 
3,672,842 acres. This acreage is 
more than one acre for every per- 
son in the state and 234,772 acres 
more than Texas. 

Other states sharing signifi- 
cant honors in tree crops are 
Arkansas, with 3,300,555 acres; 
Oregon, with 3,259,079; Washing- 
ton which has 3,231,608 acres; 
Florida, which has 3,177,321 
acres, and Alabama, with 3,043,- 
639 acres. 

The Tree Farm system is a nation- 
wide program sponsored by the 
wood - using industries to give 
recognition and encouragement to 
private timberland owners who 
are interested in growing tree 

Landowners must meet rigid stan- 
dards of forest management in 
order to qualify as tree farmers. 
They are required to protect their 
woodlands from fire, insects, dis- 
ease and other hazards. The own- 
ers must harvest trees to assure 
a continuing production of com- 
mercial forest crops, and plant 
trees on idle acres and land not 
suited to other crops. 

B. E. Allen, Chairman of the 
Georgia Tree Farm Committee, 
said, "The work of the Committee 
in certifying enough land to put 
Georgia above such states asTexas, 
Washington and Oregon was made 
possible only because our land- 
owners are doing such an excel- 
lent job." Allen pointed out 
that "joining the program is en- 
tirely voluntary, and the land- 
owner must be willing to submit 
his woodlands to close inspec- 

Announcement of a "completely 
revised and rejuvenated" 'Keep 
Georgia Green' Contest was made 
this month by Kirk Sutlive, state 
chairman of the Georgia Forestry 
Association's annual Keep Green 

Entry deadline for the new con- 
test is November 15. Mr. Sutlive 
estimated that as a result of the 
revised rules, nearly al 1 of the 
143 counties under protection of 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
forces are expected to enter the 
1955-56 contest. 

Rather than all eligible coun- 
ties in the state participating 
on a state basis, as they have in 
the past, Georgia Forestry Asso- 
ciation officials have set up 
competition on a Georgia Fores- 
try Commission forestry district 
basis. A winner will be announced 
from each forestry district, and 
the 10 winners then will compete 
on a statewide basis. 

District winners will be award- 
ed a $100 prize. State prizes for 
which district winners will com- 
pete will be $1,000 for first 
prize and $500 for second prize. 
The ranger of the winning county 
in the state contest will be 
awarded a $100 prize. A $50 cash 
prize is slated for the District 
Forester with the largest per- 
centage of eligible counties 

Mr. Sutlive also reported the 
new contest will tend to de- empha- 
size the county forest fire record 
as a means of computing points. 
Increased emphasis, however, will 
be placed on organized fire pre- 
vention activities of the com- 
munities' citizens. 

Total points of 1,000 will be 
divided as follows: Fires, fire 
control, 100; county council and 
committees, 100; community and 
county participation, 200; pub- 
licity, 100; management, 200; 
public demonstrations, 100; signs 
and posters, 100; and other ac- 
tivities, 100. 

/9 55 e**p 

/956 ? 


Cone Collection Season 
Opens Throughout State 

Georgia's 1955 pine cone collec- 
tion officially opened this month 
asGuyton DeLoach, Director, Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission, re-empha- 
sized continuous need for cooper- 
ation from 1 and owners throughout 
the state. 

The Forestry Commission's quota 
of approximately 66,000 bushels 
for this year's cone collection is 
a 35 per cent increase over the 
1954 collection. Quotas of bushels 
for Commission districts are: 
Americus, 7,150; Camilla, 5,200; 
Gainesville, 1,100; McRae, 12,600; 
Milledgeville, 3,000; Rome, 575; 
Statesboro, 15,150, and Washing- 
ton, 3,000. 

"It is imperative that the Com- 
mission have the complete support 
of the public if Georgia's future 
vast reforestation programs are 
to be successful," stated Mr. 
DeLoach. He urged all Georgia cit- 
izens interested in the develop- 
ment of forestry resources in 
Georgia to sell their cones to cone 
collection dealers within the 
state, and not to out-of-state 
dealers. Seed from pine cones sold 

to the Forestry Commission will be 
planted in Georgia forest tree 
nurseries and distributed to Geor- 
gians. Selling of cones to other 
states will "further the refores- 
tation programs of those states, 
and not benefit the state of Geor- 
gia, " sai d the Commissi on Director. 

"Georgia's valuable, but often 
forgotten crop of pine cones offers 
the farmer a profitable fall in- 
come for very little effort,'' 
pointed out Sanford Darby, Com- 
mission Reforestation Chief. 

Mr. Darby reminded Georgians of 
the prices that the Commission is 
paying for various species of 
cones. Pickers will receive 50 
cents a bushel for longleaf pine 
and 90 cents a bushel for slash 
pine. Loblolly cones are worth 
$1.25 a bushel, and white pine 
cones will bring $2 per bushel. 

The reforestation chief urged 
farmers and landowners to join in 
the cone collection and take ad- 
vantage of "this extra dollars 
and cents crop now on your trees. 

(Continued on Page 10) 

CONE DELIVERY - Scenes such as this will be repeated many times 
in Georgia during the next few months as cones are gathered from field 
stations and delivered to drying sheds. 

Stale, OnduAbuf 
get Coordinated 

tyi/ie CatUtoU Plan 

Representatives of state and 
private forest fire fighting 
agencies, meeting recently in 
Macon at a session called by the 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
adopted a statewide fire control 

The plan, aimed at coordinating 
efforts in combating major forest 
fires, calls for training in for- 
est fire fighting methods to be 
conducted on local levels and for 
overall cooperation by fire 
fighting groups in major emer- 

H. E. Ruark, Fire Control Chief, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, has 
been named chairman of a coor- 
dinating committee which will 
set up objectives for the local 

Representatives from private 
industry, large landowners, for- 
est products users, and others 
attended the meeting. 

Until permanent committees can 
be set up, district committees 
will be headed by foresters in 
the Commission's 10 districts. 
They will emphasize training and 
fire prevention and will deter- 
mine on a local level how to 
handle local problems. 

The group discussed forestry 
communication from Georgia units 
to those in neighboring states 
during a fire and made plans to 
contact the Federal Communica- 
tions Commission in an attempt 
to license state to state radio 
c on t ro 1 , 

State and industry leaders 
following the meeting predicted 
setting up the emergency plans 
will in future emergencies result 
in even greater coordination and 
cooperation between the two 
groups than has been evidenced 
in the past. 

"A concrete means now exists, " 
they pointed out, "for the co- 
operation which always has been 
evidenced in the past." 


l&E, Nursery, 

Meet At Macon 

More than 80 forestry leaders 
from 12 Southern states gathered 
at Macon, Georgia, last month to 
attend the annual meeting of 
Southern Information and Educa- 
tion, Reforestation and Manage- 
ment Chiefs and Nurserymen. 

Theme of the meeting centered 
about devising new means of util- 
izing information and education 
media to give the public a great- 
er realization of the dollars 
and cents profits to be gained 
from good woodland management 
and reforestation methods. 

Tours to the Georgia Forestry 
Center, Hitchiti Experimental 
Station, the Georgia Forestry 
Commission's Davisboro nursery 
and to Ocmulgee National Monument 
were made by delegates of the 
three organizations attending the 
three-day meeting. 

Bibb County Representative 
Denmark Groover addressed a joint 
banquet session of the group and 
cited the challenges which lie 
ahead for Southern foresters in 
acquainting the public with the 
many phases of good management 
and reforestation. 

Earlier during the meeting Guy- 
ton DeLoach, Commission Director, 
welcomed the group to Georgia, 
to Macon and to the Georgia For- 
estry Center. 

Morgan Smith, Assistant to the 
Chief of the Cooperative Forest 
Fire prevention program, ad- 
dressed the Information and Edu- 
cation Chiefs' meetings. Chiefs 
of Reforestation and Management 
who addressed the man agemen t 
group were C. B. Marl in, of the 
Arkansas Forestry Commission; 
R. A. Bonninghausen, of the Flor- 
ida Forest Service, and E. C. 
Pickens, of the South Carolina 
Forestry Commission. 

Representatives attended the 
meeting from Georgia, Florida, 
Alabama, South Carolina, North 
Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, 
Mississippi, Louisiana, Okla- 
homa, Kentucky and Tennessee. 

QeotofiaA Pula r Pope* 
MUU £ead 9« PUiduUf 

Georgia's pulp and paper indus- 
try topped all other Southern 
states in tree planting in the 
1954- ' 55 season, the Southern 
Pulpwood Conservation Association 
reported this month. 

H. J. Malsberger, Forester and 
General Manager of the SPCA, re- 
vealed that 44,681,200 trees were 
planted by 13 pulp and paper com- 
panies and five pulpwood suppliers 
who cooperated in the survey. Com- 
panies accounted for 44,371,200 
trees being planted in Georgia 
and suppliers 310,000. 

The planting program by indus- 
try and pulpwood suppliers ex- 
ceeded the 1953- '54 program in 
Georgia by over two million trees. 

Florida was second in the South, 
planting 39,399,500 trees. Last 
year Florida led the region and 
Georgia was second. 

Companies and suppliers pur- 
chased 45,360,050 trees from 
Georgia state nurseries while 
1,870,450 were raised in company 
nurseries. Brunswick Pulp & Paper 
Company of Brunswick, raised 
1,285,000 trees in its nursery 

while Union Bag & Paper Corpora- 
tion of Savannah raised 584,550 
in its nurseries. 

Companies participating in this 
program were Brunswick Pulp & 
Paper Company, Gair Woodlands 
Corporation, Armstrong Cork Com- 
pany, Rayonier, Inc., Georgia 
Kraft Company, St. Marys Kraft 
Corporation, Union Bag & Paper 
Corporation, International Paper 
Company, West Virginia Pulp and 
Paper Company, St. Regis Paper 
Company, Bowaters Southern Paper 
Corporation, Container Corpora- 
tion of America, and the Champion 
Paper and Fibre Company. 

Pulpwood suppliers in Georgia 
who participated in the planting 
program were B. E. Pelham of Ella- 
ville; Leo Mooradian of Hapeville; 
J. T. Strahan Company of Port Went- 
worth; Varn Timber Company of 
Hoboken; andTurnell and Morgan' of 

Southwide pulp and paper indus- 
try accounted for 181,856,000 
trees being planted over an 11- 

( Continued on Page 10) 

CONSERVATION AWARD - T. M. Strickland receives Woodman of the 
World Conservation award for outstanding work as Richmond County Ranger. 
The group includes, left to right, Mrs. T. M. Strickland, and sons 
Thurman and David. 


$16,000,000 Annually 

Wood PtebefaMUio>n AuJU 

Operators and workers in Geor- 
gia' s $16,000,000 a year wood 
preserving industry today are 
writing a leading chapter in the 
state's story of forest conserva- 

R. L. Osborne, American Wood 
Preservers Institute, Atlanta, 
pointed out this month that the 17 
Georgia plants which report their 
annual output to the U.S. Forest 
Service accounted for a total of 
169,000,000 board feet of treated 
timber last year. 

"When this output is translated 
into resource savings and econom- 
ic benefits," declared Mr. 
Osborne, " the contribution of the 
wood preserving industry to the 
economy of Georgia is of substan- 
tial significance." 

Forest economists are quick to 
point out that timber resource 
savings are in direct proportion 

to the increased service life re- 
sulting from proper wood preser- 
vation. Pressure treating of 
Georgia's railroad cross ties, 
poles, piling and structural tim- 
bers, for example, increases their 
life four- fold and more. Similar- 
1 y, the pressure treatment of fence 
posts and timber used on farms in- 
creases their life from five or 
six years to 25 or 30 years or 
1 onger. 

"Consequently," explained the 
District Manager, "timber re- 
source savings can be estimated to 
total at least two to three times 
the annual output of treated tim- 
ber in the state. ' ' 

In order of their importance, 
material treated in Georgia pi ants 
last year included poles, cross 
ties and switch ties, lumber, pil- 
ing and fence posts. 

{Continued, on Page 10) 

duction in hot weather. Poles are 
Insures a long period of use. This 
houses, machinery sheds, corn cr 
frame construction. 

DEBARKING - Worker removes bark from pine pole in the woods. The 
pole is slated for transportation to a wood preservation company. In 
the wood preserving industry, raw materials are obtained from large 
numbers of -small operators. Many Georgia farmers have found direct 
benefits from selling part of their timber crop to wood preservation 
firms or indirect benefits from treating their own poles and posts. 

poles are loaded on trailer ti 
ing plant. Poles are loaded d 
the trams for treating. 

built with pressure treated poles boost milk pro- 
d against insects and decay. The pressure treatment 
istruction eliminates high cost foundations. Poultry 
er silos and carports also are being built of pole 

RESEARCH - Laboratory anJ storage area shows 
small section of test yard employing commercial 
cross section pole stubs. Stubs and test pieces 
have been placed yearly in this testing ground 
since 1942. in timber procurement and wood pres- 
ervation, research is an important factor. Research 
workers and laboratory leaders are continually 
seeking new ways to increase the life span of wood 

TING PLANT* "Valuable peel en 
ovement to the wood preserv- 
otn the trucks at the plant to 

REMOVING TREATED CHARGE - Diesel electric locomotive removes 
treated charge from cylinder at the East point plant of Southern Wood 
preserving Co. Slightly more than 98 per cent of the timber treated in 
Georgia last year was processed by pressure treating. 

J0&&- " ^ 





FUTURE TREE CROPS- -Rows of tree seedlings stretch to the horizon 
in Georgia's Hightower Nursery in Dawson County. These Loblolly 
seedlings are part of the record crop being grown in the state' s four 

White County Initiates 
Forest Fire Protection 

White County has become the 143rd 
Georgia county to join the organ- 
ized protection system of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

The county came under protection 
August 15, according to Guyton 
DeLoach, Director, Georgia Fores- 
try Commission. White and Haber- 
sham Counties will operate as a 
combined unit under the leadership 
of Ranger W. A. DeMore. 

Ranger DeMore has headed the 
Habersham unit for the past four 

Director DeLoach congratulated 
the citizens of White County and 
assured them the cost of partici- 
pation "will be returned many 
times over in the form of a 
strengthened forest economy. " 

"The prevention or the rapid 
suppression of one single forest 
fire," he declared, "could in 
many instances during, a dry sea- 
son save an amount of timber in 
White County equal in value to 
cost of operation of the Unit for 
and entire year." 

District Forester 0. C. Burtz, 
of Gainesville, also lauded the 

move and cited not only the lire 
suppression benefits but said 
Ranger DeMore already has begun 
an intensive program in the county 
to emphasize fire prevention, ac- 
quaint citizens with good forest 
management methods, reforestation 
plans, and other forestry phases. 

Surveys now are under way to de- 
termine a forest fire lookout tow- 
er site. Cost of erecting the 
tower will be borne entirely by 
the state. 

With the entry of White County 
into the organized protection 
system of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission, only 16 counties in 
Georgia now are without protec- 

These counties are Miller, 
Baker, Webster, Quitman, Randolph, 
Fayette, Rockdale, Jeff Davis, 
Houston, Peach, Johnson, Lanier, 
Union, Towns, Hart, and Tallia- 
f erro. 

White County has 86,800 acres 
of forestland. State and private 
forest area under protection in 
Georgia now totals 20,937,462 
acres. Unprotected lands total 
1, 567, 338 acres. 

Slash, Longleaf 
Research Given 
Aid By Congress 

Recent Congressional approval of 
an increased appropriation of 
$300,000 to strengthen slash-long- 
leaf pine research is expected in 
years to come to provide untold 
benefits to woodland owners of 
Georgia and other Southern states. 

Spearheading efforts for this 
increase was the Forest Farmers 
Association of Atlanta, in co- 
operation with numerous other 
Southern forestry groups. The 
groups included the American Tur- 
pentine Farmers Association; Lou- 
isiana Forestry Association; Mis- 
sissippi Forestry Association; 
Forestry Committee, Florida State 
Chamber of Commerce; Gum Proces- 
sors Association; and the Florida 
Board of Forestry. 

J. V. Whit field, president, For- 
est Farmers Association, said, 
"The U.S. Forest Service's slash- 
longleaf pine research centers, 
which we helped get established 
in 1947, had never had any in- 
crease in appropriations since 
they were created. With the tre- 
mendous advances in forestry de- 
velopment activity, research on 
these vital trees was beginning 
to lag. We are, of course, delight- 
ed at the additional $300,000 
appropriation and the stepped-up 
research it will make possible." 

Federal research work centers 
over the South benefiting from 
this increased appropriation are 
located at Cordele; Lake City; 
Florida; Marianna, Florida; La- 
Belle, Florida.; Brewton and Bir- 
mingham, Ala.; Gulfport, Miss.; 
Alexandria, La.; and Nacogdoches, 

Tins increase was included in a 
record overall budget for the U.S. 
Forest Service which was upped 
$9,463,43 Q over last year's fig- 
ure. Research also received an 
additional $400,000, giving this 
item a total increase of $700,000. 

*JUe R.o+t*u£i*fi 

Rangers In 
The News 

Frank Davenport, Ranger, Fannin 
County Forestry Unit, led off 
Georgia' s annual county fair sea- 
son by being the first of Geor- 
gia's 136 rangers to set up a 
forestry exhibit in a 1955 fair. 
The exhibit, utilizing the 
"Little Snokey Bear" theme, 
showed by means of flashing pan- 
els the familiar and traditional 
bear cubs pointing out common 
forest fire prevention tips. 
Ranger Davenport's exhibit was 
shown the third week in August. 

Three other North Georgia 
rangers followed the Fannin ex- 
hibit with fair exhibits on for- 
estry in their own counties the 
following week. They were Barrow 
County Ranger J. L. Dover, and 
Hall County Ranger Owen J. Dean. 

Pierce County Ranger Roswell 
C. James recently helped present 
a demonstration on black turpen- 
tine and ips beetle control in 
his county. The demonstration 
was held on the farm of Rufus 
Smith 11 miles south of Bristol 
and eight miles north of Black- 
shear on Route 121. 

Those on the progran,, in addi- 
tion to Ranger James, included 
Pierce County Agent R. P. Leckie; 
Dorsey Dyer, Extension Forester, 
Georgia Extension Service; H. W. 
Williams, Assistant District For- 
ester in charge of Management, 
Waycross District, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, and Henry G. 
Backus, U.S. Forest Service 
Naval Stores Conservation Pro- 

Landowners, turpentine produc- 
ers, gum farmers and other per- 
sons in Brantley, Ware and Bacon 
Counties attended. 



' ? *' ; 4ykf; 

UNIT -Gracing U.S. 41 near Mariet- 
ta is the newly completed headquar- 
ters of the Cobb Forestry Unit. 
Built in impressive ranch style, 
the beautiful building, above, 
includes both spacious headquar- 
ters for the unit and living 
quarters for the Ranger. In the 
headquarters area are offices for 
the Ranger and dispatchers, com- 
plete lavatory shower facilities, 
and garage space. Innovations are 
the commodious locker facilities 
provided for all unit personnel, 
as shown at right by Ranger T. L. 
Holmes. Below, Holmes demonstrates 
how the conference space can be _j 
divided for separate offices with 
the built-in accordion wall. 

I {^^ 





0*t 5betectiO*i 

Investigators of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission are partici- 
pating in an intensified training 
program in modern crime detection 
techniques designed to increase 
their effectiveness in every phase 
of forestry investigative activi- 

Training sessions are being held 
at regular intervals at various 
Georgia Forestry Commission dis- 
trict headquarters throughout the 
state. The opening session was 
held at Rome, and others will fol- 
low at Statesboro, Camilla, Amer- 
icus, Newnan, McRae, Milledge- 
ville, Waycross, Gainesville and 

''Today's tw en t i e t h - century 
forestry investigator, ' ' John R. 
Gore, Chief Investigator, ex- 
plained in outlining objectives 
of the training program, ' 'must 
be competent not only in detecting 
and apprehending those who will- 
fully damage Georgia's vast for- 
estland acreage. He must, in ad- 
dition, be well versed in court, 
procedure. He must have full 
knowledge of Georgia's forest 
protection laws, and he must be 

PISTOL COURSE - Marksmanship and proper ways to handle pistols are 
included in the training program set up for the Commission's investi- 
gators. The group includes, left to right, John R. Gore, of Macon, Chief 
Investigator; R. M. McCrimmon, of Statesboro; James W. Swindell, of 
Camilla; Clyde Bowden, Americus; W. E. Lee, Newnan; Charles Tillman, 
McRae; Herman Scoggin, Rome; Frank Osborne, Waycross, and Tom Shelton, 

able to show the public that the 
best way to halt a fire is to pre- 
vent its starting. ' ' 

The Chief Investigator empha- 
sized that the ''large majority'' 
of Georgia citizens give whole- 
hearted cooperation to efforts of 
the Georgia Forestry Commission 

Mr. Gore said that each inves- 
tigator will be given a discussion 
topic at the various district ses- 
sions. At the Rome meeting R. M. 
McCrimmon described forestry law 
enforcement. James W. Swindell's 
topic was forest protection laws, 
including Georgia's fire laws, 

to protect its F 50, 000, 000 a year timber theft, and trespass. Clyde 

tree crop from wildfire. Rowden spoke on investigation, 

' 'Much of an investigator's work, and W. E. Lee spoke on arrest, 

however, ' ' he added, ' 'must neces- search and seizure. 

cessarily be centered about those 
remaining few persons. Results of 
fire prevention activities of 
thousands of conservation minded 
Georgians can be laid waste in a 
matter of minutes merely by the 
work of one vicious incendarist. 

Charles Tillman described the 
need for cooperation with land- 
owners, agencies and other public 
officials. Herman Scoggin' s talk 
covered report writing, state- 
ments and confessions. Frank 
(Continued on Page 10 J 

CRIME DETECTION TRAINING - Fingerprinting is explained, photo at left, by Chief Investigator J. R. Gore as 
Tom Shelton, center, and R. M. McCrimmon, right, look on. Plaster cast made from tire track, photo at right, 
is shown by Clyde Bowden to James Swindell, right, and W. E. Lee, center. 

Industry Planting. 

(Continued iron Page H) 

state area in 1954-' 55, an all- 
time record of this region, plant- 
ing records, according to Mr. 
Malsberger, show that 50 pulp mills 
and 31 suppliers of pulpwood from 
Virginia to Texas exceeded their 
1954 record by over one and one- 
half million trees. 

(Continued from Page '4) 

Osborne described criminal court 
procedure. Rules of evidence, 
collection and preservation of 
evidence, plaster casts, and fin- 
gerprints were outlined by Tom 
Shelton. Mr. Gore described crim- 
inal court procedure. 

City Court Solicitor Dan Winn, 
of Cedartown, addressed the group 
on Supreme Court Rulings of wild- 
fire cases. 

The Rome training session also 
included instruction on the pis- 
tol course. Under leadership of 
Lt. P. C. Peacock, of the Georgia 
State Patrol, each investigator 
fired 100 rounds of ammunition. 

Gone SeaUut.. 

(Conzxnuea jron Page 3) 

This year the Commission is sign- 
ing up additional dealers to estab- 
lish cone collection stations. Per- 
sons interested in dealerships 
should contact their County Forest 
Ranger or the Georgia Forestry 
Commission, State Capitol , Atlan- 
ta. Cone pickers also are asked to 
contact their County Forest Ran- 
gers, who will tell them when to 
begin picking the various species 
of cones. 

Mr. Darby urged that sufficient 
cones be gathered during the next 
few weeks, since more than one 
million seedlings are planted by 
Georgia farmers each season. He 
suggested that Boy Scouts, FFA 
and 4-H clubs participate in cone 
collection activities to obtain 
extra cash this fall for club ac- 

PRIME TREATED WOOD PRODUCT- -Stocks of Georgia pine poles 
are stacked for air- seasoning at the Macon plant of the South- 
ern Wood Preserving Company. 

Conservation Via Preservation.. 

(Continued from Page 5) 

Wood preservatives utilized in- 
cluded creosote and creosote-coal 
tar solutions, which were used for 
90 per cent of the wood treated. 
Other preservatives include pen- 
tachlorophenol , Wolman salts, and 
eel cure. 

More than 98 per cent of the tim- 
ber treated in Georgia is treated 
by the pressure treating process 
in which the timber is placed in 
an air tight steel cylinder, pre- 
servative admitted, and a pressure 
of 125 to 150 pounds per square 
inch applied. Treating time and 
pressure are regulated to obtain 
thorough penetration of the pre- 

Treating resul ts are measured 
by the depth of the penetration 
and by the pounds of preservative 
injected in each cubic foot of 

Especially significant in Geor- 
gia is the sharply rising demand 
for pressure treated fence posts. 
Production of such posts was al- 
most negligible a decade ago; last 
year's output amounted to 528,000 
po st s . 

Increased use of the pole- frame 
type of farm building also has had 
a significant effect on demand 
for pressure treated wood. Pres- 

sure treated poles are used to 
support the framework of the struc- 
ture. Setting the poles in the 
ground eliminates high cost foun- 
dations and reduces the need for 
large amounts of structural 

Plans and specifications can b« 
obtained from County Agents, or 
from the University of Georgia's 
Agricultural Engineering Exten- 
stion Srvice. Farm labor used in 
such construction cuts costs from 
one hal f to two thirds. 

Farm foresters and wood preser- 
vation leaders are strong in rec- 
ommending buyers to ask the name 
of the treating process and of the 
preservative when buying treated 
fence posts and other products. 

"Any treating plant," accord- 
ing to Mr. Osborne, "will gladly 
certify as to the name of the 
preservative, the amount of pre- 
servative injected into each 
cubic foot of wood, and the speci- 
fications which apply. Here in 
Georgia this certification should 
be in accordance with standards 
of the American Wood Preservers 
Association, Federal government 
specifications, or the standards 
of the Georgia Highway Depart- 
ment. " 

veneer cores 
Industry is fir 
tops and limb 
bark. One m 
material. Thi 





Thanks to < 
on research a 
left in the wo 
harvests. Twc 
More of the i 

" = " o_ *£ 
-. » o 5" o ^ 

Ho J » — «■ 

•3 3 ,n 3" 



ow < 




id paper manufacture 
ses for sawdust, the 
te stumps . . . even th 
become another's rav 

gy, more trees are 
for tomorrow's tin 
Jo the work of thre 
h tree cut is put tc 
> slabs, edgings ar 

<* ' 






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L5?0K ?5-n; 














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y Q. 

- S 


1 1 



OCT 21 1S55 




Georgia's Invaluable Forest Industry 

(From the Douglas County Sentinel) 

Georgia's forests have been re- 
newing themselves since the be- 
ginning of time. Except in areas 
where fires have completely de- 
stroyed seed sources or in fields 
that have been cleared for agri- 
cultural use and are now being 
returned to forest, nature con- 
tinues to do an adequate tree 
pi anting job. 

Man's help sometimes is nec- 
essary to bring badly burned 
areas or old fields back into 
full tree production. Tree plant- 
ing of commercial proportions 
began in Georgia in 1929 and has 
increased steadily since that 

The state operates tree nurser- 
ies for the supplying of seedlings 
in the program of replanting 
Georgia lands. Many of Georgia's 
forest industries have carried 
out extensive planting projects 
on their own lands and have as- 
sisted small landowners. In a 
campaign to bring idle acres into 
full tree production, Georgia 
bankers have purchased more than 
150 mechanical tree planters for 
use by landowners interested in 
planting seedlings. 

All of the co-operators in the 
reforestation program have real- 
ized the tremendous effect that 
Georgia's trees and their prod- 
ucts have on the overall economy 
of the state. 

Oh* Gov&i 

County fairs and forestiy go 
hand- in-hand during Georgia's 
fall season. This year more than 
a million and a half Georgians 
from the mountains to the sea 
and from the Carolina to the 
Florida and Alabama borders will 
see special forestry exhibits. 
These exhibits, presented as a 
part of the public information 
program of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission, will be shown in 
more than 80 fairs over the state 
by the close of the fair season. 

Counting those employed in the 
many allied wood processing bus- 
inesses, it is safe to say that 
one person .in every three employed 
by industry in Georgia earns his 
living working in some phase of 
the forest industry. Thousands 
more, employed by railroads, 
printing and publishing busi- 
nesses and in the building trades 
are at least in part dependent 
on forests and forest products 
for their livelihood. 

The continued prosperity in 
Georgia depends to a 1 arge extent 
on how wisely the state's renew- 
able forest resources are pro- 
tected, managed and harvested. 
Georgia's forestl and is now 
growing its second, third and in 
some instances fourth crop of 
timber. The economic importance 
to the state of all these stands 
has increased tremendously. Pres- 
ent day forest stands are con- 
tributing far more to the wealth 
of Georgia than did the virgin 
timber that once grew on the same 
1 and. 

Coiled GoneA 
6)>qji tf-all 9ncame 

(From the Augusta Chronicle) 

A new type of harvest is being 
emphasized in Georgia. The state 
is going all-out to collect 
66,000 bushels of pine cones this 
year to be used in reforestation. 

The importance of this harvest 
may not be immediately evident 
to the farmer. 

But Guyton DeLoach, director 
of the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, explains that results from 
this year's cone collection will 
determine in a large measure the 
success of future Georgia refor- 
estation programs. The Commis- 
sion's nurseries need cones for 
seedlings which farmers and land- 
owners, are requesting at the rate 
of 100,000,000 per season. 

Georgia pines are satisfying 
the appetites of many hungry in- 
dustries-bu i 1 ding, turpentine 
and others. If the trees are not 
replaced as rapidly as they are 
consumed by these industries, 
Georgia one of these days will 
look out over its hillsides and 
find them bare. 

Vol. 8 


October, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 10 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Vain, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan ....Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr.... Alamo 

John M. McElrath ...Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 
Press Association. 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS.... Robert Rutherford, Donna Howard 

* * * * 

DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. O. Box 302, 


OCTOBER, 1955 

Called By Governor Griffin 

Oct. 21 Keep Green Conference 
To Bring 1,500 Georgians Here 

Forestry and forest fire pre- 
vention will hold the statewide 
spotlight in Atlanta October 21 
as Georgians pay tribute to the 
importance of keeping their 
24,000,000 acres of woodlands 
free of wildfire. 

The occasion will be a state- 
wide forest fire prevention and 
Keep Georgia Green conference 
scheduled on that date for 

Called by official proclamation 
of Governor Marvin E. Griffin, 
the conference will point out to 
all Georgians the necessity of 
constant vigilance in preventing 
wil dfires. 

Governor Marvin (iriiiiu will 
speak at tne Conference. 

The Governnor called the meet- 
ing at the request of the Georgia 
Forestry Association, which is ar- 
ranging the meeting program under 
the supervision of Robert H. Rush, 
President, and Harvey Brown, Associ- 
ation Executive Secretary. 

More tli an 1,500 Georgians in- 
terested in conserving and devel- 
oping the state's most important 
natural renewal resource are ex- 
pected to attend. 

Governor Griffin and Georgia 
Forestry Commission Director 
Guyton DeLoach will head the list 
of featured speakers. Other 
speakers, to be announced later, 

will represent the various seg- 
ments of Georgia' s forest indus- 

"Wildfire," the Governor said 
in announcing the meeting, "is 
the number one enemy of Georgia 
woodlands. This menace to our 
future progress and prosperity 
will not be controlled until 
every Georgian recognizes and 
appreciates the terrific inroads 
that forest fires make in our 
economy. The purpose of the 
Atlanta forest fire prevention 
conference will be to spotlight 
the importance of constant vigi- 
lance on the part of every citi- 
zen in preventing and controlling 
forest fires. " 

r, Rush pointed out that the 
October 21 date for the meeting is 

particularly appropriate, "since 
Georgia at that time will be in 
the midst of its dangerous fall 
forest fire season. 

"With our hardwoods beginning 
to take on a dormant state and 
with the usual fall accumulation 
of dead leaves and litter on the 
forest floor," he said, "this 
is the time of year when we must 
pay special attention to being 
careful with fire in or near the 
woods. The October 21 meeting 
will call attention to the need 
for this care. " 

Mr. Rush and other forestry 
leaders, however, pointed out that 
the meeting will emphasize the need 
not only for care during the cur- 
rent fall months, but during the 
entire year as well. 

Boosters ! 

COLLECTION - Jerry Ridley, left, 
Putnam County Ranger, inspects cones 
and records amounts delivered by 
William Dobbs, right, Vocational 
Agriculture teacher. Mr. Dobbs' Voca- 
tional Agriculture students at Put- 
nam County High School gathered the 
cones, with the proceeds to be used 
for the purchase of equipment for 
Vo-Ag classes. 

(lec&id Gone- Gollectfon 

Georgia's "Operation Pine 
Cone" for 1955 off icial 1 y opened 
last month and now, with the co- 
operation of hundreds of collec- 
tors and dozens of deal ers through- 
out the state, hasmoved into high 

The first si ash pine cones began 
ripening 1 ast month along the 
counties bordering Florida and in 
the coastal area of the state. 
White pine too, was one of the 
early ripening cone species, with 
citizens of the North Georgia 
mountain areas supplying this 

Later the collection of long- 
leaf began, and even later the 
loblolly collection. 

Georgia Forestry Commission 
warehouses at the Georgia Fores- 
try Center at Macon and at Baxley 
are serving as delivery points for 
cones. The cones, after a drying 
period, are placed in hoppers, in 
which the winged seeds are dis- 

The seeds will be used in a vast 
program of reforestation under 

which Georgia has slated an annual 
nursery production of 100,000,000 

Many farmers this season learned 
that pine cones, which in other 
years had been a " forgotten crop" 
on their woodland acres, could 
yield dollars and cents cash val- 
ues. They were further heartened 
from the by-word at the County 
Forestry Unit headquarters which 
served as most counties' delivery 
point-"Cash on Delivery." 

The Georgia Forestry Commission 
is paying cone pickers 50 cents 
a bushel for longleaf pine and 
90 cents a bushel for slash pine. 
Loblolly pine cones are worth 
$1. 25 per bushel while white pine 
cones are bringing pickers $2 
per bushel. 

The quota set up for the 1955 cone 
collection was 35 per cent greater 
than for the 1954 collection. 

Quotas set up at begnining of the 
season were as follows: loblolly, 
15,000 bushels; slash, 50,000 
bushels; and longl eaf, 700 bushel s. 

ELBERT SMOKE SPOTTER - Mrs. Glovena F. Ballew, one of the newest of Georgia' s lady lookouts, scans 
Elbert County. skies for wildfire. Mrs. Ballew begins the morning from the base of the tower to the cab. 
Mrs. Ballew is one of 325 forest fire lookout tower operators employed by the Georgia Forestry Commission. 



Creation of a new position in 
the Georgia Forestry Commission 
and promotion of three men were 
announced this month by Guyton 
DeLoach, Director, Georgia For- 
estry Commission. 

Lester L. Lundy, former Assis- 
istant Fire Control Chief, takes 
over the newly created post, of 
Chief of Services and Supply. 
Mr. Lundy, as head of the Com- 
mission's Services and Supply 
division, will co-ordinate shop, 
warehouse, and other activities 
at the Georgia Forestry Center. 

LESTER L. LUNDY - New Oiief of 
Services and Supplies. 

Curtis S. Barnes, former Dis- 
trict Forester of the Fourth 
District in Newnan, has taken 
over Mr. Lundy' s post as Assis- 
tant Fire Control Chief. 

James A. Hen son, former Assis- 
tant District Forester of the 
Newnan District, takes over the 
District Forester post left va- 
ant by Mr. Barnes' promotion. 

Mr. Lun^y, a native of Boston, 
Ga. , began work with the Commis- 
sion in January 1949 as Assistant 
District Forester in charge of 
Fire Control at the Second Dis- 
trict Office at Camilla. In 1951 
he was transferred to the Tenth 
(Continued on Page 10) 

INDIVIDUAL TREE SELECTION thinning removes defective, diseased sup- 
pressed trees, leaves vigorous stand. T. B. Hankinson, Management Field 
Assistant of the Commission, inspects trees in tenth-acre center plot cf 
selectively cut area. 

Milledgeville Research Plots 

To Give Piedmont Thinning Data 

Oneof Piedmont Georgia' s finest 
and largest planted slash pine 
stands-in the rolling terrain of 
Baldwin County just west of Mil- 
ledgeville— is the site of one of 
the most comprehensive thinning 
studies ever undertaken in the 

Coincident with the pioneering 
character of the experiments, and 
of equally significant public in- 
terest and benefit, is the fact 
that the establishment of the 
the studies is providing heal th- 
ful and productive' activity for 
patients of the Milledgeville 
State Hospital, is providing sub- 
stantial cash income to the State 
Wei fare Department through the 
sale of pulpwood removed in the 
thinnings, and is also insuring a 
greatly accelerated growth in 
timber production on these state- 
owned acres. The net proceeds from 
the management of the forest ac- 
crue to the Wei fare Department 
under an agreement with the Geor- 
gia Forestry Commission which con- 
trol s and manages the forest with 
the Welfare Department providing 
labor for the cutting. 

The purpose of the study is to 
determine the method of cutting 

that is most profitable if har- 
vesting plans, methods and pro- 
cedures are carried through to 
conclusion. Stated differently, 
the objective is to answer the 
age-old question as to which 
(Continuea on rag~e 10 j 

RAW THINNING PLOT shows indis- 
criminate tree removal in this 
type cutting. Many good trees are 
cut with residual having poorly 
formed, diseased trees. 

Lamon Williams, left, Candler County, and Harold Osborne, 
Ware County, speak from wealth of experience in instructions on 
use and maintenance of suppression units. 





T. M. Strickland, Richmond County, outlines ideas ano pro- 
cedures for TV programs. tselow, Hangers get preview oi the 
Commission's newest fair exiiihit, lighted panel display empha- 
sizing the need for good forest management radices. 

At Rock Eagle 

School Bells 

School bells recently rang 
again for the Georgia Forestry 
Commission's 135 County Forest 
Rangers as they attended a week- 
long training session at the 
Rock Eagle 4-H Center near Eaton- 

The Rangers, along with per- 
sonnel from the Commission's 10 
district offices, Atlanta office 
and the Georgia Forestry Center, 
followed a rigid and close train- 
ing schedule which included every 
phase of Ranger and Commission 

Formal presentation of the Com- 
mission' s brand new Operation 
Fire Emergency" highlighted 
opening of the training period, 
and many of die classes on fol- 
lov'npidays were devoted to indi- 
vidual discussions, demonstra- 
tions and presentations of the 
Fire Control Division's new plan 
for compl ete util i zation ofstate 
personnel on h]] levels on large 
forest fires. 

II. E. Ruark, Fire Control Chief, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, out- 
lined the plan and explained its 
use was not alone for the large 
fires, but, instead, was intend- 
ed to serve as an operations 
plan for wildfires from the 
"county level on up." 

Other special speakers includ- 
ed Guyton DeLoach, Commission 
Director, who reviewed the Com- 
mission's over- all plans and ob- 
jectives for the future; Harvey 
Brown, Secretary, Georgia For- 
estry -Association, who outlined 
the part the Georgia Junior 
Chamber of Commerce will play in 
the 1^5^ Keep Georgia Green con- 
test, and Major T. W. Turbiville, 
LI. S. Air force, Ground Observer 
Corps, who described the role 
which the Commission plays in 
civil defense. 

Preventive maintenance al so 
was highlighted at the school, 
and Rangers followed the familiar 
"learn by doing" method on ve- 
hicles ranging from pickup trucks 
to the largest and most powerful 
of fire suppression tractors and 

' ' ■ . on }.:,'■ 10) 

OCTOBER, 1955 

ig For 135 Rangers 

stant Fire Control Chief J. C. Turner gives pointers on methods of 

and maintenance of light tractors is covered in training session. 

ty was an important feature of the training session. Turner Barber, 

ifth District Forester, points out techniques of artificial respir- 

r Leon Ray, Emanuel County Ranger, left, and M. D. Waters, Tattnall 


on DeLoach, Commission Director, addresses opening session of the 

truction and use of fire danger barometer station is outlined by 
tierington, Third District Forester. 





e s 











>n 1,1 

' " m ■ - t iir,.» 

M I | 

400,000 3B& 




■ ' W> ' ' la/," 

200,000 E&SffibE 

how state forest lands can be brought to doubled production with doubled in- 
come and greatly multiplied benefits. 

Forestry Headlined 
At Southeastern Fair 

below, features production of gum nav 
stores. Robert Gair Company, Union E 
and Brunswick Pulp and Paper are repr 
sented in products exhibit of Georg 
pulp and paper industry. 

The importance of forests and 
of forest conservation to Geor- 
gia and to the entire Southeast 
was given top prominence at the 
recent Southeastern Fair as a 
dozen state, federal and private 
forestry organizations displayed 
a group of integrated exhibits. 

Keynote of the individual ex- 
hibits was the tremendous econ- 
omic potentiality of Georgia's 
woodland acres and forest indus- 
tries. Now a $750,000,000 a year 
business, the exhibit themes 
pointed out, Georgia's forest- 
land economy and industries could 
be doubled in value under good 
forest management practices. 

Those exhibiting were the U.S. 
Forest Service, Georgia Forestry 
Commission, U.S. Fish and Wild- 
life Service, Georgia Game and 
Fish Commission, Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association, 
American Turpentine Farmer's 

Association, Georgia Extension 
Service, University of Georgia 
School of Forestry, Southern Pine 
Association, Georgia Forestry Asso- 
ciation, Lake City Experiment Sta- 
tion and pulp and paper industries. 

This year, for the first time 
in its history, the Southeastern 
Fair featured a Forestry Day. 
Observed on October 6, the spe- 
cial day was proclaimed by fair 
officials as "the day upon which 
Georgians are asked to realize 
the outstanding role which wood- 
lands play in the economy of our 
communities and in our own indi- 
vidual daily lives." 

Thousands of persons passed 
through the forestry exhibit 
space during the 11-day period 
from September 28 through October 
8. The forestry display was the 
most extensive of its kind in the 
history of the Southeastern Fair. 


Southern Pine Association display points up the 
■satility of Southern pine in construction and 
•ious types of woodwork. 

Fire Prevention is featured in the Georgia Fores- 
Association exhibit booth. 
Recreational display by the U.S. Forest Service 
kons viewers to the national forests, 
lardwood control display and Woody, the fire stop- 
, feature exhibit of Southern Pulpwood Oonserva- 
Giant-sized Smokey marks the building houses of 

forestry exhibits. 
Georgia's School of Forestry exhibit shows the 
:ribution made by its graduates to the economy of 

rjeorgia Forestry Commission emphasizes Georgia' s 
)er one forest problem: improper cutting prac- 









1 Ida 







Rangers In 
The News 

Douglas County Ranger Fred 
Baker's reforestation program for 
the 1955- * 56 planting season and 
for future seasons as well has 
received a boost through pur- 
chase of a mechanical tree 
planter by the Board of Commis- 
sioners of Douglas County. The 
Ranger pointed out that very 
little of Douglas County's acre- 
age has been reforested on a 
large scale since CCC days, when 
5,000 acres were replanted. 

The Douglas County Sentinel 
recognized the importance of the 
purchase of the new planter by 
reporting the event on the first 
page of the newspaper. The news 
article contained instructions 
for borrowing and using the ma- 
chine and also outlined the fire 
control activities of the Unit. 

SMOKEY GREETS TOBACCOLAND CROWD - Smokey, better known to the folks 
around Moultrie as Patrolman Will B. Crosby, of the Colquitt County 
Forestry Unit, meets with Colquitt County Ranger Harry McKinnon, left, 
and Assistant District Forester Frank Eadie as the 1955 Tobacco Fes- 
tival gets underway at Moultrie. The truck is decorated with Smokey' s 
own forest fire prevention messages. The float was prepared in cooper- 
ation with the Georgia Forestry Association. 

trict office personnel bid goodbye to Dade County Ranger J. C. Pace, 
after more than a decade of fighting wildfires in North Georgia's 
rugged mountain terrain, retired last month. Pictured at the head 
table at the party held at Rome for Mr. Pace are, left to right, 
District Forester Frank Craven; G. W. Boggs, former Floyd County 
Ranger who retired earlier this year; Mr. Pace; Chattooga County 
Ralph Clark, and Chief Investigator Bob Gore. 

The Pike County Lions Club re- 
cently highly commended the Pike 
County Forestry Unit for "great- 
ly reducing the incidence of 
uncontrolled forest fires in Pike 
County. " 

Pobby J. Harrison, President of 
the Lions Club, said, "The Unit 
exemplifies the highest ideals 
of public service, all to the 
greater safety, security and 
prosperity of the citizens of 
this county. " 

The Club expressed hope that 
the Pike County Forestry Unit 
will continue its successful 
operation . 

Pulaski and Dodge Counties have 
led the way for an expected 150 
county entrants by being the 
first to enter the 1956 Keep 
Georgia Green Contest. The coun- 
ties will compete for coveted 
prizes amounting to a total of 

S. W. Smith, of Hawkinsvil 1 e, 
was elected Chairman of the Keep 
Pulaski County Green Council, 
and W. L. Jessup, Jr. , of East- 
man will lead Dodge County in 
the highly competitive contest. 
Forest Ranger for Pulaski County 
is John Dickinson, and J. D. 
Beauchamp is Dodge County's For- 
est Ranger. 

Ranger School.. 

(Continued from Page 5 J 

Other topics studied by the 
Rangers and fellow Cormiission 
personnel included technique of 
fire 'suppression, safety and 
first aid, seedling distribution, 
insect identification, fire re- 
ports, vehicle and driving safe- 
ty, weather stations, press and 
radio, television and special 
projects, and visual aids and 

Special classes also were con- 
ducted for radio technicians and 
forest fire investigators of the 
Georgia Forestry Cormiission. 

CURTIS S. BARNES, left, is the 
James A. Henson, right, takes ove 
District Forester in Newnan. 

Milledgeville Research Plots.. 

(Continued from Page UJ 

method of cutting provides the 
most long-run income for the land- 
owner. At the same time, the exper- 
iments will serve to show the 
economical life of slash pine 
planted in Piedmont Georgia. 

As a proj ect of the Athens-Macon 
Research Center, the study was 
initiated during the winter of 
1954-55 as a cooperative venture 
between the Georgia Forestry 
Commission and the Southeastern 
Forest Experiment Station. The 
plantation surrounds the Sixth 
District office of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, and the 17-18 
year old slash pine enfold the 
area in a continuous canopy of 
green planted with 6x6 spacing on 
abandoned agricultural lands. 
Prior to the start of the study, 
the area had never been thinned, 
the stands were heavil y stagnated, 
and fusiform rust and pitch canker 
were prevalent throughout the 
pi antation. 

Sixty individual plots, select- 
ed at random, have been establ ished 
with four basic treatments of 15 
plots each. In the selection thin- 
ning there are 15 plots with cut- 
ting at various intensities, and 
each seventh row removed for ac- 
cess. In the 15 diameter limit 
plots, cutting is to various min- 
imum diameters. In the row thin- 
ning, there are five plots with 

alternate rows removed, five 
plots with every fourth row re- 
moved, and five plots with two out 
of every three rows removed. Final - 
nally, in the fifteen control 
plots no cutting has been done. 

Thus, with the three different 
types of thinning-selection, row, 
and diameter limit-there are plots 
which emerge with high, medium 
and low densities after thinning. 

Each individual plot is three 
chains square, 9/10 of an acre, 
with a center plot of 1/10 acre. 
The cutting treatments were ap- 
plied to the entire 9/10 acre 
plot, but measurements of indi- 
vidual trees were made onl y on the 
center 1/10 acre. Thus, the sur- 
rounding area of similarly cut 
timber witliin each 9/10 acre plot 
acts as a buffer zone and elimin- 
ates the effect of " edge opening" 
of the stands. Individual trees 
within the center plots are per- 
manently numbered for subsequent 

Directing the operations on 
theground is T. R. Hankinson, 
Management Field Assistant of 
the Commission. Hankinson, an 
experienced technical forester 
and veteran in forest manage- 
ment, supervises the work of the 
35-to-40-man crews of mental pa- 
tients from the Forestry Depart- 
ment of the hospital. 

new Chief of Services and Supplies, 
r Barnes' former position as Fourth 

(Continued from Page U) 

District Office at Washington , 
where he served as District For- 
ester. In 1952 he was named as 
Assistant Fire Control Chief. 

Mr. Barnes, a native of McRae, 
began his career with the Commis- 
sion in July 1949 as Ranger of 
the Dodge County Forestry Unit. 

He was transferred the follow- 
ing year to the Third District 
headquarters in Americus; and he 
served there as Assistant Dis- 
trict Forester in Charge of Fire 
Control until August 1951. At 
that time he was promoted to Dis- 
trict Forester of the Newnan 

Mr. Henson, a native of Cop- 
perhill, Tenn., began work with 
the Commission in October 1950 
as Ranger of the Emanuel County 
Forestry Unit. 

A year later he was transferred 
to the First District office in 
Statesboro, where he served as 
Assistant District Forester in 
Charge of Management and later 
Assistant District Forester in 
Charge of Fire Control. He was 
transferred to the Newnan Dis- 
trict last year. 

A veteran of the Navy Air 
Force, Mr. Henson, in addition 
to his regular duties as Assis- 
tant District Forester, has been 
piloting a Commission aerial 
patrol plane during seasons of 
heavy fire danger. 

All three men are graduates of 
the University of Georgia School 
of Forestry. 


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Wildfire Season 'hreatens 

(From the Vidalia Advance) 

Light showers have momentarily 
lessened the danger of forest 
fires in this section of Georgia, 
but throughout the current fall 
and winter the entire citizenry 
must be alert against the possi- 
bility of damaging wild fires. 

With the coming of the first 
frost, probably in late October 
or early November, conditions 
will be acute unless generous 
rain falls in the meantime. The 
drought which has existed most 
of the time for the past three 
years has made the danger of 
fire doubly hazardous to those 
who own timbered lands. 

No one person or group of per- 
sons can expect to prevent wild 
fires. Only through the co-oper- 
ation of the entire population 
of the territory can we expect 
to check the loss of thousands- 
perhaps millions-of dollars worth 
of valuable timber. 

Hundreds of sportsmen will be 
going into the fields and woods 
in search of dove, quail and 
squirrels in this southwest 

Georgia area. Some build camp- 
fires for cooking purposes or to 
get warm on cold mornings. Others 
smoke cigarettes, cigars and 
pipes. Every spark is a potential 
enemy of the woodlands. Be care- 
ful that sparks are not allowed 
to get into underbrush, grass or 
other things which will bum. 

There is, of course, the age- 
old danger from burning off 
fields and small wooded areas. 
Controlled burning has been ap- 
proved in instances, but too fre- 
quently those who do the burning 
are careless. They attempt to 
start their fires when the wind 
is too high or do not properly 
prepare their firebreaks before 
lighting the match. 

Finally, there is the motorist. 
He drives and smokes. A careless- 
ly tossed cigarette or pipe fill- 
ing can start just as big a fire 
as one deliberately set. 

The season is near at hand for 
wild fires. Be cautious and con- 
serve our valuable timber! ands. 

Vol. 8 


November, 1955 
Published Monthly 
by the 

State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DeLoach, Director 

No. 11 

Members, Board of Commissioners : 

K. S. Vain, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr.— Alamo 

John M. McElrath..— Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Donna Howard 

* * * * 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. O. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. O. Box 333, 

Newna n 
DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 


DISTRICT VI— P. O. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. O. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. O. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 


Qe&Kfia Piaduot 

(From the Moultrie observer) 

Timber is one of Georgia's 
major products and as pointed 
out on numerous occasions, the 
economic future of Georgia de- 
pends to a substantial degree on 
the manner in which the state's 
woodlands are conserved and man- 

A program of great import, and 
one that has the major role to- 
ward keeping Georgia in the lead 
in forest conservation, forest 
management, and forest products 
is the "Keep Georgia Green " 

The average citizen should be 
especially concerned about our 
forests, and the Keep Georgia 
Green program, and other forest 
practice projects, should have 
the wholehearted support of every 
individual, that we may not only 
maintain our leadership, but in- 
crease forest production, attract 
new forest industries, and at 
the same time, make possible a 
more beautiful state in which to 
1 ive. 

A major enemy of our forests, 
and in most cases an individual 
is responsible, is the forest 
fire which has g r e a t 1 y slowed 
down the state's forestry pro- 
gram. If Georgia maintains her 
present position and takes ad- 
vantage of the vast potential 
possibilities, everyone must 
be vitally concerned with 
Keeping Georgia Green. 

Oust Goitesi 

Fall once again has descended 
upon Georgia's woodlands, and the 
new season has brought with it the 
traditional panorama of gay and 
gaudy color. Wherever Georgia's 
sturdy and colorful hardwoods 
abound, Mother Nature is fast apply- 
ing her autumnal coat-a many hued 
coat ranging in color from vivid 
golden yellow of the poplar to the 
bright red of the gum and maple. 


Autumn Marks 
Start Of Forest 
Fire Season 

Wild tires during the fall and 
winter months can cause serious 
damage to Georgia' s woodlands, 
Forestry Commission officials 
warned this month as they stressed 
the importance of keeping a 
"constant alert against the 
woodlands' dread enemy - forest 
flame. " 

They pointed out that though 
some areas of Georgia have re- 
ceived sufficient rainfall in 
recent weeks to hal t temporaril y 
high fire danger, some areas are 
in vital need of rains to cut 
down their high fire danger 
rating. In addition, areas now 
enjoying low fire danger might, 
with the occurence of low humid- 
ity and several hours of high 
winds, quickly find themselves 
in a dangerous position in re- 
gard to forest fires. 

Guyton DeLoach, Commission Di- 
rector, pointed out that the 
approaching Thanksgiving season 
should serve as a rem inder to 
Georgians to be thankful for the 
many benefits which come to them 
as a resul t of their state's 
nearly 23,000,000 acres of wood- 
1 ands. 

"No matter who you are, " he 
declared, "you can thank the 
forests for some factor of your 
daily living. The forestland 
owner and the non-landowner 
alike depend to a large extent 
on the prosperity of the wood- 
land economy of our state." 

The Commission head stated that 
fire danger is expected to in- 
crease statewide this month as 
the fall hunting season attracts 
hundreds of sportsmen and hunters 
into the woods. 

Failure of campers to extin- 
guish campfires properly causes 
many fires during the fall and 
winter months, according to Mr. 

"Make sure your five is dead 
out before you leave it," he 

*7ofi Winnete, Announced 
9n Annual 4 -<M GoH^n^U 

Georgia' s 1955 statewide for- 
estry championships have gone to 
Darrell Gibbs, of Colquitt Coun- 
ty, and to Elizabeth Ann Coffee, 
of Banks County. 

The two won out over a field 
of seven other district finalists 
who gathered in Atlanta last 
month for the annual 4-H forest- 
ry competitions and the subse- 
quent championships. The cham- 
pionship demonstrations and 
competitions were held durin-g 
the annual state 4-H Congress. 

Gibbs and Miss Coffee will go 
to the national competitions in 
Chicago as guests of Southern 
Bell Telephone and Telegraph 
Company, which sponsors the 4-H 
forestry program in Georgia. 
Gibbs, as winning delegate in the 
boys' division, will compete with 
other state winners throughout 
the nation for the national for- 
estry championship and the $300 
forestry scholarship awarded an- 
nually by American Forest Prod- 
ucts Industries. 

The young Colquitt Countian 
chose as his demonstration topic, 

Hardwood Eradication." He 
showed a variety of chemicals 
used in the elimination of cull 
hardwoods, described their appli- 
cation and told of their effec- 

Miss Coffee, winner of the 
girls' division, chose as her 
topic, "Pruning." She described 
and demonstrated the various 
tools used in pruning pine trees 
and told how s higher type of 
sawtimber could be produced by 
fol lowing good pruning practices. 

Girls' dinner 

Other district winners who com- 
peted in the finals, their home 
counties, and their topics are 
as follows. 

(Continued on Page 10) 

BOY'S DIVISION WINNER - Darrell Gibbs of Colquitt County, con- 
ducts championship-winning demonstration on eradication of cull 

1 TOM Pfi&l 

r«s mm 




Distribution Of 1955 
Tree Seedlings Begins 

Georgia's new 1955 seedling 
shipment season opened this month 
as the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion's four nurseries began lift- 
ing and shipping the first of more 
than 115 million forest tree 
seedlings which between now and 
early spring will be distributed 
to nearly every county in the 

Sanford Darby, Commission's 
Reforestation Chief, reported an 
inspection tour of the four 
nurseries, Herty, Hightower, 
Davisboro, and Horseshoe Bend, 
made only two days prior to the 
opening of the shipping season, 
revealed the new seedling crop is 
''one of the best ever produced 
in Commission nurseries. " 

"Disease incidence has been 
low, and the seedlings are strong, 
vigorous and healthy, " he added. 

The reforestation chief point- 
ed out that this year, as in all 
previous years, the most rigorous 
inspection standards will be main- 
tained to insure that only healthy 
seedlings will reach the public. 

"We will follow our regular 
policy," he said, "of destroy- 
ing all cull seedlings. We will 
continue to follow our policy of 
refusing to allow any culled 
seedlings -- no matter whether 
they were culled for pool size or 
health or unsatisfactory form -- 
to reach the hands of the public." 

Mr. Darby repeated earlier 
statements made that forest tree 
seedlings are "one of the best 
buys in farm circles today. 

"Most citizens seem to real- 
ize that fact," he added, "for 
the large majority of our crop 
was called for long before the 
opening of the seedling season 
this month. We had to call a halt 
on orders for white pine, Arizona 
cypress and longleaf more than a 
month before the season opened. " 

The reforestation leader said 

the nursery division wi 1 1 strive 
to fill orders placed now for 
slash and loblolly but pointed 
out no guarantee exists that the 
supply of these two species will 
last many more days. 

Loblolly and longleaf seed- 
lings cost S3 per 1,000 when pick- 
ed up at the nursery. An addition- 
al charge of 25 cents per 1 ,000 
is added when the seedlings are 
shipped to the county where they 
are to be planted. 

"We also wish to stress," 
Mr. Darby said, "that we still 
hold on file many orders which 
have been unaccompanied by pay- 
ment. We can not ship seedlings 
until they have been paid for; 
and we would advise any persons 
wishing to insure receiving the 
seedlings they already have order- 
ed to send his check as soon as 
possible. " 

The nursery official asked 
Georgia landowners ordering seed- 
lings to be prepared to accept 
their shipments promptly. 

"The more rapidly the seed- 
lings are planted or, if you can- 
not plant them immediately, heel- 
ed in, the better their chances 
for survival, " he declared. Time 
lost by the Ranger in tracking 
down and locating a landowner to 
notify him his seedlings have ar- 
rived many times means time lost 
in getting the seedlings planted 
or heeled in. For that reason, we 
would advise that you know when 
your seedlings are due and be 
ready to accept them ar\d handle 
them as soon as they arrive. " 

"Should you be in doubt as to 
spacing or if you have other 
planting problems," he said, 
"your County Forest Ranger will 
beglad to give you aidand advice. 
One hundred and forty- three of 
Georgia's 159 counties now have 
organized County Forestry Units, 
and all County Rangers are quali- 
fied to give planting advice." 


- m. 



C. OTTO LINDH - New Southern 
Regional Forester. 

Forest Service Names 
Lindh New Forester 
Of Southern Region 

C. Otto Lindh, former Regional 
Forester of the Sou thwes tern 
Region of the U.S. Forest Service 
at Albuquerque, New Mexico, has 
been named Regional Forester of 
the Southern Region at Atlanta. 
He succeeds Charles A, Connaugh- 
ton, who has been transferred to 
the California Region as Region- 
al Forester. 

Mr. Lindh, a native of the State 
of Washington and a forestry 
graduate of Oregon State College, 
has had 30 years of experience in 
several regions of the U.S. For- 
est Service. 

As administrative head of the 
California region, Mr. Connaugh- 
ton will replace Clare W. Hendee, 
whose appointment as assistant 
chief in charge of administrative 
management and information in 
Washington headquarters was an- 
nounced at the same time. 

After winding up official 
duties in the Southern region, 
Mr. Connaughton moved with his 
famil y to new headquarters in 
San Francisco last month. 

Mr. Lindh has begun his duties 

PUmee* 9*t ISO 

Gall cMatduMwdl Qo. A I 
Pines Qioui 9*t Pike QoiUittf 

Eradicating cull hardwoods is 
a paying proposition for the 
Georgia landowner. 

Such is the conclusion reached 
by a far-sighted West Georgia at- 
torney and woodland owner who is 
one of the state's pioneers in the 
relatively infant field of TSI , 
or timber stand improvement. 

He is Ernest E. Mauler, of 
Zebulon, owner of a 201 acre tract 
of woodland in the southern part 
of Pike County adjoining Upson 
County . 

Back in earlier times when the 
silence of the unbroken forests 

i3J5 ■ l 

of this area was disturbed only by 
the cry of wild animals or the 
stealthy tread of some early day 
member of the Creek tribe, this 
land is believed to have been 
wooded almost completely with 
towering longleaf. 

With the coming of the wnite 
man, however, the pines gradually 

were cleared sometimes to make 

rooms for pioneer farms and settle- 
ments and sometimes to provide 
homes and the raw materials for a 
growing nation's mighty indus- 
trial needs. 

Over the years, the sturdy 
hardwoods took their place, and 
when Mr. Mauler first was faced 
with the problem of removing un- 
desirable hardwoods to make room 
for the faster-growing, more com- 
mercially valuable pine, his 
"problem area" consisted of some 
ten score acres populated largely 
with hickory, blackjack oak, 
southern red oak, chestnut oak 
and other low grade hardwoods. 

Mr. Mauler's reasons lor want- 
ing to eliminate the undesirable 

Julian Reeves and Pike County 
Ranger John Osbolt inspect a 
young longleaf pine on the proper 
ty of E. E. Mauler. 

hardwoods were two- fold. First, 
he wanted to set up a recreational 
area, including a man-made lake, 
for his family, and he wanted this 
area to be located in a pine 
region. Secondly, he felt that 
with more than 200 acres of wood- 
land, he should be growing finan- 
cially profitable tree crops. 

The attorney-tree farmer be- 
gan his timber stand improvement 
work in July 1953, using almost 
exclusively 2-4-5 T. A woods crew 
applied the chemical by spraying 
into frills. 

(Continued on Page 9) 

HARDWOOD ERADICATION—A carelessly cut frill, (left), re- 
sulted in this vertical translocation which prevented a quick 
killing of the tree. A hardwood completely killed by applica- 
tion of 2-4-5-Tis inspected (left, below). Mauler supervises, 
(below), the cutting of a frill by a member of the poisoning 

Conference Sets Pace 
For Keep Green Fight 

Leaders of more than a dozen 
state, private and federal fores- 
try organizations and allied 
businesses and industries last 
month pledged all-out" co-oper- 
ation in the newest and most 
intensive drive yet conceived to 
combat Georgia' s dread enemy of 
the woodlands-wildfire. 

'Responsibility Of All' 

The occasion was the Georgia 
Forestry Association's official 
kick-off meeting for the 1955- '56 
Keep Georgia Green contest. The 

RECORD CROWD- -Approximately 
from all parts of Georgia wtien 
Green and forest fire preventi 

meeting, which drew a record 
crowd of 1,000 persons to the 
Dinkl er-Plaza Hotel, attracted 
statewide recognition to the need 
for preventing forest fires. 

Governor Marvin Griffin, key- 
note speaker, told the group that 
forests are our most extensive 
and valuable crop. 

It is the responsibility,' 1 
he added, 'of all our citizens 
to keep Georgia a green state for 
future generations." 

Another state executive, Attor- 
ney General Eugene Cook, re- 
viewed Georgia' s forestry laws, 
past, present, and those slated 
for passage at the next session 
of the General Assembly. "Geor- 
gia, " he said, "soon will have 
a state forest code worthy of her 
position of national leadership 
in the over-all forestry field." 

H. E. Ruark, Fire Control Chief, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, told 
of the work the Commission's 135 
County Forest Rangers are per- 
forming in the state' s 143 pro- 
tected counties to bring a 
realization to the public of the 
dangers which come from care- 
lessness with fire. 

{Continued on Page lu) 

1,000 persons were present 
the statewide Keep Georgia 
on conference convened in 

KEEP GREEN SCENES" -Youth organi 
tion representatives, (above), 
greeted by E.D. Martin, of Gair Ho 
lands, Inc. T«e group included, L 
to right, y[r. Martin, Dan n;inch 
Marianne Gillis and Paul King. 

j TT ' H - E. RUARK 

^ky* Addresses Group 


Georgia's crisp fall days once 
again this year ushered in the 
colorful and traditional county 
fair season. Among the familiar 
county fair scenes— the blue- 
ribboned livestock pens, the row 
upon row of gleaming glass jars 
filled with the products of the 
country garden, and the gay kal- 
eidoscope of the fun- filled mid- 
way-were the many and varied 
exhibits of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission's county forest 

Many of the 1955 forestry exhib- 
its placed special emphasis on 
the theme, Georgia's No. 1 
Forestry Problem-Improper Cutting 
Practices." A series of special- 
ly designed panels planned by 
the Commission and distributed to 
the field carried a set of at- 
tractive lighted color photo- 
graphs showing what causes poor 
cutting practices, the effects of 
such practices, the remedy and 
the benefits. The exhibits also 
carried large district maps show- 
ing individual counties where 
the displays are shown. 

Some rangers utilized the Com- 
mission's mobile emergency head- 
quarters for their fair exhibit. 
The mobile headquarters, consist- 
ing of a huge trailer which is 
used as a dispatching vehicle on 
large emergency forest fires, was 
set up by Rangers on several fair 
grounds and used as an emergency 
County Forestry Unit headquar- 

FAIR SCENES - Upson County' s 
fair featured a "Forestry Thea- 
tre," (top photo), complete with 
a series of color photographs on 
forestry topics. South Georgia 
citizens in Mitchell County saw 
the Commission's lighted panel 
exhibit on management, (Center 
photo). The Commission's emer- 
gency trailer was shown at many 
fairs, including the Jackson 
County fair, (bottom photo). 

Walker, University of Georgia, 
shows new roetnod of eradication. 

James C. Spiers, (above) gives 
tips on harvesting pulpwood. 
Artificial reforestation methods 
are demonstrated, (below). 

(licJun&Hd G aunty, GiUyetU 
Jlald Qosie&Uy Quid Jbay 

BARBECUE CALL--The old-fashioned country 
barbecue is one of the most popular events at any 
forestry gathering, and the Richmond County demon- 
stration provpd no exception. 

Citizens of the Centra] Savan- 
nah River Valley area attending 
the recent Bichmond County Wood- 
land Management field day at the 
county's 4-H camp near Augusta 
were treated to a day-long pro- 
gram which ranged from forestry 
demonstrations and talks to an 
old-fashioned barbecue dinner. 

Held to mark official opening 
of the 1955-'56 Keep Richmond 
County Green program and to ac- 
quaint citizens of the area with 
dollars and cents values which 
come from good woodlot manage- 
ment, the day-long event served 
as a forestry highlight for the 
entire area. 

Richmond County Ranger T. M. 
Strickland served as master of 
ceremonies, introducing a group 
of speakers representing more 
than half a dozen private, state 
and federal forestry and conser- 
vation organizations. 

D. A. Williams, Administrator, 
Soil Conservation Service, Wash- 
ington, D. C. , keynote speaker 
for the field day event, de- 
scribed to the group the need for 
good woodland management prac- 
tices and the value to be real- 
ized from such practices. 

Other speakers and persons pre- 
senting demonstrations and their 
topics were H. G. Collier Dis- 
trict Forester, Washington 


District, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, "Planting and Fire 
Control;" J. C. Owens, Soil 
Scientist, Soil Conservation Ser- 
vice, Statesboro, "Soil Capa- 
bility and Site Index;" Fulton 
Lovell, Director, Game and Fish 
Commission, "Wildlife and Its 
Relation to Woodland Manage- 
ment;" N. E. Sands, Conservation 
Forester, SCS, Waycross, "Eco- 
nomics of Woodland Thinning;" 
Dr. L. C. Walker, University of 
Georgia School of Forestry, 
"Hardwood Control," and Dorsey 
Dyer, Forester, Georgia Extension, 
Service, "Economics of Proper 
Forest Cuttj ng. " 

H. M. and W. H. Verdery provided 
the barbecue. J. W. Chambers, 
Richmond County Agent; R. J. 
Watson, Soil Conservationist, and 
Ranger Strickland co-operated in 
presentation of the event. 

Mr. Williams lauded the co- 
operation which today exists 
between all agencies stressing 
soil, water and forest conserva- 

"Conservation can move ahead 
and it will move ahead," he de- 
clared, "just as rapidly as our 
citizens desire. The most vital 
object among these 'moving 
forces' consists of local par- 
ticipation; and we are daily 
seeing more and more evidence of 
such participation." 

•D. A. Williams, Administrator, 

Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Ag- 
riculture, Washington, D.C., delivers the keynote 
address of the Forestry Field Day events. 

Rangers In 
The News 

Dougherty County Ranger George 
Shingl er is reaching record num- 
bers of citizens in his area 
through the medium of the Albany 
television station, WALB-TV. The 
Banger not only has scheduled a 
series of forestry films to last 
throughout the fall and winter 
months, but he is making personal 
appearances to appeal for fire 
prevention and for better forest 
management. During part of Ranger 
Shingler's program, a fire danger 
sign is flashed on the screen, 
and the County Forestry Unit head 
points out the significance of 
the fire danger class day indi- 

FIRE TOOL SHELTER- -These fire tool shelters are 
located in strategic spots in Crisp County to aid citi- 
zens in the suppression of wildfires. 

Members of the Tenth District 
Rangers Club have a new project. 
They plan to obtain a site at the 
Clark Hill Dam area for a club- 
house. The Rangers have agreed 
that if the land is obtained and 
if a Tenth District county should 
win the Keep Georgia Green con- 
test now in progress, the ranger 
of that county will contribute 
his prize money toward construc- 
tion of the clubhouse. 


NFW LOOK -Douglas County dis- 
plays a 'new look' in Keep Green 
signs. The rustic well-kept 
sign on one side, urges -citi- 
zens to Keep Douglas County 
I Green, and on the other side, 
I lists the Douglas County For- 
I esty Unit' s phone number and 
cites the reasons for prevent- 
ing wildfires. 

DeKalb County Forestry Unit 
took the spotlight recently on 
Radio Station WSB's programming 
innovation, "Nightbeat, " WSB 
listeners heard step by step the 
story of a journey from the base 
of Stone Mountain to the cab of 
the forest fire- lookout tower on 
the mountain. WSB Announcer Bob 
Noble interviewed DeKalb Ranger 
George Lyon at different points 
along the way via tape recorder 
as the two made the steep ascent 
up the mountain, partly by jeep, 
partly on foot. The trip was made 
at 10:30 o.m. , and Ranger Lyon 
reported the darkness, plus a 
driving thunderstorm which came 
up as the two reached the top of 
the mountain delaying the down- 
ward trip for nearly an hour and 
making the event a "real live 
story'.' for Announcer Noble. 

Dodge County' s Keep Green Coun- 
cil this year is awarding honor- 
ary membership cards to forestry 
leaders throughout the state who 
are aiding or participating in 
the Council's 1955 Keep Green ac- 
tivities. The Council is making 
its plans early, and already has 
slated a special Keep Green week, 
a parade and a beauty show. 
Dodge County's Forest Ranger is 
J. D. Beau champ. 

Frank H. Eadie 
Named To Head 
District No. 6 

Frank H. Eadie, former Assist- 
ant District Forester in charge 
of Management for the Camilla 
district office of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, has been 
named District Forester of the 
Mil ledgevil le district. 

FRANK H. EADIE- -Recently named 
District Forester of the 6th 
District in Milledgeville. 

A native of Brunswick, he re- 
ceived his bachelor of science 
degree from the University of 
Georgia School of Forestry. 

Mr. Eadie replaces William C. 
Harper, who has been transferred 
to the Statesboro district of- 
fice. Mr. Harper replaces Walter 
F. Stone, who resigned recently 
to join a private forest industry. 

Other transfers also were an- 
nounced this month by Guyton 
DeLoach, Commission Director. 

Frank 0. Bagwell has been 
transferred from Administrative 
Assistant in the Atlanta office 
to Shop Foreman at the Georgia 
Forestry Center. Cecil Osborne 
has been promoted from Ware- 
houseman to Administrative As- 
sistant. Ernest Bolan, former 
Floyd County Banger, has been 
promoted to Warehouseman. 

Harold Osborne, former Ware 
County Banger, has been promoted 
to District Banger of the Newnan 
District Office. 

Cone Crop 

Georgia's 1955 cone collection 
season has ended, and today the 
Georgia Forestry Commission's 
"pine seed factory" at the 
Georgia Forestry Center is in full 
operation, processing seed from 
the thousands of bushels of pine 
cones which made up this year's 
cone crop. 

Gathering of a record number 
of cones marked this year's 
collection, Guyton DeLoach, Com- 
mission Director, announced, as 
he lauded citizens of Georgia 
and County Forestry Unit and 
District office personnel for 
their work in contributing to the 

"The success attained in this 
year's cone collection," he add- 
ed, "will aid immeasurably in 
insuring success for our refores- 
tation program next year. " 

"The cones this year definite- 
ly were collected in large quan- 
tities, and the record attained 
testifies fully to the coopera- 
tion which the citizens of Georgia 
were willing to give to their 
state forestry organization and 
to that organization's program, " 
he declared. 

Sanford Darby, the Commis- 
sion's Beforestation Chief, said 
complete figures are not yet 
available on collection of all 
species of cones, but the figures 
compiled thus far clearly show 
1955 is a record year for the 
Commission's cone collection 

He said 43.892 bushels of 
slash wc~e collected. 

The Statesboro district led 
the state in the number of bushels 
of slash pine cones collected. 
Slash pine cones collected there 
totalled 14,991 bushels. Other 
districts and the bushels of slash 
pinecones collected were Camilla, 
2,961; Americus, 1,538; McBae, 
10,996. andWaycross, 13,405. 


At Forestry Center 

Loblolly cones accounted for 
14,850 bushels. 

The Newnan district led in the 
collection of loblolly cones, 
with a total of 5,143 bushels. 

Other districts and the 
bushelsof loblolly conescollect- 
ed were Americus, 1,991; McBae, 
296; Milledgeville, 2,910; Borne, 
1,066; Gainesville, 5U0, and 
Washington, 2,898. 

Cull Hardwoods.. 

(Continued jron Page U) 

"In looking over the effec- 
tiveness of the work in later 
months, " Mr. Mauler reported, 
"I learned one highly important 
factor which all persons planning 
similar work should bear in mind. 
Wherever the frills were properly 
and carefully cut on the trees, 
the kill was almost 100 per cent. 
Carelessly and improperly cut 
frills, however, resulted either 
in the tree's continuing to live 
or the growth of sprouts at the 
base of the tree. " 

Old longleaf, scattered about 
the area, today are providing 
good pine reproduction, especial- 
ly in areas where the hardwoods 
were completely killed. The en- 
tire area did not receive hard- 
wood eradication treatment, as 
some of the land consists of low 
stream areas especially suited 
to hardwoods. 

4-H Winners.. 

(Continued from Page 2) 

Faye Wood, Hancock County, 
"Tree Identification;" Sara 
Frances Wheeler, Grady County, 
"How to Prevent Forest Fires;" 
Thad Rush, Floyd County, "How a 
Tree Grows;" Daniel Marshall, 
Columbia County, "Fence Post 
Treating on the Farm;" Janis 
McCreary, Worth County, "Care 
and Planting of Seedlings;" 
James Burson, of Cobb County, 
"How a Tree Grows," and Emily 
Brown, of Emanuel County, "Care 
and Planting of Pine Seedlings." 

Judges were C. Dorsey Dyer, 
Forester, Georgia Extension Ser- 
vice, J. C. Turner, Assistant 
Fire Control Chief, Georgia For- 
estry Commission, and J. C. 
Spiers, Forester, Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association. 

KG Conference-- 

(Continued from. Page 5) 

J. Walter Myers Jr., Executive 
Director, Forest Farmers Asso- 
ciation, pledged co-operation of 
the small landowner in prevent- 
ing wildfires and pointed out 
that trees of the state had grown 
500 cords of pulpwood during the 
10 minutes he was speaking. 

E. D. Martin, Forester, Gair 
Woodlands, Inc. told of the work 
youth groups are doing in Geor- 
gia Forestry activities. He in- 
troduced Dan Minchew, of Appling 
County, 4-H president-elect, Paul 
King, of Hihira, state FFA for- 
estry champion, and Marianne 
Gil lis, of Treutlen County, 4-H 
Club President. 

S. A. Council, Vice president 
Fulton National Bank, told of the 
work Georgia's banks have done in 
aiding the reforestation pro- 
gram. Sam Reichler, Forester, 

U. S. Forest Service, cited the 
many organizations working with 
the U.S. Forest Service to pro- 
mote better forestry in Georgia. 
C. A. Gillett, Managing Direc- 
tor, American Forest Products 
Industries, which sponsors the 
nationwide Keep America Green 
program, lauded Georgia's Keep 
Green activities. 

in the recent 4-II annual forestry 
Congress, their home counties, 
and their topics are (1) Faye 
Wood, of Hancock County, protect- 
ing Our Forests; (2) Fmily Brown, 
Emanuel County, Planting; (3) 
Daniel Marshall, Columbia County, 
Fence Post Treating on the Farm; 
(4) James Burson. of Cobb County, 
How a Tree Grows; (5) Janis Mc- 
Creary, of Worth County, Planting; 
(6) Sara Francis Wheeler, of 
Grady County, Let' s protect Our 
Pines, and (7) Thad Rush, of 
Floyd County, How a Tree Grows. 
Dan Minchew, of Appling County, 
also was a runner-up and dis- 
trict winner. The 4-H forestry 
championship contest is held at 
the State Congress each year in 




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Green Forests Depend On You 

(From the Bainbridge 

It's hardly necessary, we 
think, to call to the attention of 
all Georgians who have the welfare 
if their state at heart the impor- 
tance of the recent forest fire 
prevention and "Keep Georgia 
Green" conference which was call- 
ed by Governor Marvin Griffin. 

Two-thirds of Georgia is cover- 
ed with forests. Income from the 
various products obtained from 
forest raw materials represents a 
most sizable segment of our total 
income in this state. These 
forests mean employment for thou- 
sands, not only in the woods and 
wood lots but in the factories 
which exist only because of the 
close proximity of woodlands raw 
materials. Any menace to our 
Georgia forests is a direct menace 
to the economy of our state. 

The greatest of the potential 
menaces is fire. Insects, water 
shortages, disease or any of the 
other ailments which can deplete 
our wood supply are relatively 
controllable. They futhermore us- 
ually herald their danger well in 

Post- Searchl i ght ) 

But fire is another matter. 
Under the right conditions it can 
spring up in a twinkling and de- 
stroy thousands of acres of valu- 
able woodlands before it can be 
brought under control. 

The major cause of the forest 
fires which annually sweep over 
our state is carelessness. Many of 
our people still practice outdated 
and dangerous methods of clearing 
underbrush by wanton burning. 
Hunters and motorists are thought- 
less in disposing of lighted 
cigarettes or in quenching cooking 
fires. We can add, too, the fact 
that many of our fires are delib- 
erately set. 

The only defense against this 
carelessness lies in the vigilance 
of our Georgia citizens. They must 
be more fully alerted to fire's 
dangers and causes. They must 
learn to practice the utmost care 
themselves and to urge others to 
do the same thing. If our citizenry 
is not properly alerted to this 
ianger to our welfare there is but 
little substitution which can be 
made in the matter of protection. 

Vol. 8 


December, 1955 

Published Monthly 

by the 


State Capitol, Atlanta, Georgia 
Guyton DcLoach, Director 

No. 12 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

K. S. Vain, Chairman Waycross 

Sam H. Morgan Savannah C. M. Jordan, Jr. _ Alamo 

John M. McElrath Macon H. O. Cummings Donalsonville 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second class matter at the Post 
Office under the Act of August 24, 1912. Member of the Georgia 

Press Association. 

* * * * 

EDITOR Richard E. Davis 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS Robert Rutherford, Donna Howard 


DISTRICT I— Route 2, 

DISTRICT II— P. 0. Box 26, 

DISTRICT III— P. 0. Box 169, 

DISTRICT IV— P. 0. Box 333, 

DISTRICT V— P. 0. Box 328, 



DISTRICT VI— P. 0. Box 505, 


DISTRICT VIII— P. 0. Box 811, 

DISTRICT IX— P. 0. Box 416, 

DISTRICT X— P. 0. Box 302, 


(From the Dawson News) 

With Georgia tenth in the 
nation and third in the South in 
the production of paper, the pine 
tree has come into its own, and 
its cultivation brings thousands 
of dollars into the pockets of 
those who have interested them- 
selves in this important phase of 
farm operations. 

One of the greatest assets of 
the South is our forest lands, and 
well-managed farm woodlands can 
be the means of filling the family 
pocketbook and lifting the finan- 
cial load which sometimes becomes 
more than we think we can bear. 

We like to see the planted 
forests which dot the countryside, 
and we like to see farmers, and 
especially in this section, turn 
more and more to this diversified 
method of conducting their farming 
operations. Further south, 'tur- 
pentining, ' where pine trees are 
bled of the rich rosin they con- 
tain, has been profitable as long 
or longer than we can remember, 
but here in the heart of Southwest 
Georgia, our planted pine forests 
yield the product which is made 
into newsprint, and its other 
varied uses make it an important 
part of our way of life. 

Qua. Coo&i 

vVe of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission would like to wrap up 
the best wishes and warm thoughts 
of this traditional holiday sea- 
son in one big box, to tie up 
that box with the most colorful 
and gaudy of Yuletide bows, and 
to present it to you, our readers, 
with the hope that you will have 
the very merriest of Christmases 
and a most happy New Year! 



Sent Daily 

The Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion's four forest tree seedling 
nurseries have announced a total 
production yield of 111,500,000 
seedlings for the 1955- '56 plant- 
ing season. 

This nearly record-breaking 
total is slightly under the 1954- 
-' 55 yield of seedlings, which was 
the greatest ever produced in a 
single season in Georgia or by 
state nurseries in any Southern 
state. Between now and early 
spring, seedlings of slash, long- 
leaf, loblolly, Arizona cypress, 
yellow poplar and red cedar will 
be distributed to landowners in 
nearly every county in the state. 

San ford Darby, Commission Re- 
forestation Chief, revealed that 
the 1955 seedling crop is "one of 
the best ever produced in our 
nurseries. " He reported that 
"disease incidence has been low, 
and the seedlings are strong, vig- 
orous and healthy. " 

Production of seedlings by 
nurseries is as follows: Herty 
Nursery in Albany - 26,000,000; 
Horseshoe Bend Nursery in Wheeler 
County - 24,000,000; Davisboro 
Nursery in Washington County - 
34,000,000; Hightower Nursery in 
Dawson County - 27, 500,000. 

Each of the four nurseries is 
shipping seedlings to Georgians 
at the rate of one half million a 
day. The combined daily shipment 
of seedlings is more than 

As the new seedling shipping 
season opened, Guyton DeLoach, 
Director of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission, stressed the obser- 
vance of proper care and planting 
procedures. He said, "Refore- 
station progress in our state will 
be aided greatly if farmers and 
landowners follow good planting 
recommendations. " 

(Continued on page 10) 

dcufoniesi B&lecti fledMfi 
A I Site <2o* Second PIgaiI 

Rayonier, Inc. , has announced 
plans for construction at Jesup of 
a second chemical cellulose plant 
to cost approximately 125,000,000. 

Current plans, according to an 
announcement made this month by 
Claude B. Morgan, Rayonier Presi- 
dent, call for the new plant to be 
completed and placed in operation 
late in 1957. The new plant, with 
an annual capacity of 100,000 tons, 
will represent part of Rayonier' s 
$800,000,000 expansion program 
slated for the next three years. 

The firm's decision to erect a 
new mill came at a meeting of the 
Boardof Directors at Paris, France. 
Many locations throughout the 
United States and Canada were con- 
sidered, according to Mr. Morgan , 
who said the Jesup area was chosen 
largely because of the assured 
availability of water and timber. 

"These two raw materials, " 
said the President, "stand at the 
top of the list in the raw require- 
ments essential forchemical cellu- 
lose production. " 

He said other factors, such as 
availability of a skilled labor 
force, adequate transportation 
facilities, fine cooperation from 
bothcommunity and stateof ficials, 
and the advantages of consolidated 
landmanagement and timber procure- 
ment operations, contributed to 
the site selection. 

"This newest mill, when com- 
pleted, " President Morgan con- 
tinued, "will bring Rayonier' s 
annual production capacity to 
approximately 900,000 tons. We 
plan to incorporate several ad- 
vanced features of the present 
Jesupmill as well as newer features 
recently developed by Rayonier. 

"We wish to emphasize," he 
continued, "that this new plant 
is in no way an expansion of the 
current Jesup operation. Our new 
mill will be a completely continued 
manufacturing unit. The new mill 
provides complete flexibi lity with 
the existing mill to produce two 

.Continued, on Page 9) 

ANOTHER MILL SLATEO-Georgians familiar with the below Rayonier 
mill at Jesiro soon will be seeing another pulpmill being con- 
structed near this site. The second Rayonier mill will be a com- 
pletely self-contained fianufacturing unit. It will provide complete 
flexibility with the otner nill to produce two different types of 
cellulose simultaneously. The below mill is producing an annual 
rated capacity exceeding 100,000 tons. The new mill's capacity will 
be 100,000 tons. 


ZM JUflP. 


From Trust Company 

$50,000 Grant Given 
For Forestry Instruction 

Receipt of a $50,000 grant from 
the Trust Company of Georgia for 
expanding forestry instruction in 
Georgia high schools has been an- 
nounced by the State Board of 
Vocational Education. 

State School Supt.M. D.Collins 
and Board Chairman John A. Sibley 
of the Trust Company announced 
the grant. 

The company stipulated that 
$25,000 of the grant be used to 
contribute $250 each toward the 
purchase of 10 to 15 acre forestry 
demonstration areas for 100 high 
schools havingvocational agricul- 
ture departments. Additional cost 
of the plots must be paid locally. 

The forestry tracts will be 
convenient to the schools and will 
be used by the vocational agricul- 
ture departments to teach good 
woodland management. Other stu- 
dents will use them for laboratory 
studies in forestry, nature and 

"Recognizing that most of the 
state's 443 vo-ag teachers need 
more specialized training in 
forestry jobs," the announcement 
said, "the Trust Company has de- 
signated that part of the funds be 
given to the school of forestry at 
the University of Georgia for con- 
ducting sunmer schools for vo-ag 
teachers. " 

School forests during recent 
years have played an increasingly 
prominent role in youth forestry 
education. Both the Future Farmers 
of America and the 4-H Clubs of 
Georgia have established forest 
plots; and foresters and other 
adult leaders of the groups work 
closely with fore s t ry -minded 
youths in setting up programs. 

Such phases of forestry as re- 
forestation, forest fire preven- 
tion and suppression, management, 
harvesting, insects and disease, 
and marketing are emphasized in 
operation of the school forests. 

FIRE AND HIGHWAY SAFETY DRIVE- -Floyd M.^Cook, (center), Mus- 
cogee County Forest Ranger, plans combined program of fire and 
safety education slated soon for Muscogee County with other 
safety leaders. They are, (left to right), Sgt. II. 0. Johnson, 
Muscogee Countv Police Department, Cook, and Lloyd Booth, Mus- 
cogee County Fire Chief. Seated (left to right), are Zach Cra- 
vey, Georgia' s Safety Fire Commissioner, and Lt. Eugene Thomas, 
in charge of safety education for the Georgia ]l" t Patrol. 


Danger of forest insect attacks 
which prevailed in many sections 
of Georgia during the past summer 
now has been eliminated or greatly 
diminished in most areas of the 
state, and the resumption of 
harvesting operations is in most 
instances safe and, in many timber 
stands, even highly desirable. 

This highly encouraging analy- 
sis is contained in advice and 
suggestions given this month to 
landowners and forest operators 
of the state. The recommendations 
by Georgia Forestry Commission 
officials also stressed the fact 
that in most sections of Georgia 
high demand now exists for wood. 
Especially is this true within the 
shipping radius of most of the 
state's pulpmills. 

In elaborating on the greatly 
decreased hazard of insect damage, 
the foresters explained that the 
lowered temperatures that have 
prevailed over most of the state 
have reduced insect populations 
and activity to a minimum. 

The stepped up tempo of cutting 
operations was particularly 
advised in the thinning of many 
stagnated stands to release the 
better trees for increased growth 
to high value products. Thinnings 
performed now will be done during 
a period when danger of insect 
attack is lessened and also will 
provide a substantial profit to 
the landowner through the sale of 
pulpwood or other forest products 
removed in the thinning. 

An additional benefit of thin- 
ning operations carried on at the 
present time was cited in the fact 
that timber stands thinned during 
the fall and winter months will be 
far less susceptible to insect 
damage during next summer. 

Augusta 4-H 
Group Given 
Banker Award 

Twenty 4-H Club members of the 
Augusta area received awards for 
their outstanding work in forestry 
this year at a recent banquet 
sponsored by the Georgia Railroad 
Bank & Trust Company. 

Honoring the 4-Hers at the re- 
cognition and awards banquet held 
at Timmerman's Lodge near Augusta 
were 4-H county agents, home 
demonstration agents, banking 
officials from Augusta and the 
counties represented and parents 
of the contestants. 

Climaxing a year's work in the 
Augusta area 4-H Club reforesta- 
tion project and concluding an 
evening of congratulatory speeches 
the top three contestants from 
each of the seven counties re- 
ceived certificates and cash a- 
wards amounting to $200. From the 
first place winners, three parti- 
cipants were selected as area 
winners, receiving an additional 
certificate and cash award. 

Russell A. Blanchard, vice 
president and cashier of the 
Georgia Railroad Bank & Trust 
Company, presented awards. 

Area winners were Jimmie 
Rivers, 17, of Jefferson County, 
first place; Julius Whisnant, 13, 
Richmond County, second, and 
Linder Walden, Glascock County, 

County winners are as follows: 
Burke - Robert Peel, first; Allen 
DeLaigle, second, and Avner 
DeLaigle, third. 

Columbia - Daniel Marshall, 
first; Henry Inglett, second, and 
Jimmy Blanchard, third. 

Glascock - Linder Walden, 
first; Bernard Todd, second, and 
Tommy Walden, third. 

Jefferson - J irnny Rivers, 
first; Billy Lamb, second, and 
Andrew Jordan, third. 

Lincoln - Geortre Dunaway, first; 

(Continued on Page luj 

NURSERY SCENES—Arizona cypress and yellow poplar grow 
side by side at Herty nursery, (above). Seedlings are driven 
to packing shed after lifting at Glenwood, (below). 

SLASH PINE CROP--Tnese slash pine seedlings growing at 
Davisboro nursery will be shinned during coming months to thou- 
sands of Georgia farmers and landowners. 

. . ; 






Dademont Tree Farm 
Relates Colorful History 

More than a century ago, a 
young Georgia landowner looked 
over a peaceful green valley that 
stretched out between the rugged 
Lookout and Sand Mountains. The 
landowner was J. W. Cureton, the 
land was a wooded tract of more 
than 1,000 acres of some of North- 
west Georgia's finest walnut, 
cherry, shortleaf , oak, and maple. 
The name of the land was Dademont , 
and today, one hundred and five 
years later, Dademont, still in. 
the hands of the Cureton family, 
is known as one of Georgia's out- 
standing Tree Farms. 

Faded family archives today 
give us brief but revealing glimp- 
ses into the story of the Cureton 
family and of the vast variety and 
volume of forest products which 
came from those highly productive 
Dade County woodland acres. They 
tell how J. W. Cureton left his be- 
loved Dademont during the War be- 
tween the States to become a 
Colonel in the 39th Georgia 
Regiment, and they tell of his 
election following the war to the 
State Legislature, where he served 
terms in both houses. 

All during this period, the 
rolling valley lands and the bor- 
dering mountain slopes of Dademont 
were growing timber. The area's 
number one assets were timber and 
water power, and Lookout Creek, 

flowing north along the base of 
Lookout Mountain, furnished the 
power. A stone dam and turbine sup- 
plied power for a grist mill, a 
wool carding mill and a cabinet 

Pieces of walnut and cherry 
furniture made in that shop 100 
years ago still can be found in 
some of the homes around Rising 
Fawn, the pleasant little Dade 
County community which lies nearly 
adjacent to the Dademont Tree 
Farm. The fancy carved walnut doors 
made at Dademont were in great 
demand, as were the window and 
door frames fashioned from clear, 
dense pine. Barrels for shipping 
products of the grist mill also 
were made in the cabinet shop. 

Colonel Cureton died in 1885, 
but ownership and management of 
Cureton woodlands still was in 
Cureton hands. And the timber still 
continued growing through the 
years. In 1916, the first stumpage 
sale was held on the property, with 
all the timber being sold on a 
boundary basis for $20,000. 

A quarter of a century passed, 
and under new times and new con- 
ditions, the owners of historic 
Dademont became interested in 
forestry and scientific forest 
management. A seven acre eroded 
field was planted to loblolly 

Hubbard, Management Forester, 
Georgia Forestry Commission, 
(left), checks growth rate 
on Dademont stand with Dade 
County Ranger Dan Hall. 
pine, marking a new era in Dademont 
history. In 1944 the owners joined 
TVA and the Georgia Extension Ser- 
vice in a forest management demon- 
stration, and, with organization 
of a County Forestry Unit in 1945, 
Dademont came within the sphere of 
the Georgia Forestry Commission's 
fire control and fire prevention 
program. Four years later, on 
March 4, 1949, the Cureton tract 
was accredited under the Georgia 
Tree Farm System. 

Sales during recent years have 
always been on a selective cutting 
basis. In three sales--one in 1944, 
and one in 1949, sawmiller A. L. 
Dyer, of Trenton, harvested 
782,000 board feet from 587 acres. 
Total stumpage price was $14,600. 

POOR TREES REMOVED- -Management Forester Floyd 
Hubbard marks poor trees for removal to encourage 
faster growth of stronger, healthier trees. 

VALLEY 1REE FARM- -The towering ridges of 
Mountain form a scenic and colorful backgro 
the Dademont Tree Farm. 


^bodfe SeeJu 'Qleett' P>U$e, 



photo), addresses group in front of Dodge courthouse. (Bottom 
photo), Smokey the Bear, a passenger on the Dodge County Fores- 
try Unit pickup truck, proved popular with young and old alike. 

Pretty girls, colorful parade 
floats, outstanding forestry 
speakers and one of the best fire 
prevention records in the county's 
history have been drawing state- 
wide attention to Dodge County's 
Keep Georgia Green Contest. 

Citizens of the county got a 
look at the pretty girls at the 
Keep Dodge County Green beauty 
contest. Comely brunette Jane 
Young, Eastman high school senior, 
was crowned queen and took first 
place over 38 other contestants in 
an event so well -attended more 
than 200 persons were turned away 
for lack of space. 

Other "Keep Miss Dodge County 
Green" finalists were Sally 
Roberson, Roxanne Rrown, Gloria 
Harrell, and Jean Peacock. 

Dodge citizens received 
another look at the girls -- and 
atone of the most colorful parades 
in the county's history -- two 
weeks later when the Keep Dodge 
County Green Council and the 
American Legion sponsored a 60- 
unit parade highlighting the 
forest fire prevention theme. 

Chauncey High School float 
took first place honors in the 
white schools d i v i s i on with a 
"rags to riches" theme. Students 

(Continued on Page 10) 

DODGE KEEP GREEN FESTIVITIES- -Jane Young, (photo at left), is crowned Miss Keep Dodge 
County Green hy Ranger Lloyd Beauchamp. Roxanne Brown, (center photo), was another comely 
finalist. High-stepping majorettes, (photo at right), were among those who helped make the 
Keep Green parade a success. 



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52 Counties Enter Competition 
In 1955-56 Keep Green Contest 

Fifty entries met the November 
15 deadline set by the Georgia 
Forestry Association for the 
annual "Keep Georgia Green" Con- 
test. The entries cover a total of 
52 counties, including two com- 
bined unit organizations. 

Counties entering are as fol- 
lows: District 1: Bryan, Bulloch, 
Emanuel, and Liberty; District 2: 
Clay, Decatur, Dougherty, Mitchell, 
and Tift; District 3: Crisp, Dooly, 
Lee, Marion, Schley, Stewart, 
Talbot, Taylor, and Terrell; Dis- 
trict 4: Harris, Henry, Pike and 
Troup; District 5: Ben Hill, 
Bleckley, Dodge, Irwin, Montgom- 
ery, Pulaski, Telfair, Toombs, 
Treutlen, Wheeler, and Wilcox; 
District 6: Bibb, Crawford and 
Wilkinson; District 7: Polk; Dis- 
trict 8: Coffee-Atkinson; District 
9: Barrow, Fannin, Franklin, 
Rabun and Stephens; District 10: 
Clarke-Oconee, Columbia, Elbert, 
Green, Lincoln, Richmond, and 

The main objective of the con- 
test is to prevent forest fires 
through local action and educa- 
tion. Georgians in the contest 
will use their energy and imagina- 
tion with projects ranging from 
roadside signs to parades, fire 
fighting demonstrations and 

The winners from each forestry 
district will compete in the state 
contest for the $1,000 first prize 
or the $500 second prize. The 
ranger of the winning county also 
will be awarded $100. A $50 prize 
goes to the District Forester 
having the largest percentage of 
counties entering. Winners will 
be announced at the annual meet- 
ing of the Georgia Forestry 
Association on May 3-5. 

Winners will be chosen on a 
point system with a total of 1,000 
points to be divided as follows: 
Fires, fire control, 100; county 
council and committees, 100; com- 

munity and county participation, 
200; public demonstrations, 100; 
signs and posters, 100; and other 
activities, 100. 

Harvey Brown, Executive Sec- 
retary, Georgia Forestry Associ- 
ation, lauded the 52 counties 
which have entered the contest 
and gave special praise to the 
Keep Green Council members of 
those counties. 

"Until establishment of the 
Georgia Forestry Association' s 
Keep Green contest five years 
ago," Mr. Brown declared, "many 
persons looked on ny type of 
forest fire prevention program 
as exclusively the province of 
the County Forest Ranger. To- 
day, we are happy to report, 
that concept is changing. More 
and more citizens are coming to 
realize that fire prevention is 
everybody' s job. " 

FAIR SEASON FINALE--Nine forest industries and organizations in a 'Forest Products Ex- 
hibit' at the Coastal Empire Fair in Savannah during November. Organizations cooperating 
in the exhibit were Union Bag and Paner Corporation, Gair Woodlands Corporation, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, Pierpont Manufacturing Company, Rathborne-Hair & Ridgewa.v Box Company, 
Reynolds and Manley Lumber Company, Southern Pulpwood Conservation Association. Turnentine 
and Rosin Factors and Dixie Plywood Company. (Bottom left photo), Gene Martin, (left), 
Gair Woodlands, and E.L. Molpus, Union Bag and Paper Corporation, nut finishing touches on 
harvesting exhibit. Bottom right photo shows the Commission's fire control exhibit. 

Rangers In 
The News 

Ranger Ray Thomas of Gwinnett 
County made the news at the recent 
United Nations Day gathering in 
Lawrenceville by furnishing a 
memorial water oak, symbolizing 
the hopes of the United Nations. 
Ranger Thomas also prepared the 
ground for the planting of the 
tree. The planting, done by Hugh 
Britt of Lawrenceville, followed 
a speech by Atlanta Constitution 
Editor Ralph McGill, who told the 
group, "We in this country must 
have the vision and the strength 
to give the moral idea encompassed 
in the United Nations a chance to 
grow. " 

UN TREE--Gwinnett County 
Ranger Ray Thomas, (left), 
helps Van Britt plant memor- 
ial tree. 

SHERWOOD FOREST RESTORATION- -Ful ton County Ranger J. W. Men- 
ear shows Sherwood Forest Garden Club members how to plant pine 
seedlings. The group includes, (left to right), Ranger Menear, 
Mrs. James Flowers, Mrs. Dan Graham and Mrs. Ansel Paulk. The 
Garden Club members plan to restore Sherwood Forest's many 
shadeless acres by using pine seedlings ordered through the 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Greene County's Float for Paul 
Brown Day in Elberton, honoring 
Representative Paul Brown of the 
Tenth Congressional District, em- 
phasized fire prevention. It was 
the kick-off for their Keep Green 
Contest. Georgia Kraft Company, 
Union Bag & Paper Corporation and 
their local dealers sponsored the 

float. The background drop, 
painted by Bill Moody, was a burn- 
ed area with girls dressed as 
flames thrcwing off Southern Pulp- 
wood Conservation Association pen- 
cils wrapped in red paper to 
indicate sparks. In contrast to 
the inflamed section, Smokey, with 
his fire fighting equipment kept 

his area green. 

FIRE PREVENTION FLOAT- -On *aul Brown Day at Elberton, Green 
County's float emphasized Georgia's Keep Green Program by fea- 
turing flame laden lassies and a plea from Smokey for aid in 
fire prevention and suppression. 


Rome District Prepared 
For Emergency Wildfires 

Personnel of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission's Rome Dis- 
trict now are "ready to roll" at 
the first indication of an emer- 
gency forest fire situation. 

The District has recently set 
up a complete emergency wildfire 
organization andhas nameddistrict 
personnel for every task ranging 
from scout to fire boss. The wild- 
fire emergency "TO" or table of 
organization was outlined at a 
recent meeting of district and 
county personnel at Rome. 

Similar emergency organiza- 
tions soon will be set up in every 
Commission district over the 

District Forester Frank Craven 
served as chairman for the organi- 
zational meeting. Representatives 
of northeast Georgia forest in- 
dustries, of the U. S. Forest Ser- 
vice, Tennessee Valley Authority, 
and of other forestry organiza- 

tions attended and were named as 
part of group which has offered 
its personnel and equipment to 
serve as an emergency reserve. 

"Severe emergency situations 
in recent years and months, both 
in the South Georgia and the North 
Georgia areas, " Mr. Craven told 
the group, "have illustrated all 
too clearly the dread devastation 
which large fires brings in their 
wake. We learned, in the course of 
battling these fires, the extreme 
necessity for good organization 
on the part of those fighting the 

Those named on the emergency 
group and the organizations they 
represent are: Rex McCord, Hi- 
wassee Land Company; 0. H. Munroe, 
Corps of Engineers; George Biskey, 
U. S. F. S. ; L. H. Christopher, 
S. C. S. ; Phil Brewster, North 
Georgia Timber land Company; and 
G. D. Wilson, Berry Schools. 

READY FOR 'THE BIG ONE' --Seventh District office personnel 
scan one of the maps which will play a vital role in that area' s 
over-all forest fire emergency plan. The group includes, (left 
to right), Assistant District Forester Armand Cote, District For- 
ester Frank Craven, District Ranger Pendley Holmes, and Manage- 
ment Forester Floyd Hubbard. 

t/tde *Jleel 

Thousands of homes throughout 
the state during the coming holiday 
season will be utilizing "home 
grown" Christmas trees -- Yule 
trees raised from the fast growing 
red cedar and Arizona cypress 

These trees, grown from seed- 
lings planted during the past few 
seasons in Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission nurseries, are yearly 
reaching the market in ever- in- 
creasing quantities. Commission 
officials pointed out that last 
season 96,000 Arizona cypress 
seedlings and 244,950 red cedar 
seedlings were shipped. Production 
during the current season is ex- 
pected to exceed 420,000 red cedar 
and 1,500,000 Arizona cypress 

They pointed out, however, 
that orders no longer can be 
placed for shipping Christmas 
trees during the 1955- '56 season. 

The Comnission' s entire crop, 
not only Arizona cypress and red 
cedar, but all other species as 
well, has been committed for the 
current season. Each year more and 
more Georgians have become in- 
terested in reforestation; and 
since the Conmission operates on a 
"first come, first served" basis, 
the man who places his order for 
Christmas tree seedlings and other 
seedlings early in the year is the 
man who is most likely to have his 
order filled. 

The Commission sells red cedar 
and Arizona cypress seedlings at 
$6 per 1,000. An added charge of 25 
cents per 1 ,000 is made when seed- 
lings are shipped to a central 
point in the county where they are 
to be planted. 

Many of the red cedar and 
Arizona cypress trees that will be 
bought from corner lot Christmas 
tree dealers this year will have 
come from seedlings planted only 
three years ago. 

4-H Awards.. 

(Continued from page H) 

Lana Goldman, second, and Franklin 
Partridge, third. 

McDuffie - Jimmy Harrison, 
first, and Tommiy Gofer, second. 

Richmond - Julius Whisnant, 
first; William Lofl in, second, and 
Patricia Loflin, third. 

Charles Presley, agricultural 
manager of the bank, presided and 
served as master of ceremonies. 

Principal speakers includeu 
Sherman Drawdy, President, Georgia 
Railroad Bank, C. Dorsey Dyer of 
Athens, extension forester; Miss 
Linda Lunsford of Sparta, presi- 
dent of the Northeast Georgia 4-11 

District; Tommy Walton of Athens, 
state 4-H Club director, and Rus- 
sell Rlanchard. 


(Continued from Page 2) 

In reviewing good planting 
methods, Mr. DeLoach urged tree 
farmers to "be prepared to accept 
shipments of seedlings promptly 
and plant promptly upon delivery, 
making sure you have sufficient 
tools and equipment for handling 
the seedlings. " He said to carry 
the shipment to the planting site 
without delay and "heel in" in a 
cool, moist place protected from 
the sun and wind, being especially 
careful not to allow the seedlings 
to freeze. 

(Continued from Page 2> 

different types of cellulose 
simultaneously — definitely an 
unusual achievement in chemical 
cellulose production. " 

Greatly increased world demand 
for such cellulose as rayon, ace- 
tate, tire cord, cellophane and 
plastics was the deciding factor in 
Rayonier's building of an eighth 
mill hard on the heels of the cur- 
rent Jesup plant, which was placed 
in operation in June, 1954. 

rrr\i \urr 

entered in the recent Keep Dodge County Green parade emphasizec 
the county' s prominence in the forest products world. The girls 
on the float held placards listing vario"s forest products. 


(Continued from Page 9) 

The District Forester pointed 
out that the Commission's Fire 
Control Division has compiled and 
published a complete "Manual for 
the Fire Organization" which 
lists and describes each job duty 
on the fire line and behind the 
line. This manual is serving as 
the organizational basis for 
emergency fire organizations in 
every Georgia Forestry Commission 
in the state. 

Tnose who describe duties of 
the task to which they would be 
assigned in an emergency situation 
were as follows: 

Management Forester Floyd Hub- 
bard, ArmondCote, Pendley Holmes, 
Polk County Ranger James Carter, 
Walker County Ranger Waymond Hug- 
gins, Gilmer County Patrolman 
James Pinson; Bartow County Ranger 
Tom Boston, Catoosa County Ranger 
Ralph Clark, Investigator Herman 
Scoggin, Cherokee County Ranger 
Eugene Dobson, Pickens County 
Ranger Doyle McWhorter, and Dade 
County Ranger Dan Hall. 

2>adfe KQ.. 

Continued from Page 6) 

on the float were burning simulat- 
ed dollar bills to point to the 
destruction of ftfrest fires. Rhine 
High School float placed second. 
Chauncey High School (Negro) also 
won first place in the negro school 
division. Lisbon High School was 

Keynote speaker A. R. Shirley, 
Executive Secretary, American 
Turpentine Farmers Association, 
of Valdosta, addressed the group 
following the parade and pointed 
out that "unless we keep our 
forests green and working, they 
will not continue to give us the 
things they need. " R. F. Burch in- 
troduced Mr. Shirley. 

A noon barbecue and a night 
street dance followed the parade 
and talk. 

Dodge County Ranger Lloyd 
Beauchamp, Dodge County Keep 
Green Council Chairman W. L. Jes- 
sup Jr. , and Legion Commander F.R. 
Bennett Sr., were among those 
helping plan the events. 


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